OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 20, Iss. 17 — Aug. 13, 2012
  • pp: 18803–18818

High-energy, in-band pumped erbium doped fiber amplifiers

Ee-Leong Lim, Shaif-ul Alam, and David J. Richardson  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 20, Issue 17, pp. 18803-18818 (2012)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.20.018803


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (1730 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

We have demonstrated and compared high-energy, in-band pumped erbium doped fiber amplifiers operating at 1562.5 nm under both a core pumping scheme (CRS) and a cladding pumping scheme (CLS). The CRS/CLS sources generated smooth, single-peak pulses with maximum pulse energies of ~1.53/1.50 mJ, and corresponding pulse widths of ~176/182 ns respectively, with an M2 of ~1.6 in both cases. However, the conversion efficiency for the CLS was >1.5 times higher than the equivalent CRS variant operating at the same pulse energy due to the lower pump intensity in the CLS that mitigates the detrimental effects of ion concentration quenching. With a longer fiber length in a CLS implementation a pulse energy of ~2.6 mJ is demonstrated with a corresponding M2 of ~4.2. Using numerical simulations we explain that the saturation of pulse energy observed in our experiments is due to saturation of the pump absorption.

© 2012 OSA

OCIS Codes
(060.2410) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fibers, erbium
(140.3510) Lasers and laser optics : Lasers, fiber
(140.4480) Lasers and laser optics : Optical amplifiers

ToC Category:
Lasers and Laser Optics

History
Original Manuscript: June 7, 2012
Revised Manuscript: July 25, 2012
Manuscript Accepted: July 27, 2012
Published: August 1, 2012

Citation
Ee-Leong Lim, Shaif-ul Alam, and David J. Richardson, "High-energy, in-band pumped erbium doped fiber amplifiers," Opt. Express 20, 18803-18818 (2012)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-20-17-18803


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. E. Lallier and D. Papillon-Ruggeri, “High energy pulsed eye-safe fiber amplifier,” CLEO EUROPE (2011).
  2. S. Desmoulins and F. Di Teodoro, “High-gain Er-doped fiber amplifier generating eye-safe MW peak-power, mJ-energy pulses,” Opt. Express16(4), 2431–2437 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. V. N. Philippov, J. K. Sahu, C. A. Codemard, W. A. Clarkson, J.-N. Jang, J. Nilsson, and G. N. Pearson, “All-fiber 1.15-mJ pulsed eye-safe optical source,” Proc. SPIE5335, 1–7 (2004). [CrossRef]
  4. Y. Wang and C.-Q. Xu, “Actively Q-switched fiber lasers: Switching dynamics and nonlinear processes,” Prog. Quantum Electron.31(3-5), 131–216 (2007). [CrossRef]
  5. J. Zhang, V. Fromzel, and M. Dubinskii, “Resonantly cladding-pumped Yb-free Er-doped LMA fiber laser with record high power and efficiency,” Opt. Express19(6), 5574–5578 (2011). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. E. L. Lim, S. Alam, and D. J. Richardson, “Highly efficient, high power, inband-pumped Erbium/Ytterbium-codoped fiber laser,” CLEO (2011).
  7. E. L. Lim, S. U. Alam, and D. J. Richardson, “Optimizing the pumping configuration for the power scaling of in-band pumped erbium doped fiber amplifiers,” Opt. Express20(13), 13886–13895 (2012). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. J. C. Jasapara, M. J. Andrejco, A. DeSantolo, A. D. Yablon, Z. Varallyay, J. W. Nicholson, J. M. Fini, D. J. DiGiovanni, C. Headley, E. Monberg, and F. V. DiMarcello, “Diffraction-limited fundamental mode operation of core-pumped very-large-mode-area Er fiber amplifiers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.15(1), 3–11 (2009). [CrossRef]
  9. N. A. Brilliant, R. J. Beach, A. D. Drobshoff, and S. A. Payne, “Narrow-line ytterbium fiber master-oscillator power amplifier,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B19(5), 981–991 (2002). [CrossRef]
  10. D. Taverner, D. J. Richardson, L. Dong, J. E. Caplen, K. Williams, and R. V. Penty, “158-µJ pulses from a single-transverse-mode, large-mode-area erbium-doped fiber amplifier,” Opt. Lett.22(6), 378–380 (1997). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. V. Kuhn, D. Kracht, J. Neumann, and P. Wessels, “Er-doped photonic crystal fiber amplifier with 70 W of output power,” Opt. Lett.36(16), 3030–3032 (2011). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. Y. Jeong, S. Yoo, C. A. Codemard, J. Nilsson, J. K. Sahu, D. N. Payne, R. Horley, P. W. Turner, L. Hickey, A. Harker, M. Lovelady, and A. Piper, “Erbium: Ytterbium codoped large-core fiber laser with 297-W continuous-wave output power,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.13(3), 573–579 (2007). [CrossRef]
  13. P. C. Becker, N. A. Olsson, and J. R. Simpson, Erbium-doped fiber amplifiers: fundamentals and technology (Academic Press, 1999).
  14. E. L. Lim, S. U. Alam, and D. J. Richardson, “The multipeak phenomena and nonlinear effects in Q-Switched fiber lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.23(23), 1763–1765 (2011). [CrossRef]
  15. M. N. Zervas, A. Marshall, and J. Kim, “Effective absorption in cladding-pumped fibers,” Proc. SPIE7914, 79141T (2011). [CrossRef]
  16. A. E. Siegman, Laser (University Science Books, 1986).
  17. Y. Wang and H. Po, “Dynamic characteristics of double-clad fiber amplifiers for high-power pulse amplification,” J. Lightwave Technol.21(10), 2262–2270 (2003). [CrossRef]
  18. C. C. Ranaud, H. L. Offerhaus, J. A. Alvarez-Chavez, J. Nilsson, W. A. Clarkson, P. W. Turner, D. J. Richardson, and A. B. Grudinin, “Characteristics of Q-switched cladding-pumped ytterbium-doped fiber lasers with different high-energy fiber designs,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.37(2), 199–206 (2001). [CrossRef]
  19. G. Canat, J. C. Mollier, J. P. Bouzinac, G. M. Williams, B. Cole, L. Goldberg, Y. Jaouen, and G. Kulcsar, “Dynamics of high-power erbium-ytterbium fiber amplifiers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B22(11), 2308 (2005). [CrossRef]
  20. J. Nilsson and B. Jaskorzynska, “Modeling and optimization of low-repetition-rate high-energy pulse amplification in cw-pumped erbium-doped fiber amplifiers,” Opt. Lett.18(24), 2099–2101 (1993). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  21. E. Delevaque, T. Georges, M. Monerie, P. Lamouler, and J. F. Bayon, “Modeling of pair-induced quenching in erbium-doped silicate fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.5(1), 73–75 (1993). [CrossRef]
  22. P. Myslinski, D. Nguyen, and J. Chrostowski, “Effects of concentration on the performance of erbium-doped fiber amplifiers,” J. Lightwave Technol.15(1), 112–120 (1997). [CrossRef]
  23. S. Sergeyev, S. Popov, and A. T. Friberg, “Influence of the short-range coordination order of erbium ions on excitation migration and upconversion in multicomponent glasses,” Opt. Lett.30(11), 1258–1260 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  24. S. Sergeyev, S. Popov, D. Khoptyar, A. T. Friberg, and D. Flavin, “Statistical model of migration-assisted upconversion in a high-concentration erbium-doped fiber amplifier,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B23(8), 1540–1543 (2006). [CrossRef]
  25. A. Hardy and R. Oron, “Signal amplification in strongly pumped fiber amplifiers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.33(3), 307–313 (1997). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited