OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 20, Iss. 20 — Sep. 24, 2012
  • pp: 22660–22668

Sidelobes in the response of arrayed waveguide gratings caused by polarization rotation

Emil Kleijn, Peter J. Williams, Neil D. Whitbread, Michael J. Wale, Meint K. Smit, and Xaveer J.M. Leijtens  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 20, Issue 20, pp. 22660-22668 (2012)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.20.022660


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (1102 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

Earlier it was observed that polarization rotation in an AWG built from birefringent waveguides can result in sidelobes in its response. This effect was measured in a polarization sensitive AWG with an orthogonal layout. Now we investigate through detailed simulation whether this effect also exists in polarization desensitised AWGs. It is shown that a dispersion compensated AWG does not suffer from a polarization sidelobe. Alternatively, the AWG can be designed to minimize polarization rotation to suppress the sidelobe.

© 2012 OSA

OCIS Codes
(230.3120) Optical devices : Integrated optics devices
(080.1238) Geometric optics : Array waveguide devices
(130.7408) Integrated optics : Wavelength filtering devices

ToC Category:
Integrated Optics

History
Original Manuscript: June 18, 2012
Revised Manuscript: September 6, 2012
Manuscript Accepted: September 10, 2012
Published: September 19, 2012

Citation
Emil Kleijn, Peter J. Williams, Neil D. Whitbread, Michael J. Wale, Meint K. Smit, and Xaveer J.M. Leijtens, "Sidelobes in the response of arrayed waveguide gratings caused by polarization rotation," Opt. Express 20, 22660-22668 (2012)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-20-20-22660


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. M. Smit and C. van Dam, “PHASAR-based WDM-devices: principles, design and applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.2, 236–250 (1996). [CrossRef]
  2. T. Kamalakis, T. Sphicopoulos, and D. Syvridis, “An estimation of performance degradation due to fabrication errors in AWGs,” J. Lightwave Technol.20, 1779–1787 (2002). [CrossRef]
  3. S. Day, J. P. Stagg, D. Moule, S. J. Clements, C. Rogers, S. Ojha, T. Clapp, J. Brook, and J. Morley, “The elimination of sidelobes in the arrayed waveguide wdm,” in “Integrated Photonics Research,” (Optical Society of America, 1996), p. IMC5.
  4. M. Kohtoku, T. Hirono, Member, S. Oku, Y. Kadota, Y. Shibata, and Y. Yoshikuni, “Control of higher order leaky modes in deep-ridge waveguides and application to low-crosstalk arrayed waveguide gratings,” J. Lightwave Technol.22, 499–508 (2004). [CrossRef]
  5. F. Soares, W. Jiang, N. Fontaine, S. Seo, J. Baek, R. Broeke, J. Cao, K. Okamoto, F. Olsson, S. Lourdudoss, and S. Yoo, “InP-based arrayed-waveguide grating with a channel spacing of 10 GHz,” in “Optical Fiber communication/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, 2008. OFC/NFOEC 2008. Conference on,” (2008), pp. 1–3. [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. E. Kleijn, P. Williams, N. Whitbread, M. Wale, M. Smit, and X. Leijtens, “Sidelobes caused by polarization rotation in arrayed waveguide gratings,” in “Information Photonics (IP), 2011 ICO International Conference on,” (2011). [CrossRef]
  7. W. W. Lui, T. Hirono, K. Yokoyama, and W.-P. Huang, “Polarization rotation in semiconductor bending waveguides: A coupled-mode theory formulation,” J. Lightwave Technol.16, 929–936 (1998). [CrossRef]
  8. A. Klekamp and R. Münzner, “Calculation of imaging errors of AWG,” J. Lightwave Technol.21, 1978–1986 (2003). [CrossRef]
  9. H. Takahashi, Y. Hibino, and I. Nishi, “Polarization-insensitive arrayed-waveguide grating wavelength multiplexer on silicon,” Opt. Lett.17, 499–501 (1992). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. M. Zirngibl, C. Joyner, and P. Chou, “Polarisation compensated waveguide grating router on InP,” Electron. Lett.31, 1662–1664 (1995). [CrossRef]
  11. H. Takahashi, Y. Hibino, Y. Ohmori, and M. Kawachi, “Polarization-insensitive arrayed-waveguide wavelength multiplexer with birefringence compensating film,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.5, 707–709 (1993). [CrossRef]
  12. M. Zirngibl, C. Joyner, L. Stulz, T. Gaiffe, and C. Dragone, “Polarization independent 8 × 8 waveguide grating multiplexer on InP,” Electron. Lett.29, 201–202 (1993). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited