OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 20, Iss. 19 — Sep. 10, 2012
  • pp: 21656–21664

Tunable luminescence Y3Al5O12:0.06Ce3+, xMn2+ phosphors with different charge compensators for warm white light emitting diodes

Yurong Shi, Yuhua Wang, Yan Wen, Zhengyan Zhao, Bitao Liu, and Zhigang Yang  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 20, Issue 19, pp. 21656-21664 (2012)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (2688 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



Abstract: Y3Al5O12:0.06Ce3+, xMn2+ (YAG:0.06Ce,xMn) phosphors have been synthesized and the effect of different charge compensators on the color adjustment has been investigated for the first time. The luminescence properties of Mn2+ singly doped and co-doped with Ce3+ into YAG host have been discussed. It is observed that in singly doped sample, Mn2+ ions not only occupy two kinds of Al3+ sites to generate a yellow and a deep red emission bands, but also occupy Y3+ sites to obtain a green emission band in YAG host. Considering Mn2+ substitution for Al3+, quadrivalence ions including Zr4+, Ge4+ and Si4+ ions are introduced to balance the charge difference. The results show that Si4+ as charge compensator exhibits the best tunable effect on controlling the Mn2+ emissions in YAG:0.06Ce, xMn. In Si4+-Mn2+ co-doped samples, the emission color can be tuned from greenish-yellow to red with increasing the content of Mn2+. The Commission International de L’Eclairage (CIE) chromaticity coordinates are also investigated.

© 2012 OSA

OCIS Codes
(160.2540) Materials : Fluorescent and luminescent materials
(250.5230) Optoelectronics : Photoluminescence

ToC Category:
Optical Devices

Original Manuscript: June 20, 2012
Revised Manuscript: July 28, 2012
Manuscript Accepted: July 31, 2012
Published: September 6, 2012

Yurong Shi, Yuhua Wang, Yan Wen, Zhengyan Zhao, Bitao Liu, and Zhigang Yang, "Tunable luminescence Y3Al5O12:0.06Ce3+, xMn2+ phosphors with different charge compensators for warm white light emitting diodes," Opt. Express 20, 21656-21664 (2012)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. C. Feldmann, T. Justel, C. R. Ronda, and P. J. Schmidt, “Inorganic luminescent materials: 100 years of research and application,” Adv. Funct. Mater.13(7), 511–516 (2003). [CrossRef]
  2. H. A. Höppe, “Recent developments in the field of inorganic phosphors,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl.48(20), 3572–3582 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. M. Born and T. Justel, Umweltfreundliche Lichtquellen (Physik Journal, 2003).
  4. A. A. Setlur, W. J. Heward, M. E. Hannah, and U. Happek, “Incorporation of Si4+-N3- into Ce3+-doped garnets for warm white LED phosphors,” Chem. Mater.20(19), 6277–6283 (2008). [CrossRef]
  5. H. Jang, W. Im, D. Lee, D. Jeon, and S. Kim, “Enhancement of red spectral emission intensity of Y3Al5O12:Ce3+ phosphor via co-doping and Tb substitution for the application to white LEDs,” J. Lumin.126(2), 371–377 (2007). [CrossRef]
  6. L. Wang, X. Zhang, Z. D. Hao, Y. S. Luo, X. J. Wang, and J. H. Zhang, “Enriching red emission of Y3Al5O12: Ce3+ by codoping Pr3+ and Cr3+ for improving color rendering of white LEDs,” Opt. Express18(24), 25177–25182 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. H. Yang and Y. Kim, “Energy transfer-based spectral properties of Tb-, Pr-, or Sm- codoped YAG:Ce nanocrystalline phosohors,” J. Lumin.128(10), 1570–1576 (2008). [CrossRef]
  8. W. D. Wang, J. K. Tang, S. T. Hsu, J. Wang, and B. P. Sullivan, “Energy transfer and enriched emission spectrum in Cr and Ce co-doped Y3Al5O12 yellow phosphors,” Chem. Phys. Lett.457(1–3), 103–105 (2008). [CrossRef]
  9. Y. X. Pan, M. M. Wu, and Q. Su, “Tailored photoluminescence of YAG:Ce phosphor through various methods,” J. Phys. Chem. Solids65(5), 845–850 (2004). [CrossRef]
  10. A. Katelnikovas, H. Bettentrup, D. Uhlich, S. Sakirzanovas, T. Justel, and A. Kareiva, “Synthesis and optical properties of Ce3+-doped Y3Mg2AlSi2O12 phosphors,” J. Lumin.129(11), 1356–1361 (2009). [CrossRef]
  11. Y. F. Liu, X. Zhang, Z. D. Hao, X. J. Wang, and J. H. Zhang, “Tunable full-color-emitting Ca3Sc2Si3O12:Ce3+, Mn2+ phosphor via charge compensation and energy transfer,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.)47(38), 10677–10679 (2011). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. Y. F. Liu, X. Zhang, Z. D. Hao, Y. S. Luo, X. J. Wang, and J. H. Zhang, “Generating yellow and red emissions by co-doping Mn2+ to substitute for Ca2+ and Sc3+ sites in Ca3Sc2Si3O12:Ce3+ green emitting phosphor for white LED applications,” J. Mater. Chem.21(41), 16379–16384 (2011). [CrossRef]
  13. T. Obonai, C. Hidaka, and T. Takizawa, “Energy transfer from rare-earth element to Mn in (Ca,Sr)Ga2S4 compounds,” Phys. Status Solidi A206(5), 1026–1029 (2009) (s.). [CrossRef]
  14. N. Guo, Y. J. Huang, H. P. You, M. Yang, Y. H. Song, K. Liu, and Y. H. Zheng, “Ca9Lu(PO4)7:Eu2+,Mn2+: a potential single-phased white-light-emitting phosphors suitable for white-light-emitting diodes,” Inorg. Chem.49(23), 10907–10913 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. X. Wang, D. Jia, and W. Yen, “Mn2+ activated green, yellow, and red long persistent phosphors,” J. Lumin.102–103, 34–37 (2003). [CrossRef]
  16. D. T. Palumbo and J. J. Brown, “Electronic states of Mn2+-activated phosphors,” J. Electrochem. Soc.118(7), 1159–1164 (1971). [CrossRef]
  17. G. G. Li, D. L. Geng, M. M. Shang, C. Peng, Z. Y. Cheng, and J. Lin, “Tunable luminescence of Ce3+/Mn2+-coactivated Ca2Gd8(SiO4)6O2 through energy transfer and modulation of excitation: potential single-phase white/yellow-emitting phosphors,” J. Mater. Chem.21(35), 13334–13344 (2011). [CrossRef]
  18. S. H. Yang and C. Y. Lu, “Influence of doping and coating on the photoluminescence properties of yttrium aluminum garnet phosphors,” J. Electrochem. Soc.154(12), J397–J401 (2007). [CrossRef]
  19. V. Singh, R. P. S. Chakradhar, J. L. Rao, and H. Y. Kwak, “Green luminescence and EPR studies on Mn-activated yttrium aluminum garnet phosphor,” Appl. Phys. B98(2–3), 407–415 (2010). [CrossRef]
  20. Z. F. Mu, Y. H. Hu, H. Y. Wu, C. J. Fu, and F. W. Kang, “The structure and luminescence properties of a novel orange emitting phosphor Y3MnxAl5-2xSixO12,” Physica B406(4), 864–868 (2011). [CrossRef]
  21. S. Geller, “Crystal chemistry of the garnets,” Z. Kristallogr.125(125), 1–47 (1967). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited