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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 20, Iss. 15 — Jul. 16, 2012
  • pp: 16450–16470

Theory of high-speed nanolasers and nanoLEDs

Chi-Yu Adrian Ni and Shun Lien Chuang  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 20, Issue 15, pp. 16450-16470 (2012)

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We investigate the intrinsic high speed modulation responses of nanolasers and nanoLEDs using bulk, quantum wells (QWs), and quantum dots (QDs) based on a rigorous rate-equation model, which incorporates the optical energy confinement factor to properly account for the negative permittivity and dispersive metal plasma property. We then investigate the dependence of the bandwidth and the energy per bit on the quality factor and the normalized optical volume. We find out that the conditions for the energy per bit less than 50 fJ/bit and 10 fJ/bit are the normalized optical modal volume less than 20 and 5, respectively. In addition, with a uniform quantum dot size in a nanocavity, quantum-dot metal-cavity nanolasers exhibit the largest bandwidth among three types of active materials, and a low energy per bit. With their insensitivity to temperature, quantum-dot metal-cavity nanolasers are favorable for future high speed light sources.

© 2012 OSA

OCIS Codes
(060.4080) Fiber optics and optical communications : Modulation
(140.3410) Lasers and laser optics : Laser resonators
(230.5590) Optical devices : Quantum-well, -wire and -dot devices
(250.5403) Optoelectronics : Plasmonics
(250.5960) Optoelectronics : Semiconductor lasers

ToC Category:

Original Manuscript: May 3, 2012
Revised Manuscript: June 14, 2012
Manuscript Accepted: June 14, 2012
Published: July 5, 2012

Chi-Yu Adrian Ni and Shun Lien Chuang, "Theory of high-speed nanolasers and nanoLEDs," Opt. Express 20, 16450-16470 (2012)

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