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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 20, Iss. 21 — Oct. 8, 2012
  • pp: 23186–23200

Mechanisms of optical losses in Bi:SiO2 glass fibers

Alexander S. Zlenko, Valery M. Mashinsky, Ludmila D. Iskhakova, Sergey L. Semjonov, Vasiliy V. Koltashev, Nikita M. Karatun, and Evgeny M. Dianov  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 20, Issue 21, pp. 23186-23200 (2012)

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The mechanisms of optical losses in bismuth-doped silica glass (Bi:SiO2) and fibers were studied. It was found that in the fibers of this composition the up-conversion processes occur even at bismuth concentrations lower than 0.02 at.%. Bi:SiO2 core holey fiber drawn under oxidizing conditions was investigated. The absorption spectrum of this fiber has no bands of the bismuth infrared active center. Annealing of this fiber under reducing conditions leads to the formation of the IR absorption bands of the bismuth active center (BAC) and to the simultaneous growth of background losses. Under the realized annealing conditions (argon atmosphere, Tmax = 1100°C, duration 30 min) the BAC concentration reaches its maximum and begins to decrease in the process of excessive Bi reduction, while the background losses only increase. It was shown that the cause of these background losses is the absorption of light by nanoparticles of metallic bismuth formed in bismuth-doped glasses as a result of reduction of a part of the bismuth ions to Bi0 and their following aggregation. The growth of background losses occurs owing to the increase of the concentration and the size of the metallic bismuth nanoparticles.

© 2012 OSA

OCIS Codes
(060.2290) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber materials
(060.2310) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber optics
(140.3510) Lasers and laser optics : Lasers, fiber
(160.2540) Materials : Fluorescent and luminescent materials

ToC Category:
Fiber Optics and Optical Communications

Original Manuscript: August 2, 2012
Revised Manuscript: September 14, 2012
Manuscript Accepted: September 17, 2012
Published: September 25, 2012

Alexander S. Zlenko, Valery M. Mashinsky, Ludmila D. Iskhakova, Sergey L. Semjonov, Vasiliy V. Koltashev, Nikita M. Karatun, and Evgeny M. Dianov, "Mechanisms of optical losses in Bi:SiO2 glass fibers," Opt. Express 20, 23186-23200 (2012)

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