OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 20, Iss. 14 — Jul. 2, 2012
  • pp: 15899–15907

Ultrabroadband flat dispersion tailoring of dual-slot silicon waveguides

Ming Zhu, Hongjun Liu, Xuefeng Li, Nan Huang, Qibing Sun, Jin Wen, and Zhaolu Wang  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 20, Issue 14, pp. 15899-15907 (2012)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.20.015899


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (1937 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

We propose a new strip/slot hybrid waveguide with double slots, which exhibits a flat and low dispersion over a 1098-nm bandwidth with four zero-dispersion wavelengths. Dispersion of dual-slot silicon waveguide is mainly determined by mode transition from a strip mode to a slot mode rather than by material dispersion. Dispersion tailoring is investigated by tuning different structural parameters of waveguides. Moreover, nonlinear coefficient of dual-slot silicon waveguide and phase-matching condition in FWM are both explored in detail. The dual-slot waveguide can be used to generate supercontinuum with bandwidth extending up to 1630 nm pumped by femtosecond pulses. This waveguide will have a great potential for ultrabroadband signal processing applications from near-infrared region to mid-infrared region.

© 2012 OSA

OCIS Codes
(130.4310) Integrated optics : Nonlinear
(190.4360) Nonlinear optics : Nonlinear optics, devices
(230.7370) Optical devices : Waveguides
(260.2030) Physical optics : Dispersion
(350.4238) Other areas of optics : Nanophotonics and photonic crystals

ToC Category:
Integrated Optics

History
Original Manuscript: May 16, 2012
Revised Manuscript: June 4, 2012
Manuscript Accepted: June 4, 2012
Published: June 27, 2012

Citation
Ming Zhu, Hongjun Liu, Xuefeng Li, Nan Huang, Qibing Sun, Jin Wen, and Zhaolu Wang, "Ultrabroadband flat dispersion tailoring of dual-slot silicon waveguides," Opt. Express 20, 15899-15907 (2012)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-20-14-15899


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. R. A. Soref and J. P. Lorenzo, “Single-crystal silicon: a new material for 1.3 and 1.6 um integrated-optical components,” Electron. Lett.21(21), 953–954 (1985). [CrossRef]
  2. L. Yin and G. P. Agrawal, “Impact of two-photon absorption on self-phase modulation in silicon waveguides,” Opt. Lett.32(14), 2031–2033 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. J. I. Dadap, N. C. Panoiu, X. Chen, I.-W. Hsieh, X. Liu, C. Y. Chou, E. Dulkeith, S. J. McNab, F. Xia, W. M. J. Green, L. Sekaric, Y. A. Vlasov, and R. M. Osgood., “Nonlinear-optical phase modification in dispersion-engineered Si photonic wires,” Opt. Express16(2), 1280–1299 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. X. Liu, J. B. Driscoll, J. I. Dadap, R. M. Osgood, S. Assefa, Y. A. Vlasov, and W. M. J. Green, “Self-phase modulation and nonlinear loss in silicon nanophotonic wires near the mid-infrared two-photon absorption edge,” Opt. Express19(8), 7778–7789 (2011). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. L. Yin, J. Zhang, P. M. Fauchet, and G. P. Agrawal, “Optical switching using nonlinear polarization rotation inside silicon waveguides,” Opt. Lett.34(4), 476–478 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. M. Khorasaninejad and S. S. Saini, “All-optical logic gates using nonlinear effects in silicon-on-insulator waveguides,” Appl. Opt.48(25), F31–F37 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. N. Matsuda, R. Shimizu, Y. Mitsumori, H. Kosaka, A. Sato, H. Yokoyama, K. Yamada, T. Watanabe, T. Tsuchizawa, H. Fukuda, S. Itabashi, and K. Edamatsu, “All-optical phase modulations in a silicon wire waveguide at ultralow light levels,” Appl. Phys. Lett.95(17), 171110 (2009). [CrossRef]
  8. S. Zlatanovic, J. S. Park, S. Moro, J. M. C. Boggio, I. B. Divliansky, N. Alic, S. Mookherjea, and S. Radic, “Mid-infrared wavelength conversion in silicon waveguides using ultracompact telecom-band-derived pump source,” Nat. Photonics4(8), 561–564 (2010). [CrossRef]
  9. Z. Wang, H. Liu, N. Huang, Q. Sun, and J. Wen, “Efficient terahertz-wave generation via four-wave mixing in silicon membrane waveguides,” Opt. Express20(8), 8920–8928 (2012). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. J. Wen, H. Liu, N. Huang, Q. Sun, and W. Zhao, “Widely tunable femtosecond optical parametric oscillator based on silicon-on-insulator waveguides,” Opt. Express20(4), 3490–3498 (2012). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. A. C. Turner-Foster, M. A. Foster, R. Salem, A. L. Gaeta, and M. Lipson, “Frequency conversion over two-thirds of an octave in silicon nanowaveguides,” Opt. Express18(3), 1904–1908 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. Z. Wang, H. Liu, N. Huang, Q. Sun, and J. Wen, “Influence of spectral broadening on femtosecond wavelength conversion based on four-wave mixing in silicon waveguides,” Appl. Opt.50(28), 5430–5436 (2011). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. R. L. Espinola, J. I. Dadap, R. M. Osgood, S. J. McNab, and Y. A. Vlasov, “Raman amplification in ultrasmall silicon-on-insulator wire waveguides,” Opt. Express12(16), 3713–3718 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. R. Claps, V. Raghunathan, D. Dimitropoulos, and B. Jalali, “Anti-Stokes Raman conversion in silicon waveguides,” Opt. Express11(22), 2862–2872 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. H. Rong, Y. H. Kuo, S. Xu, A. Liu, R. Jones, M. Paniccia, O. Cohen, and O. Raday, “Monolithic integrated Raman silicon laser,” Opt. Express14(15), 6705–6712 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. A. D. Bristow, N. Rotenberg, and H. M. van Driel, “Two-photon absorption and Kerr coefficients of silicon for 850–2200 nm,” Appl. Phys. Lett.90(19), 191104 (2007). [CrossRef]
  17. J. Zhang, Q. Lin, G. Piredda, R. W. Boyd, G. P. Agrawal, and P. M. Fauchet, “Anisotropic nonlinear response of silicon in the near-infrared region,” Appl. Phys. Lett.91(7), 071113 (2007). [CrossRef]
  18. L. Yin, Q. Lin, and G. P. Agrawal, “Dispersion tailoring and soliton propagation in silicon waveguides,” Opt. Lett.31(9), 1295–1297 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. Z. Wang, H. Liu, N. Huang, Q. Sun, and J. Wen, “Impact of dispersion profiles of silicon waveguides on optical parametric amplification in the femtosecond regime,” Opt. Express19(24), 24730–24737 (2011). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. X. Liu, W. M. J. Green, X. Chen, I.-W. Hsieh, J. I. Dadap, Y. A. Vlasov, and R. M. Osgood., “Conformal dielectric overlayers for engineering dispersion and effective nonlinearity of silicon nanophotonic wires,” Opt. Lett.33(24), 2889–2891 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  21. B. Kuyken, X. Liu, R. M. Osgood, R. Baets, G. Roelkens, and W. M. J. Green, “Mid-infrared to telecom-band supercontinuum generation in highly nonlinear silicon-on-insulator wire waveguides,” Opt. Express19(21), 20172–20181 (2011). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  22. N. C. Panoiu, X. Chen, and R. M. Osgood., “Modulation instability in silicon photonic nanowires,” Opt. Lett.31(24), 3609–3611 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  23. A. C. Turner, C. Manolatou, B. S. Schmidt, M. Lipson, M. A. Foster, J. E. Sharping, and A. L. Gaeta, “Tailored anomalous group-velocity dispersion in silicon channel waveguides,” Opt. Express14(10), 4357–4362 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  24. X. Zhang, S. Gao, and S. He, “Optimal design of a silicon-on-insulator nanowire waveguide for broadband wavelength conversion,” Prog. Electromagn. Res.89, 183–198 (2009). [CrossRef]
  25. L. Zhang, Q. Lin, Y. Yue, Y. Yan, R. G. Beausoleil, and A. E. Willner, “Silicon waveguide with four zero-dispersion wavelengths and its application in on-chip octave-spanning supercontinuum generation,” Opt. Express20(2), 1685–1690 (2012). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  26. L. Zhang, Y. Yue, R. G. Beausoleil, and A. E. Willner, “Flattened dispersion in silicon slot waveguides,” Opt. Express18(19), 20529–20534 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  27. E. K. Tien, Y. Huang, S. Gao, Q. Song, F. Qian, S. K. Kalyoncu, and O. Boyraz, “Discrete parametric band conversion in silicon for mid-infrared applications,” Opt. Express18(21), 21981–21989 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  28. V. R. Almeida, Q. Xu, C. A. Barrios, and M. Lipson, “Guiding and confining light in void nanostructure,” Opt. Lett.29(11), 1209–1211 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  29. Q. Liu, S. Gao, Z. Li, Y. Xie, and S. He, “Dispersion engineering of a silicon-nanocrystal-based slot waveguide for broadband wavelength conversion,” Appl. Opt.50(9), 1260–1265 (2011). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  30. M. Komatsu, K. Saitoh, and M. Koshiba, “Highly-nonlinear horizontal slot waveguides with low and flat dispersion,” in Silicon and Nano Photonics/Integrated Photonics Research, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper IWH6.
  31. S. H. Yang, M. L. Cooper, P. R. Bandaru, and S. Mookherjea, “Giant birefringence in multi-slotted silicon nanophotonic waveguides,” Opt. Express16(11), 8306–8316 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  32. H. G. Yoo, Y. Fu, D. Riley, J. H. Shin, and P. M. Fauchet, “Birefringence and optical power confinement in horizontal multi-slot waveguides made of Si and SiO2.,” Opt. Express16(12), 8623–8628 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  33. R. Ding, T. Baehr-Jones, W.-J. Kim, B. Boyko, R. Bojko, A. Spott, A. Pomerene, C. Hill, W. Reinhardt, and M. Hochberg, “Low-loss asymmetric strip-loaded slot waveguides in silicon-on-insulator,” Appl. Phys. Lett.98(23), 233303 (2011). [CrossRef]
  34. L. Yin, Q. Lin, and G. P. Agrawal, “Soliton fission and supercontinuum generation in silicon waveguides,” Opt. Lett.32(4), 391–393 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  35. G. P. Agrawal, Lightwave Technology: Components and Devices, (John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2004).
  36. R. Spano, J. V. Galan, P. Sanchis, A. Martinez, J. Martí, and L. Pavesi, “Group velocity dispersion in horizontal slot waveguides filled by Si nanocrystals,” International Conf. on Group IV Photonics, 314–316 (2008).
  37. R. Spano, N. Daldosso, M. Cazzanelli, L. Ferraioli, L. Tartara, J. Yu, V. Degiorgio, E. Giordana, J. M. Fedeli, and L. Pavesi, “Bound electronic and free carrier nonlinearities in Silicon nanocrystals at 1550nm,” Opt. Express17(5), 3941–3950 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  38. N. K. Hon, R. Soref, and B. Jalali, “The third-order nonlinear optical coefficients of Si, Ge, and Si1-xGex in the midwave and longwave infrared,” J. Appl. Phys.110(1), 011301 (2011). [CrossRef]
  39. G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics, 4th ed. (Academic Press, 2006).
  40. J. Wen, H. Liu, N. Huang, Q. Sun, and W. Zhao, “Influence of the initial chirp on the supercontinuum generation in silicon-on-insulator waveguide,” Appl. Phys. B104(4), 867–871 (2011). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited