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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 20, Iss. 15 — Jul. 16, 2012
  • pp: 16611–16617

Femtosecond excitation of radial breathing mode in 2-D arrayed GaN nanorods

Hung-Pin Chen, Yueh-Chun Wu, Pierre Adrien Mante, Shang-Ju Tu, Jinn-Kong Sheu, and Chi-Kuang Sun  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 20, Issue 15, pp. 16611-16617 (2012)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.20.016611


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Abstract

Radial breathing oscillation of 2-D arrayed GaN nanorods was successfully excited in rods with different diameters by using femtosecond transient reflectivity measurement. Through analyzing thus measured diameter dependent oscillation frequency, we discovered that modification of the mechanical property appeared in the 2-D arrayed piezoelectric GaN nanorods, fabricated on top of a bulk substrate, when the rod diameter was on the order of or less than 50 nm. Our measurement observed a much reduced elastic stiffness constant (C11) of 193 ± 24 GPa in 35nm diameter nanorods, compared with the 365 ± 2 GPa in bulk GaN. This size-reduction induced mechanical modification would be a critical factor to be considered for future sensing and energy applications. Our study also provides a new spectroscopic method to explore the size-reduction-induced softening effect through the measurement of the radial breathing oscillations.

© 2012 OSA

OCIS Codes
(130.5990) Integrated optics : Semiconductors
(320.5390) Ultrafast optics : Picosecond phenomena
(320.7100) Ultrafast optics : Ultrafast measurements

ToC Category:
Integrated Optics

History
Original Manuscript: April 18, 2012
Revised Manuscript: May 31, 2012
Manuscript Accepted: June 3, 2012
Published: July 9, 2012

Citation
Hung-Pin Chen, Yueh-Chun Wu, Pierre Adrien Mante, Shang-Ju Tu, Jinn-Kong Sheu, and Chi-Kuang Sun, "Femtosecond excitation of radial breathing mode in 2-D arrayed GaN nanorods," Opt. Express 20, 16611-16617 (2012)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-20-15-16611


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