OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 20, Iss. 14 — Jul. 2, 2012
  • pp: 15692–15702

A new study on bismuth doped oxide glasses

Wenbin Xu, Mingying Peng, Zhijun Ma, Guoping Dong, and Jianrong Qiu  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 20, Issue 14, pp. 15692-15702 (2012)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (813 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



Spectroscopic properties of bismuth doped borate, silicate and phosphate glasses have been reinvestigated in this work. It shows the typical decay time of Bi3+ is around 500ns rather than 2.7-to-3.9 μs reported by Parke and Webb at room temperature. Introduction of higher content either alkali or alkali earth into borate glasses favors the Bi3+ emission. As the contents increase excitation peak shifts regularly red while emission peak shows reverse trend. This, as revealed by Huang-Rhys factor, is due to the weakening of coupling between bismuth and glass host, and it can be interpreted within the frame of configurational coordinate diagrams. Differently, as bismuth concentration increases, both the excitation and emission shift red. The unknown origin of red emission from bismuth doped calcium or magnesium phosphate glass has been identified as Bi2+ species on the basis of excitation spectrum and emission lifetime particularly after comparing with Bi2+ doped materials. No near infrared (NIR) emission can be detected in these glasses within instrument limit.

© 2012 OSA

OCIS Codes
(160.2540) Materials : Fluorescent and luminescent materials
(160.2750) Materials : Glass and other amorphous materials

ToC Category:

Original Manuscript: May 11, 2012
Revised Manuscript: June 13, 2012
Manuscript Accepted: June 13, 2012
Published: June 26, 2012

Wenbin Xu, Mingying Peng, Zhijun Ma, Guoping Dong, and Jianrong Qiu, "A new study on bismuth doped oxide glasses," Opt. Express 20, 15692-15702 (2012)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. M. Hamstra, H. Folkerts, and G. Blasse, “Materials chemistry communications. Red bismuth emission in alkaline-earth-metal sulfates,” J. Mater. Chem.4(8), 1349–1350 (1994). [CrossRef]
  2. G. Blasse and A. Bril, “Investigations on Bi3 +-activated phosphors,” J. Chem. Phys.48(1), 217–222 (1968). [CrossRef]
  3. G. Blasse, A. Meijerink, M. Nomes, and J. Zuidema, “Unusual bismuth luminescence in strontium tetraborate (SrB4O7:Bi),” J. Phys. Chem. Solids55(2), 171–174 (1994). [CrossRef]
  4. D. van der Voort and G. Blasse, “Luminescence of CaSO4:Bi3+, a small-offset case,” J. Solid State Chem.99(2), 404–408 (1992). [CrossRef]
  5. M. Peng, G. Dong, L. Wondraczek, L. Zhang, N. Zhang, and J. Qiu, “Discussion on the origin of NIR emission from Bi-doped materials,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids357(11-13), 2241–2245 (2011). [CrossRef]
  6. R. Cao, M. Peng, L. Wondraczek, and J. Qiu, “Superbroad near-to-mid-infrared luminescence from Bi53+ in Bi5(AlCl4)3,” Opt. Express20(3), 2562–2571 (2012). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. M. Peng and L. Wondraczek, “Bi2+-doped strontium borates for white-light-emitting diodes,” Opt. Lett.34(19), 2885–2887 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. M. Peng, N. Da, S. Krolikowski, A. Stiegelschmitt, and L. Wondraczek, “Luminescence from Bi2+-activated alkali earth borophosphates for white LEDs,” Opt. Express17(23), 21169–21178 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. M. Peng, B. Sprenger, M. A. Schmidt, H. G. Schwefel, and L. Wondraczek, “Broadband NIR photoluminescence from Bi-doped Ba2P2O7 crystals: insights into the nature of NIR-emitting bismuth centers,” Opt. Express18(12), 12852–12863 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. M. Peng and L. Wondraczek, “Photoluminescence of Sr2P2O7:Bi2+ as a red phosphor for additive light generation,” Opt. Lett.35(15), 2544–2546 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. M. Peng and L. Wondraczek, “Orange-to-red emission from Bi2+ and alkaline earth codoped strontium borate phosphors for white light emitting diodes,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc.93, 1437–1442 (2010).
  12. A. N. Romanov, Z. T. Fattakhova, A. A. Veber, O. V. Usovich, E. V. Haula, V. N. Korchak, V. B. Tsvetkov, L. A. Trusov, P. E. Kazin, and V. B. Sulimov, “On the origin of near-IR luminescence in Bi-doped materials (II) Subvalent monocation Bi^+ and cluster Bi_5 ^3+ luminescence in AlCl_3/ZnCl_2/BiCl_3 chloride glass,” Opt. Express20(7), 7212–7220 (2012). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. M. Peng, J. Qiu, D. Chen, X. Meng, I. Yang, X. Jiang, and C. Zhu, “Bismuth- and aluminum-codoped germanium oxide glasses for super-broadband optical amplification,” Opt. Lett.29(17), 1998–2000 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. M. Peng, J. Qiu, D. Chen, X. Meng, and C. Zhu, “Superbroadband 1310 nm emission from bismuth and tantalum codoped germanium oxide glasses,” Opt. Lett.30(18), 2433–2435 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. M. Peng, J. Qiu, D. Chen, X. Meng, and C. Zhu, “Broadband infrared luminescence from Li2O-Al2O3-ZnO-SiO2 glasses doped with Bi2O3,” Opt. Express13(18), 6892–6898 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. M. Peng, N. Zhang, L. Wondraczek, J. Qiu, Z. Yang, and Q. Zhang, “Ultrabroad NIR luminescence and energy transfer in Bi and Er/Bi co-doped germanate glasses,” Opt. Express19(21), 20799–20807 (2011). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. M. A. Hughes, T. Akada, T. Suzuki, Y. Ohishi, and D. W. Hewak, “Ultrabroad emission from a bismuth doped chalcogenide glass,” Opt. Express17(22), 19345–19355 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. X. Jiang and A. Jha, “An investigation on the dependence of photoluminescence in Bi2O3-doped GeO2 glasses on controlled atmospheres during melting,” Opt. Mater.33(1), 14–18 (2010). [CrossRef]
  19. G. Chi, D. Zhou, Z. Song, and J. Qiu, “Effect of optical basicity on broadband infrared fluorescence in bismuth-doped alkali metal germanate glasses,” Opt. Mater.31(6), 945–948 (2009). [CrossRef]
  20. Z. Song, Z. Yang, D. Zhou, Z. Yin, C. Li, R. Wang, J. Shang, K. Lou, Y. Xu, X. Yu, and J. Qiu, “The effect of P2O5 on the ultra broadband near-infrared luminescence from bismuth-doped SiO2-Al2O3-CaO glass,” J. Lumin.131(12), 2593–2596 (2011). [CrossRef]
  21. Z. Yang, Z. Liu, Z. Song, D. Zhou, Z. Yin, K. Zhu, and J. Qiu, “Influence of optical basicity on broadband near infrared emission in bismuth doped aluminosilicate glasses,” J. Alloy. Comp.509(24), 6816–6818 (2011). [CrossRef]
  22. E. Dianov, V. Dvoyrin, V. Mashinsky, A. Umnikov, M. Yashkov, and A. Gur'yanov, “CW bismuth fibre laser,” Quantum Electron.35(12), 1083–1084 (2005). [CrossRef]
  23. I. A. Bufetov, M. A. Melkumov, S. V. Firstov, A. V. Shubin, S. L. Semenov, V. V. Vel’miskin, A. E. Levchenko, E. G. Firstova, and E. M. Dianov, “Optical gain and laser generation in bismuth-doped silica fibers free of other dopants,” Opt. Lett.36(2), 166–168 (2011). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  24. I. Razdobreev, L. Bigot, V. Pureur, A. Favre, G. Bouwmans, and M. Douay, “Efficient all-fiber bismuth-doped laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett.90(3), 031103 (2007). [CrossRef]
  25. I. Razdobreev and L. Bigot, “On the multiplicity of bismuth active centres in germano-aluminosilicate preform,” Opt. Mater.33(6), 973–977 (2011). [CrossRef]
  26. S. V. Firstov, V. F. Khopin, I. A. Bufetov, E. G. Firstova, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Combined excitation-emission spectroscopy of bismuth active centers in optical fibers,” Opt. Express19(20), 19551–19561 (2011). http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?uri=oe-19-20-19551 [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  27. E. Dianov, A. Shubin, M. Melkumov, O. Medvedkov, and I. Bufetov, “High-power cw bismuth-fiber lasers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B24(8), 1749–1755 (2007). [CrossRef]
  28. S. Firstov, A. Shubin, V. Khopin, M. Mel’kumov, I. Bufetov, O. Medvedkov, A. Gur’yanov, and E. Dianov, “Bismuth-doped germanosilicate fiber laser with 20-W output power at 1460nm,” Quantum Electron.41(7), 581–583 (2011). [CrossRef]
  29. S. Firstov, A. Shubin, V. Khopin, I. Bufetov, A. Gur’yanov, and E. Dianov, “The 20W CW fibre laser at 1460nm based on Si-associated bismuth active centers in germanosilicate fibres,” in: Proc. of 2011 Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO/Europe, Munich, Germany, 2011), paper PDA7.TUE.
  30. A. Luo, Z. Luo, W. Xu, V. Dvoyrin, V. Mashinsky, and E. Dianov, “Tunable and switchable dual-wavelength passively mode-locked Bi-doped all-fiber ring laser based on nonlinear polarization rotation,” Laser Phys. Lett.8(8), 601–605 (2011). [CrossRef]
  31. M. Peng, C. Zollfrank, and L. Wondraczek, “Origin of broad NIR photoluminescence in bismuthate glass and Bi-doped glasses at room temperature,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter21(28), 285106 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  32. J. Ren, D. Chen, G. Yang, Y. Xu, H. Zeng, and G. Chen, “Near infrared broadband emission from bismuth-dysprosium codoped chalcohalide glasses,” Chin. Phys. Lett.24(7), 1958–1960 (2007). [CrossRef]
  33. G. Yang, D. Chen, W. Wang, Y. Xu, H. Zeng, Y. Yang, and G. Chen, “Effects of thermal treatment on broadband near-infrared emission from Bi-doped chalcohalide glasses,” J. Eur. Ceram. Soc.28(16), 3189–3191 (2008). [CrossRef]
  34. M. Peng, D. Chen, J. Qiu, X. Jiang, and C. Zhu, “Bismuth-doped zinc aluminosilicate glasses and glass-ceramics with ultra-broadband infrared luminescence,” Opt. Mater.29(5), 556–561 (2007). [CrossRef]
  35. M. Peng and L. Wondraczek, “Bismuth-doped oxide glasses as potential solar spectral converters and concentrators,” J. Mater. Chem.19(5), 627–630 (2009). [CrossRef]
  36. S. Zhou, W. Lei, N. Jiang, J. Hao, E. Wu, H. Zeng, and J. Qiu, “Space-selective control of luminescence inside the Bi-doped mesoporous silica glass by a femtosecond laser,” J. Mater. Chem.19(26), 4603–4608 (2009). [CrossRef]
  37. M. Peng, Q. Zhao, J. Qiu, and L. Wondraczek, “Generation of emission centers for broadband NIR luminescence in bismuthate glass by femtosecond laser irradiation,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc.92(2), 542–544 (2009). [CrossRef]
  38. G. Blasse and A. van der Steen, “Luminescence characteristics of Bi3+-activated oxides,” Solid State Commun.31(12), 993–994 (1979). [CrossRef]
  39. G. Boulon, B. Moine, and J.-C. Bourcet, “Spectroscopic properties of 3P1 and 3P0 excited states of Bi3+ ions in germanate glass,” Phys. Rev. B22(3), 1163–1169 (1980). [CrossRef]
  40. G. Boulon, B. Moine, J. C. Bourcet, R. Reisefeld, and Y. Kalisky, “Time resolved spectroscopy about 3P1 and 3P0 levels in Bi3+ doped germanate glasses,” J. Lumin.18–19, 924–928 (1979). [CrossRef]
  41. R. Reisfeld and L. Boehm, “Optical properties of bismuth in germanate, borax and phosphate glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids16(1), 83–92 (1974). [CrossRef]
  42. R. Reisfeld and Y. Kalisky, “Energy transfer between Bi3+ and Nd3+ in germanate glass,” Chem. Phys. Lett.50(2), 199–201 (1977). [CrossRef]
  43. S. Parke and R. Webb, “The optical properties of thallium, lead and bismuth in oxide glasses,” J. Phys. Chem. Solids34(1), 85–95 (1973). [CrossRef]
  44. M. Peng, B. Wu, N. Da, C. Wang, D. Chen, C. Zhu, and J. Qiu, “Bismuth-activated luminescent materials for broadband optical amplifier in WDM system,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids354(12-13), 1221–1225 (2008). [CrossRef]
  45. M. Peng, C. Wang, D. Chen, J. Qiu, X. Jiang, and C. Zhu, “Investigations on bismuth and aluminum co-doped germanium oxide glasses for ultra-broadband optical amplification,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids351(30-32), 2388–2393 (2005). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited