OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 20, Iss. 14 — Jul. 2, 2012
  • pp: 15833–15842

Theoretical and experimental research on diversity reception technology in NLOS UV communication system

Dahai Han, Yile Liu, Kai Zhang, Pengfei Luo, and Min Zhang  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 20, Issue 14, pp. 15833-15842 (2012)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (997 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



Diversity reception technology is introduced into ultraviolet communication area in this article with theory analysis and practical experiment. The idea of diversity reception was known as a critical effective method in wireless communication area that improves the Gain significantly especially for the multi-scattering channel. A theoretical modeling and simulation method are proposed to depict the principle and feasibility of diversity reception adopted in UV communication. Besides, an experimental test-bed using ultraviolet LED and dual receiver of photomultiplier tube is setup to characterize the effects of diversity receiving in non-line-of-sight (NLOS) ultraviolet communication system. The experiment results are compared with the theoretical ones to verify the accuracy of theoretical modeling and the effect of diversity reception. Equal gain combining (EGC) method was adopted as the diversity mechanism in this paper. The research results of theory and experiment provide insight into the channel characteristics and achievable capabilities of ultraviolet communication system with diversity receiving method.

© 2012 OSA

OCIS Codes
(060.4510) Fiber optics and optical communications : Optical communications
(060.2605) Fiber optics and optical communications : Free-space optical communication

ToC Category:
Fiber Optics and Optical Communications

Original Manuscript: April 23, 2012
Revised Manuscript: June 20, 2012
Manuscript Accepted: June 20, 2012
Published: June 27, 2012

Dahai Han, Yile Liu, Kai Zhang, Pengfei Luo, and Min Zhang, "Theoretical and experimental research on diversity reception technology in NLOS UV communication system," Opt. Express 20, 15833-15842 (2012)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. G. L. Harvey, “A survey of ultraviolet communication systems,” Naval Research Laboratory Technical Report, Washington D.C., March13, 1964.
  2. D. M. Junge, “Non-line-of-sight electro-optic laser communications in the middle ultraviolet,” M.S. Thesis, Naval Postgraduate School, Monterey, CA, December1977.
  3. D. E. Sunstein, “A scatter communications link at ultraviolet frequencies,” B.S. Thesis, MIT, Cambridge, MA, 1968.
  4. E. S. Fishburne, M. E. Neer, and G. Sandri, “Voice communication via scattered ultraviolet radiation,” final report of Aeronautical Research Associates of Princeton, Inc., NJ, February1976.
  5. W. S. Ross and R. S. Kennedy, “An investigation of atmospheric optically scattered non-line-of-sight communication links,” Army Research Office Project Report, Research Triangle Park, NC, January1980.
  6. J. J. Puschell and R. Bayse, “High data rate ultraviolet communication systems for the tactical battlefield,” Proc. of Tactical Communications Conf., 253–267 (1990). [CrossRef]
  7. Q. He, Z. Xu, and B. M. Sadler, “Performance of short-range non-line-of-sight LED-based ultraviolet communication receivers,” Opt. Express18, 12226–12238 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. H. Zhang, H. Yin, H. Jia, J. Yang, and S. Chang, “Study of effects of obstacle on non-line-of-sight ultraviolet communication links,” Opt. Express19, 21216–21226 (2011). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. D. Kedar and S. Arnon, “Non-line-of-sight optical wireless sensor network operating in multiscattering channel,” Appl. Opt.45(33), 8454–8461 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. S. Arnon and D. Kedar, “Non-line-of-sight underwater optical wireless communication network,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A26(3), 530–539 (2009). [CrossRef]
  11. D. Kedard and S. Arnon, “Subsea ultraviolet solar-blind broadband free-space optics communication,” Opt. Eng.48, 046001 (2009). [CrossRef]
  12. C. Lavigne, G. Durand, and A. Roblin, “Ultraviolet light propagation under low visibility atmospheric conditions and its application to aircraft landing aid,” Appl. Opt.45(36), 9140–9150 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. C. Lavigne, G. Durand, and A. Roblin, “Simulation comparison of aircraft landing performance in foggy conditions aided by different UV sensors,” Appl. Opt.48(12), 2203–2213 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. G. A. Shaw, A. M. Siegel, and J. Model, “Extending the range and performance of non-line-of-sight ultraviolet communication links,” Proc. SPIE62310C, 1–12 (2006).
  15. G. J. Foschini and M. J. Gans, “On limits of wireless Communications in a fading environment when using multiple antennas,” Wireless Pers. Commun.6, 311–335 (1998). [CrossRef]
  16. R. S. Lawrence and J. W. Strohbehn, “A survey of clear-air propagation effects relevant to optical communication,” Proceedings of the IEEE58(10), 1523–1545 (1970). [CrossRef]
  17. R. M. Gagliardi and S. Karp, Optical Communications, 2nd ed. (John Wiley&Sons, 1995).
  18. G. Chen, Z. Xu, H. Ding, and B. M. Sadler, “Path loss modeling and performance trade-off study for short-range non-line-of-sight ultraviolet communications,” Opt. Express17, 3929–3940 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. X. Ma, H. Wu, L. Ji, Q. Zhang, M. Huang, H. Li, D. Yang, H. He, L. Zhang, R. Li, L. Liu, and G. Han, “Vertical distributions of aerosols under different weather conditions in Beiiing,” Meteorological Monthly, 37(9), 1126–1133 (2009).

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited