OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 20, Iss. 2 — Jan. 16, 2012
  • pp: 1360–1369

Mitigation of intra-channel nonlinearities using a frequency-domain Volterra series equalizer

Fernando P. Guiomar, Jacklyn D. Reis, António L. Teixeira, and Armando N. Pinto  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 20, Issue 2, pp. 1360-1369 (2012)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.20.001360


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (1645 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

We address the issue of intra-channel nonlinear compensation using a Volterra series nonlinear equalizer based on an analytical closed-form solution for the 3rd order Volterra kernel in frequency-domain. The performance of the method is investigated through numerical simulations for a single-channel optical system using a 20 Gbaud NRZ-QPSK test signal propagated over 1600 km of both standard single-mode fiber and non-zero dispersion shifted fiber. We carry on performance and computational effort comparisons with the well-known backward propagation split-step Fourier (BP-SSF) method. The alias-free frequency-domain implementation of the Volterra series nonlinear equalizer makes it an attractive approach to work at low sampling rates, enabling to surpass the maximum performance of BP-SSF at 2× oversampling. Linear and nonlinear equalization can be treated independently, providing more flexibility to the equalization subsystem. The parallel structure of the algorithm is also a key advantage in terms of real-time implementation.

© 2011 OSA

OCIS Codes
(060.1660) Fiber optics and optical communications : Coherent communications
(060.2330) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber optics communications

ToC Category:
Fibers, Fiber Devices, and Amplifiers

History
Original Manuscript: October 3, 2011
Revised Manuscript: December 17, 2011
Manuscript Accepted: December 19, 2011
Published: January 9, 2012

Virtual Issues
European Conference on Optical Communication 2011 (2011) Optics Express

Citation
Fernando P. Guiomar, Jacklyn D. Reis, António L. Teixeira, and Armando N. Pinto, "Mitigation of intra-channel nonlinearities using a frequency-domain Volterra series equalizer," Opt. Express 20, 1360-1369 (2012)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-20-2-1360


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. E. Ip and J. M. Kahn, “Compensation of dispersion and nonlinear impairments using digital backpropagation,” J. Lightwave Technol.26(20), 3416–3425 (2008). http://www.opticsinfobase.org/jlt/abstract.cfm?URI=jlt-26-20-3416 [CrossRef]
  2. X. Li, X. Chen, G. Goldfarb, E. Mateo, I. Kim, F. Yaman, and G. Li, “Electronic post-compensation of WDM transmission impairments using coherent detection and digital signal processing,” Opt. Express16(2), 880–888 (2008). http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-16-2-880 [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. M. Schetzen, The Volterra and Wiener Theories of Nonlinear Systems (Wiley, 1989).
  4. C. Xia and W. Rosenkranz, “Nonlinear electrical equalization for different modulation formats with optical filtering,” J. Lightwave Technol.25(4), 996–1001 (2007). http://www.opticsinfobase.org/jlt/abstract.cfm?URI=jlt-25-4-996 [CrossRef]
  5. Y. Gao, F. Zgang, L. Dou, Z. Chen, and A. Xu, “Intra-channel nonlinearities mitigation in pseudo-linear coherent QPSK transmission systems via nonlinear electrical equalizer,” Opt. Commun.282(12), 2421–2425 (2009). [CrossRef]
  6. Z. Pan, B. Châtelain, M. Chagnon, and D. V. Plant, “Volterra filtering for nonlinearity impairment mitigation in DP-16QAM and DP-QPSK fiber optic communication systems,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper JThA040. http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OFC-2011-JThA040
  7. R. Weidenfeld, M. Nazarathy, R. Noe, and I. Shpantzer, “Volterra nonlinear compensation of 100G coherent OFDM with baud-rate ADC, tolerable complexity and low intra-channel FWM/XPM error propagation,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper OTuE3. http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OFC-2010-OTuE3
  8. K. Peddanarappagari and M. Brandt-Pearce, “Volterra series transfer function of single-mode fibers,” J. Light-wave Technol.15(12), 2232–2241 (1997). [CrossRef]
  9. J. D. Reis and A. L. Teixeira, “Unveiling nonlinear effects in dense coherent optical WDM systems with Volterra series,” Opt. Express18(8), 8660–8670 (2010). http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-18-8-8660 [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. F. P. Guiomar, J. D. Reis, A. L. Teixeira, and A. N. Pinto, “Digital postcompensation using Volterra series transfer function,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.23(19), 1412–1414 (2011). [CrossRef]
  11. B. Xu and M. Brandt-Pearce, “Modified Volterra series transfer function method,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.14(1), 47–49 (2002). [CrossRef]
  12. L. B. Du and A. J. Lowery, “Improved single channel backpropagation for intra-channel fiber nonlinearity compensation in long-haul optical communication systems,” Opt. Express18(16), 17075–17088 (2010). http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-18-16-17075 [CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited