OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 20, Iss. 21 — Oct. 8, 2012
  • pp: 23559–23569

Observation of the fluorescence spectrum for a driven cascade model system in atomic beam

Si-Cong Tian, Chun-Liang Wang, Cun-Zhu Tong, Li-Jun Wang, Hai-Hua Wang, Xiu-Bin Yang, Zhi-Hui Kang, and Jin-Yue Gao  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 20, Issue 21, pp. 23559-23569 (2012)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.20.023559


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (1015 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

We experimentally study the resonance fluorescence from an excited two-level atom when the atomic upper level is coupled by a nonresonant field to a higher-lying state in a rubidium atomic beam. The heights, widths and positions of the fluorescence peaks can be controlled by modifying the detuning of the auxiliary field. We explain the observed spectrum with the transition properties of the dressed states generated by the coupling of the two laser fields. We also attribute the line narrowing to the effects of Spontaneously Generated Coherence between the close-lying levels in the dressed state picture generated by the auxiliary field. And the corresponding spectrum can be viewed as the evidence of Spontaneously Generated Coherence. The experimental results agree well with calculations based on the density-matrix equations.

© 2012 OSA

OCIS Codes
(270.1670) Quantum optics : Coherent optical effects
(300.2530) Spectroscopy : Fluorescence, laser-induced

ToC Category:
Quantum Optics

History
Original Manuscript: July 20, 2012
Manuscript Accepted: September 9, 2012
Published: September 28, 2012

Citation
Si-Cong Tian, Chun-Liang Wang, Cun-Zhu Tong, Li-Jun Wang, Hai-Hua Wang, Xiu-Bin Yang, Zhi-Hui Kang, and Jin-Yue Gao, "Observation of the fluorescence spectrum for a driven cascade model system in atomic beam," Opt. Express 20, 23559-23569 (2012)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-20-21-23559


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. S. Das and G. S. Agarwal, “Photon-photon correlations as a probe of vacuum-induced coherence effects,” Phys. Rev. A77(3), 033850 (2008). [CrossRef]
  2. V. V. Temnov and U. Woggon, “Photon statistics in the cooperative spontaneous emission,” Opt. Express17(7), 5774–5782 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. D. G. Norris, L. A. Orozco, P. Barberis-Blostein, and H. J. Carmichael, “Observation of ground-state quantum beats in atomic spontaneous emission,” Phys. Rev. Lett.105(12), 123602 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. W. X. Zhang and J. Zhuang, “Dynamical control of two-level system decay and long time freezing,” Phys. Rev. A79(1), 012310 (2009). [CrossRef]
  5. C. L. Ding, J. H. Li, Z. M. Zhan, and X. X. Yang, “Two-dimensional atom localization via spontaneous emission in a coherently driven five-level M-type atomic system,” Phys. Rev. A83(6), 063834 (2011). [CrossRef]
  6. M. L. Terraciano, R. O. Knell, D. L. Freimund, L. A. Orozco, J. P. Clemens, and P. R. Rice, “Enhanced spontaneous emission into the mode of a cavity QED system,” Opt. Lett.32(8), 982–984 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. R. Arun, “Interference-induced splitting of resonances in spontaneous emission,” Phys. Rev. A77(3), 033820 (2008). [CrossRef]
  8. G. X. Li, J. Evers, and C. H. Keitel, “Spontaneous emission interference in negative-refractive-index waveguides,” Phys. Rev. B80(4), 045102 (2009). [CrossRef]
  9. X. Q. Jiang, B. Zhang, Z. W. Lu, and X. D. Sun, “Control of spontaneous emission from a microwave-field-coupled three-level Λ-type atom in photonic crystals,” Phys. Rev. A83(5), 053823 (2011). [CrossRef]
  10. S. Evangelou, V. Yannopapas, and E. Paspalakis, “Simulating quantum interference in spontaneous decay near plasmonic nanostructures population dynamics,” Phys. Rev. A83(5), 055805 (2011). [CrossRef]
  11. B. R. Mollow, “Power spectrum of light scattered by two-level systems,” Phys. Rev.188(5), 1969–1975 (1969). [CrossRef]
  12. F. Schuda, C. R. Stroud, and M. Hercher, “Observation of the resonant Stark effect at optical frequencies,” J. Phys. B7(7), L198–L202 (1974). [CrossRef]
  13. F. Y. Wu, R. E. Grove, and S. Ezekiel, “Investigation of the spectrum of resonance fluorescence induced by a monochromatic field,” Phys. Rev. Lett.35(21), 1426–1429 (1975). [CrossRef]
  14. R. E. Grove, F. Y. Wu, and S. Ezekiel, “Measurement of the spectrum of resonance fluorescence from a two-level atom in an intense monochromatic field,” Phys. Rev. A15(1), 227–233 (1977). [CrossRef]
  15. Y. F. Zhu, Q. L. Wu, A. Lezama, D. J. Gauthier, and T. W. Mossberg, “Resonance fluorescence of two-level atoms under strong bichromatic excitation,” Phys. Rev. A41(11), 6574–6576 (1990). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. Z. Ficek and H. S. Freedhoff, “Resonance-fluorescence and absorption spectra of a two-level atom driven by a strong bichromatic field,” Phys. Rev. A48(4), 3092–3104 (1993). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. Z. Ficek and H. S. Freedhoff, “Fluorescence and absorption by a two-level atom in a bichromatic field with one strong and one weak component,” Phys. Rev. A53(6), 4275–4287 (1996). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. C. C. Yu, J. R. Bochinski, T. M. V. Kordich, T. W. Mossberg, and Z. Ficek, “Driving the driven atom: Spectral signatures,” Phys. Rev. A56(6), R4381–R4384 (1997). [CrossRef]
  19. J. R. Bochinski, C. C. Yu, T. Loftus, and T. W. Mossberg, “Vacuum-mediated multiphoton transitions,” Phys. Rev. A63(5), 051402 (2001). [CrossRef]
  20. R. M. Whitley and C. R. Stroud., “Double optical resonance,” Phys. Rev. A14(4), 1498–1513 (1976). [CrossRef]
  21. S. V. Lawande, R. R. Puri, and R. D’Souza, “Optical-double-resonance spectra and intensity-intensity correlations under intense fields with finite bandwidths: Some analytical results,” Phys. Rev. A33(4), 2504–2516 (1986). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  22. A. S. Jayarao, S. V. Lawande, and R. D’Souza, “Time-dependent spectra of a strongly driven three-level atom,” Phys. Rev. A39(7), 3464–3474 (1989). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  23. L. M. Narducci, M. O. Scully, G.-L. Oppo, P. Ru, and J. R. Tredicce, “Spontaneous emission and absorption properties of a driven three-level system,” Phys. Rev. A42(3), 1630–1649 (1990). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  24. A. S. Manka, H. M. Doss, L. M. Narducci, P. Ru, and G.-L. Oppo, “Spontaneous emission and absorption properties of a driven three-level system. II. The Λ and cascade models,” Phys. Rev. A43(7), 3748–3763 (1991). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  25. C. Fu, Y. Zhang, and C. Gong, “Resonance fluorescence from a three-level system,” Phys. Rev. A45(1), 505–512 (1992). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  26. G. C. Hegerfeldt and M. B. Plenio, “Spectral structures induced by electron shelving,” Phys. Rev. A52(4), 3333–3343 (1995). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  27. M. Kiffner, J. Evers, and C. H. Keitel, “Quantum interference enforced by time-energy complementarity,” Phys. Rev. Lett.96(10), 100403 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  28. P. Grünwald and W. Vogel, “Entanglement in atomic resonance fluorescence,” Phys. Rev. Lett.104(23), 233602 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  29. O. Postavaru, Z. Harman, and C. H. Keitel, “High-precision metrology of highly charged ions via relativistic resonance fluorescence,” Phys. Rev. Lett.106(3), 033001 (2011). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  30. A. Muller, E. B. Flagg, P. Bianucci, X. Y. Wang, D. G. Deppe, W. Ma, J. Zhang, G. J. Salamo, M. Xiao, and C. K. Shih, “Resonance fluorescence from a coherently driven semiconductor quantum dot in a cavity,” Phys. Rev. Lett.99(18), 187402 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  31. G. Wrigge, I. Gerhardt, J. Hwang, G. Zumofen, and V. Sandoghdar, “Efficient coupling of photons to a single molecule and the observation of its resonance fluorescence,” Nat. Phys.4(1), 60–66 (2008). [CrossRef]
  32. O. Astafiev, A. M. Zagoskin, A. A. Abdumalikov, Y. A. Pashkin, T. Yamamoto, K. Inomata, Y. Nakamura, and J. S. Tsai, “Resonance fluorescence of a single artificial atom,” Science327(5967), 840–843 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  33. Y. Gu, L. Huang, O. J. F. Martin, and Q. H. Gong, “Resonance fluorescence of single molecules assisted by a plasmonic structure,” Phys. Rev. B81(19), 193103 (2010). [CrossRef]
  34. P. Zhou and S. Swain, “Ultranarrow spectral lines via quantum interference,” Phys. Rev. Lett.77(19), 3995–3998 (1996). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  35. F. L. Li and S. Y. Zhu, “Resonance fluorescence quenching and spectral line narrowing via quantum interference in a four-level atom driven by two coherent fields,” Phys. Rev. A59(3), 2330–2341 (1999). [CrossRef]
  36. F. L. Li, S. Y. Gao, and S. Y. Zhu, “Enhancement of steady-state squeezing in the resonance fluorescence of a coherently driven four-level atom of Λ configuration via quantum interference,” Phys. Rev. A67(6), 063818 (2003). [CrossRef]
  37. M. A. Macovei, “Enhancing superfluorescence via decay interference,” J. Phys. B40(2), 387–392 (2007). [CrossRef]
  38. Z. Ficek and S. Swain, “Simulating quantum interference in a three-level system with perpendicular transition dipole moments,” Phys. Rev. A69(2), 023401 (2004). [CrossRef]
  39. Q. Xu, H. D. Zhou, G. J. Meng, and J. W. Yin, “Simultaneous narrowing of the central peak and sidebands via simulation of quantum interference,” J. Phys. B40(16), 3197–3210 (2007). [CrossRef]
  40. C. L. Wang and Y. L. Meng, “Effects of spontaneously generated coherence on resonance fluorescence in a microwave-driven four-level atomic system,” Opt. Commun.285(10-11), 2632–2637 (2012). [CrossRef]
  41. C. L. Wang, Z. H. Kang, S. C. Tian, Y. Jiang, and J. Y. Gao, “Effect of spontaneously generated coherence on absorption in a V-type system: Investigation in dressed states,” Phys. Rev. A79(4), 043810 (2009). [CrossRef]
  42. S. C. Tian, Z. H. Kang, C. L. Wang, R. G. Wan, J. Kou, H. Zhang, Y. Jiang, H. N. Cui, and J. Y. Gao, “Observation of spontaneously generated coherence on absorption in rubidium atomic beam,” Opt. Commun.285(3), 294–299 (2012). [CrossRef]
  43. D. J. Gauthier, Y. F. Zhu, and T. W. Mossberg, “Observation of linewidth narrowing due to coherent stabilization of quantum fluctuations,” Phys. Rev. Lett.66(19), 2460–2463 (1991). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  44. C. Cohen-Tannoudji and S. Reynaud, “Dressed-atom description of resonance fluorescence and absorption spectra of a multi-level atom in an intense laser beam,” J. Phys. B10(3), 345–363 (1977). [CrossRef]
  45. S. Y. Zhu, L. M. Narducci, and M. O. Scully, “Quantum-mechanical interference effects in the spontaneous-emission spectrum of a driven atom,” Phys. Rev. A52(6), 4791–4802 (1995). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

Figures

Fig. 1 Fig. 2 Fig. 3
 
Fig. 4 Fig. 5
 

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited