OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 20, Iss. 2 — Jan. 16, 2012
  • pp: 1783–1789

Flexible OTDM to WDM converter enabled by a programmable optical processor

Miguel V. Drummond, António L.J. Teixeira, Paulo P. Monteiro, and Rogério N. Nogueira  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 20, Issue 2, pp. 1783-1789 (2012)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (1124 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



We propose an OTDM to WDM converter which enables wavelength tunability, flexible OTDM tributary to WDM channel mapping and modulation format transparency. The converted signals are obtained by four-wave mixing (FWM) the input 160 Gb/s OTDM signal with a multi-wavelength sampling pulse train (SPT). The generation of the multi-wavelength SPT starts by multicasting an optical clock signal. The multicast pulses are then individually delayed and reshaped by a programmable optical processor (POP), resulting in flexible generation of the SPT. Error-free performance was achieved in different OTDM tributary to WDM channel mappings. In addition, intermediate rate conversion (2x80 Gb/s) was also achieved simply by reconfiguring the POP.

© 2012 OSA

OCIS Codes
(060.4510) Fiber optics and optical communications : Optical communications
(190.4380) Nonlinear optics : Nonlinear optics, four-wave mixing

ToC Category:
Fibers, Fiber Devices, and Amplifiers

Original Manuscript: September 13, 2011
Revised Manuscript: December 2, 2011
Manuscript Accepted: December 7, 2011
Published: January 12, 2012

Virtual Issues
European Conference on Optical Communication 2011 (2011) Optics Express

Miguel V. Drummond, António L.J. Teixeira, Paulo P. Monteiro, and Rogério N. Nogueira, "Flexible OTDM to WDM converter enabled by a programmable optical processor," Opt. Express 20, 1783-1789 (2012)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. M. S. Alfiad, M. Kuschnerov, S. L. Jansen, T. Wuth, D. van den Borne, and H. de Waardt, “11x224-Gb/s POLMUX-RZ-16QAM Transmission Over 670 km of SSMF With 50-GHz Channel Spacing,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(15), 1150–1152 (2010). [CrossRef]
  2. H. C. H. Mulvad, M. Galili, L. K. Oxenløwe, H. Hu, A. T. Clausen, J. B. Jensen, C. Peucheret, and P. Jeppesen, “Demonstration of 5.1 Tbit/s data capacity on a single-wavelength channel,” Opt. Express 18(2), 1438–1443 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. L. K. Oxenløwe, M. Galili, H. C. Mulvad, H. Hu, H. Ji, J. Xu, E. Palushani, J. Areal, A. Clausen, and P. Jeppesen, “Ultra-high-speed optical signal processing of Tbaud data signals,” in Proc. ECOC’10(2010), paper Mo.1.A.1.
  4. T. Hirooka, M. Okazaki, T. Hirano, P. Guan, M. Nakazawa, and S. Nakamura, “All-Optical Demultiplexing of 640-Gb/s OTDM-DPSK Signal Using a Semiconductor SMZ Switch,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(20), 1574–1576 (2009). [CrossRef]
  5. H. Hu, H. C. H. Mulvad, M. Galili, E. Palushani, J. Xu, A. T. Clausen, L. K. Oxenløwe, and P. Jeppesen, “Polarization-Insensitive 640 Gb/s Demultiplexing Based on Four Wave Mixing in a Polarization-Maintaining Fibre Loop,” J. Lightwave Technol. 28(12), 1789–1795 (2010). [CrossRef]
  6. T. D. Vo, H. Hu, M. Galili, E. Palushani, J. Xu, L. K. Oxenløewe, S. J. Madden, D.-Y. Choi, D. Bulla, M. D. Pelusi, J. Schroder, B. Luther-Davies, and B. J. Eggleton, “Photonic chip based 1.28 Tbaud transmitter optimization and receiver OTDM demultiplexing,” in Proc. OFC’10(2010), Post-deadline paper PDPC5.
  7. C. Brés, A. Wiberg, B. Kuo, J. Chavez-Boggio, C. Marki, N. Alic, and S. Radic, “Optical Demultiplexing of 320 Gb/s to 8x40 Gb/s in Single Parametric Gate,” J. Lightwave Technol. 28(4), 434–442 (2010). [CrossRef]
  8. A. H. Gnauck, R. M. Jopson, R. W. Tkach, C. J. McKinstrie, and S. Radic, “Serial-to-Parallel Demultiplexing Using WDM Sampling Pulses,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(2), 97–99 (2009). [CrossRef]
  9. Y. Awaji, T. Miyazaki, and F. Kubota, “40 Gb/s WDM-Multicasting Wavelength Conversion From 160 Gb/s OTDM Signal,” Opt. Netw. Technol. 164, 292–298 (2005). [CrossRef]
  10. G. Lei, C. Shu, and M. Fok, “All-Optical OTDM-to-WDM Signal Conversion Using Cross-Absorption Modulation With Time- and Wavelength-Interleaved Short Pulses,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(8), 571–573 (2010). [CrossRef]
  11. K. J. Lee, S. Liu, F. Parmigiani, M. Ibsen, P. Petropoulos, K. Gallo, and D. J. Richardson, “OTDM to WDM format conversion based on quadratic cascading in a periodically poled lithium niobate waveguide,” Opt. Express 18(10), 10282–10288 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. M. A. F. Roelens, J. A. Bolger, D. Williams, S. J. Frisken, G. W. Baxter, A. M. Clarke, and B. J. Eggleton, “Flexible and Reconfigurable Time-Domain Demultiplexing of Optical Signals at 160 Gb/s,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(10), 618–620 (2009). [CrossRef]
  13. N. Yan, J. del Val Puente, T. G. Silveira, A. Teixeira, A. P. S. Ferreira, E. Tangdiongga, P. Monteiro, and A. M. J. Koonen, “Simulation and Experimental Characterization of SOA-MZI-Based Multiwavelength Conversion,” J. Lightwave Technol. 27(2), 117–127 (2009). [CrossRef]
  14. M. Roelens, S. Frisken, J. Bolger, D. Abakoumov, G. Baxter, S. Poole, and B. Eggleton, “Dispersion Trimming in a Reconfigurable Wavelength Selective Switch,” J. Lightwave Technol. 26(1), 73–78 (2008). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


Fig. 1 Fig. 2 Fig. 3
Fig. 4 Fig. 5

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited