OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 20, Iss. 15 — Jul. 16, 2012
  • pp: 16968–16973

Terahertz generation by optical rectification in uniaxial birefringent crystals

J. D. Rowley, J. K. Wahlstrand, K. T. Zawilski, P. G. Schunemann, N. C. Giles, and A. D. Bristow  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 20, Issue 15, pp. 16968-16973 (2012)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (1067 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



The angular dependence of terahertz (THz) emission from birefringent crystals can differ significantly from that of cubic crystals. Here we consider optical rectification in uniaxial birefringent materials, such as chalcopyrite crystals. The analysis is verified in (110)-cut ZnGeP2 and compared to (zincblende) GaP. Although the crystals share the same nonzero second-order tensor elements, the birefringence in chalcopyrite crystals cause the pump pulse polarization to evolve as it propagates through the crystal, resulting in a drastically different angular dependence in chalcopyrite crystals. The analysis is extended to {012}- and {114}-cut chalcopyrite crystals and predicts more efficient conversion for the {114} crystal cut over the {012}- and {110}-cuts.

© 2012 OSA

OCIS Codes
(190.5970) Nonlinear optics : Semiconductor nonlinear optics including MQW
(260.1440) Physical optics : Birefringence

ToC Category:
Nonlinear Optics

Original Manuscript: May 7, 2012
Revised Manuscript: July 2, 2012
Manuscript Accepted: July 6, 2012
Published: July 11, 2012

J. D. Rowley, J. K. Wahlstrand, K. T. Zawilski, P. G. Schunemann, N. C. Giles, and A. D. Bristow, "Terahertz generation by optical rectification in uniaxial birefringent crystals," Opt. Express 20, 16968-16973 (2012)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. J. Federici and L. Moeller, “Review of terahertz and subterahertz wireless communications,” J. Appl. Phys.107(11), 111101 (2010). [CrossRef]
  2. P. U. Jepsen, D. Cooke, and M. Koch, “Terahertz spectroscopy and imaging modern techniques and applications,” Laser Photon. Rev.5(1), 124–166 (2011). [CrossRef]
  3. K. Yamaguchi, M. Nakajima, and T. Suemoto, “Coherent control of spin precession motion with impulsive magnetic fields of half-cycle terahertz radiation,” Phys. Rev. Lett.105(23), 237201 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. B. Fischer, M. Hoffmann, H. Helm, G. Modjesch, and P. U. Jepsen, “Chemical recognition in terahertz time-domain spectroscopy and imaging,” Semicond. Sci. Technol.20(7), S246–S253 (2005). [CrossRef]
  5. J. Hebling, K.-L. Yeh, M. C. Hoffmann, B. Bartal, and K. A. Nelson, “Generation of high-power terahertz pulses by tilted-pulse-front excitation and their application possibilities,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B25(7), B6–B19 (2008). [CrossRef]
  6. D. Creeden, J. C. McCarthy, P. A. Ketteridge, T. Southward, P. G. Schunemann, J. J. Komiak, W. Dove, and E. P. Chicklis, “Compact fiber-pumped terahertz source based on difference frequency mixing in ZGP,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.13(3), 732–737 (2007). [CrossRef]
  7. J. D. Rowley, J. K. Pierce, A. T. Brant, L. E. Halliburton, N. C. Giles, P. G. Schunemann, and A. D. Bristow, “Broadband terahertz pulse emission from ZnGeP2.,” Opt. Lett.37(5), 788–790 (2012). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. C.-W. Chen, T.-T. Tang, S.-H. Lin, J. Y. Huang, C.-S. Chang, P.-K. Chung, S.-T. Yen, and C.-L. Pan, “Optical properties and potential applications of ε-GaSe at terahertz frequencies,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B26(9), A58–A65 (2009). [CrossRef]
  9. A. Schneider, M. Neis, M. Stillhart, B. Ruiz, R. U. A. Khan, and P. Günter, “Generation of terahertz pulses through optical rectification in organic DAST crystals: theory and experiment,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B23(9), 1822–1835 (2006). [CrossRef]
  10. F. D. Brunner, O.-P. Kwon, S.-J. Kwon, M. Jazbinsek, A. Schneider, and P. Günter, “A hydrogen-bonded organic nonlinear optical crystal for high-efficiency terahertz generation and detection,” Opt. Express16(21), 16496–16508 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. J. L. Shay and J. H. Wernick, Ternary Chalcopyrite Semiconductors: Growth, Electronic Properties, and Applications (Pergamon Press, 1975).
  12. Y.-S. Lee, Principles of Terahertz Science and Technology (Springer Science + Business Media, 2009).
  13. P. Butcher and D. Cotter, The Elements of Nonlinear Optics (Cambridge University Press, 1990).
  14. S. Hargreaves, K. Radhanpura, and R. A. Lewis, “Generation of terahertz radiation by bulk and surface optical rectification from crystal planes of arbitrary orientation,” Phys. Rev. B80(19), 195323 (2009). [CrossRef]
  15. E. D. Palik, ed., Handbook of Optical Constants of Solids (Academic Press, 1998).
  16. K. T. Zawilski, P. G. Schunemann, S. D. Setzler, and T. M. Pollak, “Large aperture single crystal ZnGeP2 for high-energy applications,” J. Cryst. Growth310(7-9), 1891–1896 (2008). [CrossRef]
  17. M. H. Rakowsky, W. K. Kuhn, W. J. Lauderdale, L. E. Halliburton, G. J. Edwards, M. P. Scripsick, P. G. Schunemann, T. M. Pollak, M. C. Ohmer, and F. K. Hopkins, “Electron paramagnetic resonance study of a native acceptor in as-grown ZnGeP2,” Appl. Phys. Lett.64(13), 1615–1617 (1994). [CrossRef]
  18. K. Vodopyanov, “Optical THz-wave generation with periodically-inverted GaAs,” Laser Photon. Rev.2(1-2), 11–25 (2008). [CrossRef]
  19. P. C. M. Planken, H.-K. Nienhuys, H. J. Bakker, and T. Wenckebach, “Measurement and calculation of the orientation dependence of terahertz pulse detection in ZnTe,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B18(3), 313–317 (2001). [CrossRef]
  20. A. Yariv and P. Yeh, Optical Waves in Crystals: Propagation and Control of Laser Radiation (Wiley-Interscience, 1984).

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


Fig. 1 Fig. 2 Fig. 3

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited