OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 20, Iss. 15 — Jul. 16, 2012
  • pp: 17220–17229

Temporal focusing of ultrashort pulsed Bessel beams into Airy–Bessel light bullets

Peeter Piksarv, Heli Valtna-Lukner, Andreas Valdmann, Madis Lõhmus, Roland Matt, and Peeter Saari  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 20, Issue 15, pp. 17220-17229 (2012)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.20.017220


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (1383 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

We present measurements of the impulse response of a circular phase diffraction grating in dependence of the field point location behind it. These measurements were carried out using a white-light spectral interferometry set-up, which employs photonic crystal fibers in both the signal and reference arms, and achieves a few micron spatial and almost one-wave-cycle temporal resolution. Our study shows that the grating as a simple and robust single-element optical device (i) suppresses the material-induced spread of ultrashort pulses, (ii) thereby generates the Airy–Bessel light bullets, and (iii) enables temporal focusing of the pulses at the prescribed propagation depth.

© 2012 OSA

OCIS Codes
(050.1950) Diffraction and gratings : Diffraction gratings
(320.5550) Ultrafast optics : Pulses
(320.7100) Ultrafast optics : Ultrafast measurements

ToC Category:
Ultrafast Optics

History
Original Manuscript: May 25, 2012
Revised Manuscript: July 1, 2012
Manuscript Accepted: July 1, 2012
Published: July 12, 2012

Citation
Peeter Piksarv, Heli Valtna-Lukner, Andreas Valdmann, Madis Lõhmus, Roland Matt, and Peeter Saari, "Temporal focusing of ultrashort pulsed Bessel beams into Airy–Bessel light bullets," Opt. Express 20, 17220-17229 (2012)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-20-15-17220


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. S. Baker, I. A. Walmsley, J. W. G. Tisch, and J. P. Marangos, “Femtosecond to attosecond light pulses from a molecular modulator,” Nat. Photonics5, 664–671 (2011). [CrossRef]
  2. B. Piglosiewicz, D. Sadiq, M. Mascheck, S. Schmidt, M. Silies, P. Vasa, and C. Lienau, “Ultrasmall bullets of light—focusing few-cycle light pulses to the diffraction limit,” Opt. Express19, 14451–14463 (2011). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. T. Kobayashi, J. Liu, and K. Okamura, “Applications of parametric processes to high-quality multicolour ultrashort pulses, pulse cleaning and cep stable sub-3fs pulse,” J. Phys. B.45, 074005 (2012). [CrossRef]
  4. A. L. Cavalieri, E. Goulielmakis, B. Horvath, W. Helml, M. Schultze, M. Fieß, V. Pervak, L. Veisz, V. S. Yakovlev, M. Uiberacker, A. Apolonski, F. Krausz, and R. Kienberger, “Intense 1.5-cycle near infrared laser waveforms and their use for the generation of ultra-broadband soft-x-ray harmonic continua,” New J. Phys.9, 242 (2007). [CrossRef]
  5. R. Trebino, “Measuring the seemingly immeasurable,” Nat. Photonics5, 189–192 (2011). [CrossRef]
  6. I. A. Walmsley and C. Dorrer, “Characterization of ultrashort electromagnetic pulses,” Adv. Opt. Photon.1, 308–437 (2009). [CrossRef]
  7. E. B. Treacy, “Optical pulse compression with diffraction gratings,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.5, 454–458 (1969). [CrossRef]
  8. P. Saari, J. Aaviksoo, A. Freiberg, and K. Timpmann, “Elimination of excess pulse broadening at high spectral resolution of picosecond duration light emission,” Opt. Commun.39, 94–98 (1981). [CrossRef]
  9. R. Imhof and D. Birch, “Distortion of Gaussian pulses by a diffraction grating,” Opt. Commun.42, 83–86 (1982). [CrossRef]
  10. J. Dyson, “Circular and spiral diffraction gratings,” Proc. R. Soc. Lond. A248, 93–106 (1958). [CrossRef]
  11. H. Sõnajalg, M. Rätsep, and P. Saari, “Demonstration of the Bessel-X pulse propagating with strong lateral and longitudinal localization in a dispersive medium,” Opt. Lett.22, 310–312 (1997). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. M. Clerici, D. Faccio, E. Rubino, A. Lotti, A. Couairon, and P. D. Trapani, “Space–time focusing of Bessel-like pulses,” Opt. Lett.35, 3267–3269 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. A. M. Shaarawi and I. M. Besieris, “On the superluminal propagation of X-shaped localized waves,” J. Phys. A.33, 7227–7254 (2000). [CrossRef]
  14. P. Saari and K. Reivelt, “Evidence of X-shaped propagation-invariant localized light waves,” Phys. Rev. Lett.79, 4135–4138 (1997). [CrossRef]
  15. P. Bowlan, H. Valtna-Lukner, M. Lõhmus, P. Piksarv, P. Saari, and R. Trebino, “Measuring the spatiotemporal field of ultrashort Bessel-X pulses,” Opt. Lett.34, 2276–2278 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. O. Mendoza-Yero, B. Alonso, O. Varela, G. Mínguez-Vega, Í. J. Sola, J. Lancis, V. Climent, and L. Roso, “Spatio-temporal characterization of ultrashort pulses diffracted by circularly symmetric hard-edge apertures: theory and experiment,” Opt. Express18, 20900–20911 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. M. Lõhmus, P. Bowlan, P. Piksarv, H. Valtna-Lukner, R. Trebino, and P. Saari, “Diffraction of ultrashort optical pulses from circularly symmetric binary phase gratings,” Opt. Lett37, 1238–1240 (2012). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. S. Akturk, X. Gu, P. Bowlan, and R. Trebino, “Spatio-temporal couplings in ultrashort laser pulses,” J. Opt.12, 093001 (2010). [CrossRef]
  19. P. Bowlan, P. Gabolde, A. Shreenath, K. McGresham, R. Trebino, and S. Akturk, “Crossed-beam spectral interferometry: a simple, high-spectral-resolution method for completely characterizing complex ultrashort pulses in real time,” Opt. Express14, 11892–11900 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. P. Bowlan, P. Gabolde, M. A. Coughlan, R. Trebino, and R. J. Levis, “Measuring the spatiotemporal electric field of ultrashort pulses with high spatial and spectral resolution,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B25, A81–A92 (2008). [CrossRef]
  21. B. Alonso, Í. J. Sola, Ó. Varela, J. Hernández-Toro, C. Méndez, J. S. Román, A. Zaïr, and L. Roso, “Spatiotemporal amplitude-and-phase reconstruction by fourier-transform of interference spectra of high-complex-beams,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B27, 933–940 (2010). [CrossRef]
  22. T. Witting, F. Frank, C. A. Arrell, W. A. Okell, J. P. Marangos, and J. W. G. Tisch, “Characterization of high-intensity sub-4-fs laser pulses using spatially encoded spectral shearing interferometry,” Opt. Lett.36, 1680–1682 (2011). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  23. H. Valtna-Lukner, P. Bowlan, M. Lõhmus, P. Piksarv, R. Trebino, and P. Saari, “Direct spatiotemporal measurements of accelerating ultrashort Bessel-type light bullets,” Opt. Express17, 14948–14955 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  24. P. Saari, P. Bowlan, H. Valtna-Lukner, M. Lõhmus, P. Piksarv, and R. Trebino, “Basic diffraction phenomena in time domain,” Opt. Express18, 11083–11088 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  25. P. Piksarv, P. Bowlan, M. Lõhmus, H. Valtna-Lukner, R. Trebino, and P. Saari, “Diffraction of ultrashort Gaussian pulses within the framework of boundary diffraction wave theory,” J. Opt.14, 015701 (2012). [CrossRef]
  26. Z. Liu and D. Fan, “Propagation of pulsed zeroth-order Bessel beams,” J. Mod. Opt.45, 17–21 (1998). [CrossRef]
  27. W. Hu and H. Guo, “Ultrashort pulsed Bessel beams and spatially induced group-velocity dispersion,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A19, 49–53 (2002). [CrossRef]
  28. M. A. Porras, “Diffraction effects in few-cycle optical pulses,” Phys. Rev. E65, 026606 (2002). [CrossRef]
  29. V. Jarutis, R. Paškauskas, and A. Stabinis, “Focusing of Laguerre–Gaussian beams by axicon,” Opt. Commun.184, 105–112 (2000). [CrossRef]
  30. D. C. O’Shea, T. J. Suleski, A. D. Kathman, and D. W. Prather, Diffractive Optics: Design, Fabrication, and Test (SPIE, 2003).
  31. A. Chong, W. H. Renninger, D. N. Christodoulides, and F. W. Wise, “Airy–Bessel wave packets as versatile linear light bullets,” Nat. Photonics4, 103–106 (2010). [CrossRef]
  32. Z. Ren, H. Jin, Y. Shi, J. Xu, W. Zhou, and H. Wang, “Spatially induced spatiotemporally nonspreading airy–bessel wave packets,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A29, 848–853 (2012). [CrossRef]
  33. J. Piasecki, P. Colombeau, M. Vampouille, C. Froehly, and J. A. Arnaud, “Nouvelle méthode de mesure de la réponse impulsionnelle des fibres optiques,” Appl. Opt.19, 3749–3755 (1980). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  34. C. Sainz, J. E. Calatroni, and G. Tribillon, “Refractometry of liquid samples with spectrally resolved white light interferometry,” Meas. Sci. Technol.1, 356–361 (1990). [CrossRef]
  35. A. P. Kovács, K. Osvay, Z. Bor, and R. Szipöcs, “Group-delay measurement on laser mirrors by spectrally resolved white-light interferometry,” Opt. Lett.20, 788–790 (1995). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  36. A. Börzsönyi, A. Kovács, M. Görbe, and K. Osvay, “Advances and limitations of phase dispersion measurement by spectrally and spatially resolved interferometry,” Opt. Commun.281, 3051–3061 (2008). [CrossRef]
  37. N. Abramson, “Light-in-flight recording by holography,” Opt. Lett.3, 121–123 (1978). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  38. D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Optical coherence tomography,” Science254, 1178–1181 (1991). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  39. M. Roy, P. Svahn, L. Cherel, and C. J. R. Sheppard, “Geometric phase-shifting for low-coherence interference microscopy,” Opt. Laser Eng.37, 631–641 (2002). [CrossRef]
  40. M. Akiba, K. P. Chan, and N. Tanno, “Full-field optical coherence tomography by two-dimensional heterodyne detection with a pair of CCD cameras,” Opt. Lett.28, 816–818 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  41. J. C. Knight, “Photonic crystal fibres,” Nature424, 847–851 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  42. J. Cohen, P. Bowlan, V. Chauhan, P. Vaughan, and R. Trebino, “Measuring extremely complex pulses with time-bandwidth products exceeding 65,000 using multiple-delay crossed-beam spectral interferometry,” Opt. Express18, 24451–24460 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  43. P. Bowlan and R. Trebino, “Using phase diversity for the measurement of the complete spatiotemporal electric field of ultrashort laser pulses,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B29, 244–248 (2012). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

Figures

Fig. 1 Fig. 2 Fig. 3
 
Fig. 4 Fig. 5
 

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited