OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 20, Iss. 21 — Oct. 8, 2012
  • pp: 23227–23234

Optical analyses of the formation of a silver nanoparticle-containing layer in glass

Stefan Wackerow and Amin Abdolvand  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 20, Issue 21, pp. 23227-23234 (2012)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (865 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



We present results of our observations on the formation of a silver nanoparticle-containing layer in glass over time. First, silver ions are driven into the glass by field-assisted ion exchange at 300 °C. A following annealing step at 550 °C resulted in the formation of silver nanoparticles (< 4 nm in diameter). This annealing was performed for five different durations (1h, 2h, 4h, 8h, 48h), and thin slices of the cross sections of the glasses have been prepared. The sequence of slices showed the growth of the nanoparticle-containing layer over time. Transmission spectra of the slices have been measured with a spatial resolution of 1.5 µm. Simulating spectra using the Maxwell-Garnett theory allowed us to determine the volume filling factor distribution of the nanoparticles across the layers. A first attempt to simulate the diffusion of silver is performed.

© 2012 OSA

OCIS Codes
(160.2750) Materials : Glass and other amorphous materials
(160.4670) Materials : Optical materials
(160.4236) Materials : Nanomaterials

ToC Category:

Original Manuscript: July 20, 2012
Revised Manuscript: September 14, 2012
Manuscript Accepted: September 19, 2012
Published: September 25, 2012

Stefan Wackerow and Amin Abdolvand, "Optical analyses of the formation of a silver nanoparticle-containing layer in glass," Opt. Express 20, 23227-23234 (2012)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. P. Chakraborty, “Metal nanoclusters in glasses as non-linear photonic materials,” J. Mater. Sci.33(9), 2235–2249 (1998). [CrossRef]
  2. F. Gonella and P. Mazzoldi, Handbook of Nanostructured Materials and Nanothechnology (Academic Press 2000).
  3. H. Mertens and A. Polman, “Plasmon-enhanced erbium luminescence,” Appl. Phys. Lett.89(21), 211107 (2006). [CrossRef]
  4. M. Volkan, D. L. Stokes, and T. Vo-Dinh, “A new surface-enhanced Raman scattering substrate based on silver nanoparticles in sol–gel,” J. Raman Spect.30(12), 1057–1065 (1999). [CrossRef]
  5. A. Stalmashonak, A. Abdolvand, and G. Seifert, “Metal-glass nanocomposite for optical storage of information,” Appl. Phys. Lett.99(20), 201904 (2011). [CrossRef]
  6. U. Kreibig and M. Vollmer, Optical Properties of Metal Clusters (Springer, 1995).
  7. V. M. Shalaev, Optical Properties of Nanostructured Random Media (Springer, 2001).
  8. K. L. Kelly, E. Coronado, L. L. Zhao, and G. C. Schatz, “The optical properties of metal nanoparticles: the influence of size, shape, and dielectric environment,” J. Phys. Chem. B107(3), 668–677 (2003). [CrossRef]
  9. M. S. Gudiksen, L. J. Lauhon, J. Wang, D. C. Smith, and C. M. Lieber, “Growth of nanowire superlattice structures for nanoscale photonics and electronics,” Nature415(6872), 617–620 (2002). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. A. Berger, “Concentration and size depth profile of colloidal silver particles in glass surfaces produced by sodium-silver ion-exchange,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids151(1-2), 88–94 (1992). [CrossRef]
  11. Y. Ma, J. Lin, S. Qin, N. Zhou, Q. Bian, H. Wei, and Z. Feng, “Preparation of Ag nanocrystals embedded silicate glass by field-assisted diffusion and its properties of optical absorption,” Solid State Sci.12(8), 1413–1418 (2010). [CrossRef]
  12. S. Wackerow, G. Seifert, and A. Abdolvand, “Homogenous silver-doped nanocomposite glass,” Opt. Mater. Express1(7), 1224–1231 (2011). [CrossRef]
  13. S. I. Najafi, Introduction to Glass Integrated Optics (Artech House, 1992).
  14. S. Wackerow and G. Seifert, “Co-doping of glasses with rare earth ions and metallic nanoparticles for frequency up-conversion,” Proc. SPIE7725, 77251H, 77251H-10 (2010). [CrossRef]
  15. E. Cattaruzza, G. Battaglin, F. Gonella, S. Ali, C. Sada, and A. Quaranta, “Characterization of silicate glasses doped with gold by solid-state field-assisted ion exchange,” Mater. Sci. & Eng. B: Solid-State Mater. for Adv. Tech.149, 195–199 (2008).
  16. D. Salazar, H. Porte, and H. Márquez, “Optical channel waveguides by copper ion-exchange in glass,” Appl. Opt.36(34), 8987–8991 (1997). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. R. S. Varma, D. C. Kothari, and R. Tewari, “Nano-composite soda lime silicate glass prepared using silver ion exchange,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids355(22-23), 1246–1251 (2009). [CrossRef]
  18. R. Araujo, “Colorless glasses containing ion-exchanged silver,” Appl. Opt.31(25), 5221–5224 (1992). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. E. Borsella, E. Cattaruzza, G. De Marchi, F. Gonella, G. Mattei, P. Mazzoldi, A. Quaranta, G. Battaglin, and R. Polloni, “Synthesis of silver clusters in silica-based glasses for optoelectronics applications,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids245(1-3), 122–128 (1999). [CrossRef]
  20. A. Hilger, M. Tenfelde, and U. Kreibig, “Silver nanoparticles deposited on dielectric surfaces,” Appl. Phys. B73(4), 361–372 (2001). [CrossRef]
  21. B. Lamprecht, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, “Femtosecond decay-time measurement of electron-plasma oscillation in nanolithographically designed silver particles,” Appl. Phys. B-Lasers & Opt.64(2), 269–272 (1997). [CrossRef]
  22. G. Xu, M. Tazawa, P. Jin, and S. Nakao, “Surface plasmon resonance of sputtered Ag films: substrate and mass thickness dependence,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process.80(7), 1535–1540 (2005). [CrossRef]
  23. D. Manikandan, S. Mohan, P. Magudapathy, and K. G. M. Nair, “Blue shift of plasmon resonance in Cu and Ag ion-exchanged and annealed soda-lime glass: an optical absorption study,” Physica B325, 86–91 (2003). [CrossRef]
  24. S. Thomas, S. K. Nair, E. M. A. Jamal, S. H. Al-Harthi, M. R. Varma, and M. R. Anantharaman, “Size-dependent surface plasmon resonance in silver silica nanocomposites,” Nanotechnology19(7), 075710 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  25. K. Yata and T. Yamaguchi, “Ostwald ripening of silver in glass,” J. Mater. Sci.27(1), 101–106 (1992). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


Fig. 1 Fig. 2 Fig. 3

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited