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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 20, Iss. 2 — Jan. 16, 2012
  • pp: 1575–1587

Evaporation kinetics of laser heated silica in reactive and inert gases based on near-equilibrium dynamics

Selim Elhadj, Manyalibo J. Matthews, Steven T. Yang, and Diane J. Cooke  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 20, Issue 2, pp. 1575-1587 (2012)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.20.001575


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Abstract

Evaporation kinetics of fused silica were measured up to ≈3000K using CO2 laser heating, while solid-gas phase chemistry of silica was assessed with hydrogen, air, and nitrogen. Enhanced evaporation in hydrogen was attributed to an additional reduction pathway, while oxidizing conditions pushed the reaction backwards. The observed mass transport limitations supported use of a near-equilibrium analysis for interpreting kinetic data. A semi-empirical model of the evaporation kinetics is derived that accounts for heating, gas chemistry and transport properties. The approach described should have application to materials laser processing, and in applications requiring knowledge of thermal decomposition chemistry under extreme temperatures.

© 2012 OSA

OCIS Codes
(000.6850) General : Thermodynamics
(140.3070) Lasers and laser optics : Infrared and far-infrared lasers
(160.2750) Materials : Glass and other amorphous materials
(160.4670) Materials : Optical materials
(160.6030) Materials : Silica
(350.3390) Other areas of optics : Laser materials processing
(350.3450) Other areas of optics : Laser-induced chemistry
(280.6780) Remote sensing and sensors : Temperature

ToC Category:
Laser Materials Processing

History
Original Manuscript: November 10, 2011
Revised Manuscript: December 15, 2011
Manuscript Accepted: December 16, 2011
Published: January 10, 2012

Citation
Selim Elhadj, Manyalibo J. Matthews, Steven T. Yang, and Diane J. Cooke, "Evaporation kinetics of laser heated silica in reactive and inert gases based on near-equilibrium dynamics," Opt. Express 20, 1575-1587 (2012)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-20-2-1575


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