OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 20, Iss. 13 — Jun. 18, 2012
  • pp: 14683–14697

Dynamically induced nonlinearity in a resonant-cavity interferometric intensity modulator

Janusz Murakowski, Garrett J. Schneider, and Dennis W. Prather  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 20, Issue 13, pp. 14683-14697 (2012)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (1057 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



The frequency dependence of the spur-free dynamic range (SFDR) in a modulator based on an injection-locked laser is analyzed. It is shown that as the modulation frequency approaches half of the locking range, the SFDR of the modulator approaches that of a standard Mach-Zehnder configuration. At low frequencies, the SFDR degrades by 2 dB for every octave of frequency increase.

© 2012 OSA

OCIS Codes
(060.4080) Fiber optics and optical communications : Modulation
(060.5060) Fiber optics and optical communications : Phase modulation
(140.3520) Lasers and laser optics : Lasers, injection-locked
(230.4110) Optical devices : Modulators
(140.3518) Lasers and laser optics : Lasers, frequency modulated
(250.4110) Optoelectronics : Modulators

ToC Category:
Optical Devices

Original Manuscript: January 24, 2012
Revised Manuscript: April 14, 2012
Manuscript Accepted: June 4, 2012
Published: June 15, 2012

Janusz Murakowski, Garrett J. Schneider, and Dennis W. Prather, "Dynamically induced nonlinearity in a resonant-cavity interferometric intensity modulator," Opt. Express 20, 14683-14697 (2012)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. C. H. Cox, E. I. Ackerman, G. E. Betts, and J. L. Prince, “Limits on the performance of RF-over-fiber links and their impact on device design,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.54(2), 906–920 (2006). [CrossRef]
  2. D. J. F. Barros and J. M. Kahn, “Optical modulator optimization for orthogonal frequency-division multiplexing,” J. Lightwave Technol.27(13), 2370–2378 (2009). [CrossRef]
  3. “Spurious-free dynamic range,” Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Spurious-free_dynamic_range , (accessed April 9, 2012).
  4. W. F. Egan, Practical RF system design (IEEE Press; Wiley-Interscience, 2003), pp. xxv, 386 p.
  5. N. Hoghooghi, I. Ozdur, M. Akbulut, J. Davila-Rodriguez, and P. J. Delfyett, “Resonant cavity linear interferometric intensity modulator,” Opt. Lett.35(8), 1218–1220 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. R. Adler, “A study of locking phenomena in oscillators,” Proc. IRE 34, 351–357 (1946).
  7. A. E. Siegman, Lasers (University Science Books, 1986), pp. xxii, 1283 p.
  8. N. Hoghooghi and P. J. Delfyett, “Theoretical and experimental study of a semiconductor resonant cavity linear interferometric intensity modulator,” J. Lightwave Technol.29(22), 3421–3427 (2011). [CrossRef]
  9. R. F. Oulton, V. J. Sorger, T. Zentgraf, R. M. Ma, C. Gladden, L. Dai, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, “Plasmon lasers at deep subwavelength scale,” Nature461(7264), 629–632 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


Fig. 1 Fig. 2 Fig. 3
Fig. 4

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited