OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 20, Iss. 19 — Sep. 10, 2012
  • pp: 21214–21222

High quality factor 1-D Er3+-activated dielectric microcavity fabricated by RF-sputtering

Sreeramulu Valligatla, Alessandro Chiasera, Stefano Varas, Nicola Bazzanella, D. Narayana Rao, Giancarlo C. Righini, and Maurizio Ferrari  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 20, Issue 19, pp. 21214-21222 (2012)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.20.021214


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (2337 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

Rare earth-activated 1-D photonic crystals were fabricated by RF-sputtering technique. The cavity is constituted by an Er3+-doped SiO2 active layer inserted between two Bragg reflectors consisting of ten pairs of SiO2/TiO2 layers. Scanning electron microscopy is employed to put in evidence the quality of the sample, the homogeneities of the layers thickness and the good adhesion among them. Near infrared transmittance and variable angle reflectance spectra confirm the presence of a stop band from 1500 nm to 2000 nm with a cavity resonance centered at 1749 nm at 0° and a quality factor of 890. The influence of the cavity on the 4I13/24I15/2 emission band of Er3+ ion is also demonstrated.

© 2012 OSA

OCIS Codes
(160.4760) Materials : Optical properties
(160.5690) Materials : Rare-earth-doped materials
(250.5230) Optoelectronics : Photoluminescence
(310.1860) Thin films : Deposition and fabrication
(140.3945) Lasers and laser optics : Microcavities
(050.5298) Diffraction and gratings : Photonic crystals

ToC Category:
Photonic Crystals

History
Original Manuscript: July 17, 2012
Revised Manuscript: August 7, 2012
Manuscript Accepted: August 9, 2012
Published: August 31, 2012

Citation
Sreeramulu Valligatla, Alessandro Chiasera, Stefano Varas, Nicola Bazzanella, D. Narayana Rao, Giancarlo C. Righini, and Maurizio Ferrari, "High quality factor 1-D Er3+-activated dielectric microcavity fabricated by RF-sputtering," Opt. Express 20, 21214-21222 (2012)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-20-19-21214


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. A. Chiappini, A. Chiasera, S. Berneschi, C. Armellini, A. Carpentiero, M. Mazzola, E. Moser, S. Varas, G. C. Righini, and M. Ferrari, “Sol-gel-derived photonic structures: fabrication, assessment, and application,” J. Sol-Gel Sci. Technol.60(3), 408–425 (2011). [CrossRef]
  2. T. Yoshie, L. Tang, and S.-Y. Su, “Optical microcavity: sensing down to single molecules and atoms,” Sensors (Basel Switzerland)11(2), 1972–1991 (2011). [CrossRef]
  3. V. E. Ferry, A. Polman, and H. A. Atwater, “Modeling light trapping in nanostructured solar cells,” ACS Nano5(12), 10055–10064 (2011). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. M. Ferrari and G. C. Righini, Physics and Chemistry of Rare-Earth Ions Doped Glasses (Trans Tech Publishers, 2008), Chap 3.
  5. C. M. Johnson, P. J. Reece, and G. J. Conibeer, “Slow-light-enhanced upconversion for photovoltaic applications in one-dimensional photonic crystals,” Opt. Lett.36(20), 3990–3992 (2011). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. M. Clara Gonçalves, L. M. Fortes, R. M. Almeida, A. Chiasera, A. Chiappini, M. Ferrari, and S. Bhaktha, “Photoluminescence in Er3+/Yb3+ -doped silica-titania inverse opal structures,” J. Sol-Gel Sci. Technol.55, 52–58 (2010).
  7. G. C. Righini, Y. Dumeige, P. Féron, M. Ferrari, G. Nunzi Conti, D. Ristic, and S. Soria, “Whispering gallery mode microresonators: fundamentals and applications,” Riv. Nuovo Cim.34, 435–488 (2011).
  8. H. Rigneault, C. Amra, S. Robert, C. Begon, F. Lamarque, B. Jacquier, P. Moretti, A. M. Jurdyc, and A. Belarouci, “Spontaneous emission into planar multi-dielectric microcavities: theoretical and experimental analysis of rare earth ion radiations,” Opt. Mater.11(2-3), 167–180 (1999). [CrossRef]
  9. A. Chiasera, R. Belli, S. N. B. Bhaktha, A. Chiappini, M. Ferrari, Y. Jestin, E. Moser, G. C. Righini, and C. Tosello, “High quality factor Er3+-activated dielectric microcavity fabricated by RF-sputtering,” Appl. Phys. Lett.89(17), 171910 (2006). [CrossRef]
  10. Y. Li, L. M. Fortes, A. Chiappini, M. Ferrari, and R. M. Almeida, “High quality factor Er-doped Fabry-Perot microcavities by sol-gel processing,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys.42(20), 205104 (2009). [CrossRef]
  11. J. Jasieniak, C. Sada, A. Chiasera, M. Ferrari, A. Martucci, and P. Mulvaney, “Sol-gel based vertical optical microcavities with quantum dot defect layers,” Adv. Funct. Mater.18(23), 3772–3779 (2008). [CrossRef]
  12. L. Persano, P. D. Carro, E. Mele, R. Cingolani, D. Pisignano, M. Zavelani-Rossi, S. Longhi, and G. Lanzani, “Monolithic polymer microcavity lasers with on-top evaporated dielectric mirrors,” Appl. Phys. Lett.88(12), 121110 (2006). [CrossRef]
  13. S. F. Chichibu, T. Ohmori, N. Shibata, and T. Koyama, “Dielectric SiO2/ZrO2 distributed Bragg reflectors for ZnO microcavities prepared by the reactive helicon-wave-excited-plasma sputtering method,” Appl. Phys. Lett.88(16), 161914 (2006). [CrossRef]
  14. Y. Li and R. M. Almeida, “Photoluminescence from a Tb-doped photonic crystal microcavity for white light generation,” J. Phys. D43(45), 455101 (2010). [CrossRef]
  15. G. Ma, J. Shen, Z. Zhang, Z. Hua, and S. H. Tang, “Ultrafast all-optical switching in one-dimensional photonic crystal with two defects,” Opt. Express14(2), 858–865 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. Y. G. Boucher, A. Chiasera, M. Ferrari, and G. C. Righini, “Photoluminescence spectra of an optically pumped erbium-doped micro-cavity with SiO2/TiO2 distributed Bragg reflectors,” J. Lumin.129(12), 1989–1993 (2009). [CrossRef]
  17. A. Wajid, “On the accuracy of the quartz-crystal microbalance (QCM) in thin-film depositions,” Sens. Actuators A Phys.63(1), 41–46 (1997). [CrossRef]
  18. S. Boyadzhiev, V. Georgieval, and M. Rassovska, “Characterization of reactive sputtered TiO2 thin films for gas sensor applications,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser.253,012040 (2010).
  19. S. J. L. Ribeiro, Y. Messaddeq, R. R. Gonçalves, M. Ferrari, M. Montagna, and M. A. Aegerter, “Low optical loss planar waveguides prepared by an organic-inorganic hybrid system,” Appl. Phys. Lett.77(22), 3502–3504 (2000). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

Figures

Fig. 1 Fig. 2 Fig. 3
 
Fig. 4 Fig. 5
 

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited