OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 20, Iss. 18 — Aug. 27, 2012
  • pp: 20635–20646

Asymmetric light propagation in chirped photonic crystal waveguides

H. Kurt, D. Yilmaz, A. E. Akosman, and E. Ozbay  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 20, Issue 18, pp. 20635-20646 (2012)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.20.020635


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (1653 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

We report numerical and experimental investigations of asymmetric light propagation in a newly designed photonic structure that is formed by creating a chirped photonic crystal (PC) waveguide. The use of a non-symmetric distribution of unit cells of PC ensures the obtaining of asymmetric light propagation. Properly designing the spatial modulation of a PC waveguide inherently modifies the band structure. That in turn induces asymmetry for the light’s followed path. The investigation of the transmission characteristics of this structure reveals optical diode like transmission behavior. The amount of power collected at the output of the waveguide centerline is different for the forward and backward propagation directions in the designed configuration. The advantageous properties of the proposed approach are the linear optic concept, compact configuration and compatibility with the integrated photonics. These features are expected to hold great potential for implementing practical optical rectifier-type devices.

© 2012 OSA

OCIS Codes
(120.7000) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Transmission
(130.0130) Integrated optics : Integrated optics
(130.5296) Integrated optics : Photonic crystal waveguides
(230.5298) Optical devices : Photonic crystals

ToC Category:
Photonic Crystals

History
Original Manuscript: June 28, 2012
Revised Manuscript: August 8, 2012
Manuscript Accepted: August 11, 2012
Published: August 23, 2012

Citation
H. Kurt, D. Yilmaz, A. E. Akosman, and E. Ozbay, "Asymmetric light propagation in chirped photonic crystal waveguides," Opt. Express 20, 20635-20646 (2012)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-20-18-20635


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. M. Scalora, J. P. Dowling, C. M. Bowden, and M. J. Bloemer, “The photonic band edge optical diode,” J. Appl. Phys.76(4), 2023–2026 (1994). [CrossRef]
  2. M. D. Tocci, M. J. Bloemer, M. Scalora, J. P. Dowling, and C. M. Bowden, “Thin film nonlinear optical diode,” Appl. Phys. Lett.66(18), 2324–2326 (1995). [CrossRef]
  3. F. Biancalana, “All-optical diode action with quasiperiodic photonic crystals,” J. Appl. Phys.104(9), 093113 (2008). [CrossRef]
  4. A. E. Serebryannikov, “One-way diffraction effects in photonic crystal gratings made of isotropic materials,” Phys. Rev. B80, 155117 (2009). [CrossRef]
  5. A. O. Cakmak, E. Colak, A. E. Serebryannikov, and E. Ozbay, “Unidirectional transmission in photonic-crystal gratings at beam-type illumination,” Opt. Express18(21), 22283–22298 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. M. J. Lockyear, A. P. Hibbins, K. R. White, and J. R. Sambles, “One-way diffraction grating,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys.74(5), 056611 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. W.-M. Ye, X.-D. Yuan, C.-C. Guo, and C. Zen, “Unidirectional transmission in non-symmetric gratings made of isotropic material,” Opt. Express18(8), 7590–7595 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. Z. Yu, G. Veronis, Z. Wang, and S. Fan, “One-way electromagnetic waveguide formed at the interface between a plasmonic metal under a static magnetic field and a photonic crystal,” Phys. Rev. Lett.100(2), 023902 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. Z. Wang, Y. Chong, J. D. Joannopoulos, and M. Soljacić, “Observation of unidirectional backscattering-immune topological electromagnetic states,” Nature461(7265), 772–775 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. H. Takeda and S. John, “Compact optical one-way waveguide isolators for photonic-band-gap microchips,” Phys. Rev. A78(2), 023804 (2008). [CrossRef]
  11. Z. Yu and S. Fan, “Complete optical isolation created by indirect interband photonic transitions,” Nat. Photonics3(2), 91–94 (2009). [CrossRef]
  12. X.-F. Li, X. Ni, L. Feng, M.-H. Lu, C. He, and Y.-F. Chen, “Tunable Unidirectional Sound Propagation through a Sonic-Crystal-Based Acoustic Diode,” Phys. Rev. Lett.106(8), 084301 (2011). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. Z. He, S. Peng, Y. Ye, Z. Dai, C. Qiu, M. Ke, and Z. Liu, “Asymmetric acoustic gratings,” Appl. Phys. Lett.98(8), 083505 (2011). [CrossRef]
  14. C. Wang, C.-Z. Zhou, and Z. Y. Li, “On-chip optical diode based on silicon photonic crystal heterojunctions,” Opt. Express19(27), 26948–26955 (2011). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. S. Johnson and J. Joannopoulos, “Block-iterative frequency-domain methods for Maxwell’s equations in a planewave basis,” Opt. Express8(3), 173–190 (2001). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. A. F. Oskooi, D. Roundy, M. Ibanescu, P. Bermel, J. D. Joannopoulos, and S. G. Johnson, “MEEP: A flexible free-software package for electromagnetic simulations by the FDTD method,” Comput. Phys. Commun.181(3), 687–702 (2010). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited