OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 20, Iss. 16 — Jul. 30, 2012
  • pp: 17962–17972

Pump-to-Stokes relative intensity noise transfer and analytical modeling of mid-infrared silicon Raman lasers

J. Ma and S. Fathpour  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 20, Issue 16, pp. 17962-17972 (2012)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.20.017962


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (1442 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

An analytical model for mid-infrared (mid-IR) silicon Raman lasers (SRLs) is developed. The relative intensity noise (RIN) transfer from the pump to the Stokes in the lasers is also investigated. The analytical model can be used as a versatile and efficient tool for analysis, design and optimization of mid-IR SRLs. It is shown that conversion efficiency of 70% is attainable and the low-frequency RIN transfer may be suppressed to below 1 dB by pumping low-loss waveguides at high intensities.

© 2012 OSA

OCIS Codes
(130.0130) Integrated optics : Integrated optics
(190.5650) Nonlinear optics : Raman effect

ToC Category:
Integrated Optics

History
Original Manuscript: April 5, 2012
Revised Manuscript: June 15, 2012
Manuscript Accepted: July 13, 2012
Published: July 23, 2012

Citation
J. Ma and S. Fathpour, "Pump-to-Stokes relative intensity noise transfer and analytical modeling of mid-infrared silicon Raman lasers," Opt. Express 20, 17962-17972 (2012)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-20-16-17962


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. B. Jalali and S. Fathpour, “Silicon photonics,” J. Lightwave Technol.24(12), 4600–4615 (2006). [CrossRef]
  2. B. Jalali, V. Raghunathan, R. Shori, S. Fathpour, D. Dimitropoulos, and O. Stafsudd, “Prospects for silicon mid-IR Raman lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.12(6), 1618–1627 (2006). [CrossRef]
  3. V. Raghunathan, D. Borlaug, R. R. Rice, and B. Jalali, “Demonstration of a Mid-infrared silicon Raman amplifier,” Opt. Express15(22), 14355–14362 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. D. Borlaug, S. Fathpour, and B. Jalali, “Extreme value statistics in silicon photonics,” IEEE Photon. J.1(1), 33–39 (2009). [CrossRef]
  5. T. Baehr-Jones, A. Spott, R. Ilic, A. Spott, B. Penkov, W. Asher, and M. Hochberg, “Silicon-on sapphire integrated waveguides for the mid-infrared,” Opt. Express18(12), 12127–12135 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. R. Soref, “Mid-infrared photonics in silicon and germanium,” Nat. Photonics4(8), 495–497 (2010). [CrossRef]
  7. X. Liu, R. M. Osgood, Y. A. Vlasov, and W. M. J. Green, “Mid-infrared optical parametric amplifier using silicon nanophotonic waveguides,” Nat. Photonics4(8), 557–560 (2010). [CrossRef]
  8. S. Zlatanovic, J. S. Park, S. Moro, J. M. C. Boggio, I. B. Divliansky, N. Alic, S. Mookherjea, and S. Radic, “Mid-infrared wavelength conversion in silicon waveguides using ultracompact telecom-band-derived pump source,” Nat. Photonics4(8), 561–564 (2010). [CrossRef]
  9. G. Z. Mashanovich, M. M. Milošević, M. Nedeljkovic, N. Owens, B. Xiong, E. J. Teo, and Y. Hu, “Low loss silicon waveguides for the mid-infrared,” Opt. Express19(8), 7112–7119 (2011). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. Z. Cheng, X. Chen, C. Y. Wong, K. Xu, C. K. Y. Fung, Y. M. Chen, and H. K. Tsang, “Mid-infrared grating couplers for silicon-on-sapphire waveguides,” IEEE Photon. J.4(1), 104–113 (2012). [CrossRef]
  11. O. Boyraz and B. Jalali, “Demonstration of a silicon Raman laser,” Opt. Express12(21), 5269–5273 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. H. Rong, R. Jones, A. Liu, O. Cohen, D. Hak, A. Fang, and M. Paniccia, “A continuous-wave Raman silicon laser,” Nature433(7027), 725–728 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. A. Liu, L. Liao, and H. Rong, “Recent development in silicon photonics: 2.5 Gb/s silicon optical modulator and silicon Raman laser,” Proc. SPIE5730, 80–93 (2005). [CrossRef]
  14. X. Chen, N. C. Panoiu, and R. M. Osgood, “Theory of Raman-mediated pulsed amplification in silicon-wire waveguides,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.42(2), 160–170 (2006). [CrossRef]
  15. M. Krause, R. Draheim, H. Renner, and E. Brinkmeyer, “Cascaded silicon Raman lasers as mid-infrared sources,” Electron. Lett.42(21), 1224–1225 (2006). [CrossRef]
  16. M. Krause, H. Renner, and E. Brinkmeyer, “Theory of silicon Raman amplifiers and lasers,” in Silicon Photonics for Telecommunications and Biomedicine, S. Fathpour and B. Jalali, eds. (CRC Press, 2012), pp.131–200.
  17. I. D. Rukhlenko, M. Premaratne, and G. P. Agrawal, “Nonlinear silicon photonics: analytical tools,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.16(1), 200–215 (2010). [CrossRef]
  18. H. Rong, S. Xu, O. Cohen, O. Raday, M. Lee, V. Sih, and M. Paniccia, “A cascaded silicon Raman laser,” Nat. Photonics2(3), 170–174 (2008). [CrossRef]
  19. M. Krause, S. Cierullies, H. Renner, and E. Brinkmeyer, “Pump-to-Stokes RIN transfer in Raman fiber lasers and its impact on the performance of co-pumped Raman amplifiers,” Opt. Commun.260(2), 656–661 (2006). [CrossRef]
  20. X. Sang, D. Dimitropoulos, and B. Jalali, “Influence of pump-to-signal RIN transfer on noise figure in silicon Raman amplifiers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.20(24), 2021–2023 (2008). [CrossRef]
  21. I. D. Rukhlenko, I. Udagedara, M. Premaratne, and G. P. Agrawal, “Effect of free carriers on pump-to-signal noise transfer in silicon Raman amplifiers,” Opt. Lett.35(14), 2343–2345 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  22. X. Liu, X. Sang, B. Yan, K. Wang, C. Yu, and W. Dou, “Influences of pump-to-Stokes RIN transfer on the single order silicon Raman lasers,” J. Optoelectron. Adv. Mater.4, 1284–1288 (2010).
  23. R. Claps, D. Dimitropoulos, V. Raghunathan, Y. Han, and B. Jalali, “Observation of stimulated Raman amplification in silicon waveguides,” Opt. Express11(15), 1731–1739 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  24. S. Pearl, N. Rotenberg, and H. M. van Driel, “Three-photon absorption in silicon for 2300-3300 nm,” Appl. Phys. Lett.93(13), 131102 (2008). [CrossRef]
  25. F. Leplingard, C. Martinelli, S. Borne, L. Lorcy, D. Bayart, F. Castella, P. Chartier, and E. Faou, “Modeling of multiwavelength Raman fiber lasers using a new and fast algorithm,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.16(12), 2601–2603 (2004). [CrossRef]
  26. J. Zhou, J. Chen, X. Li, G. Wu, and Y. Wang, “Exact analytical solution for Raman fiber lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.18(9), 1097–1099 (2006). [CrossRef]
  27. Z. Qin, X. Zhou, Q. Li, H. Wu, and Z. Zhou, “An improved theoretical model of nth-order cascaded Raman fiber lasers,” J. Lightwave Technol.25(6), 1555–1560 (2007). [CrossRef]
  28. S. A. Babin, D. V. Churkin, and E. V. Podivilov, “Intensity interactions in cascades of a two-stage Raman fiber laser,” Opt. Commun.226(1-6), 329–335 (2003). [CrossRef]
  29. C. Huang, Z. Cai, C. Ye, H. Xu, and Z. Luo, “Optimization of dual-wavelength cascaded Raman fiber lasers using an analytic approach,” Opt. Commun.272(2), 414–419 (2007). [CrossRef]
  30. K. Huang, X. Zhou, Z. Qin, H. Wu, and Z. Zhou, “A novel fast numerical algorithm for cascaded Raman fiber laser using the analytic approximate solution,” Opt. Commun.271(1), 257–262 (2007). [CrossRef]
  31. H. Rong, Y.-H. Kuo, S. Xu, A. Liu, R. Jones, M. Paniccia, O. Cohen, and O. Raday, “Monolithic integrated Raman silicon laser,” Opt. Express14(15), 6705–6712 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

Figures

Fig. 1 Fig. 2 Fig. 3
 
Fig. 4 Fig. 5
 

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited