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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 20, Iss. 21 — Oct. 8, 2012
  • pp: 24049–24058

Sub-1.5-cycle pulses from a single filament

Daniel S. Steingrube, Martin Kretschmar, Dominik Hoff, Emilia Schulz, Thomas Binhammer, Peter Hansinger, Gerhard G. Paulus, Uwe Morgner, and Milutin Kovačev  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 20, Issue 21, pp. 24049-24058 (2012)

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The temporal dynamics of ultrashort laser pulses undergoing filamentary propagation are investigated with a real-time stereographic above-threshold ionization (ATI) phasemeter. The experimental setup is capable of measuring the pulse duration as well as the carrier-envelope phase distribution of pulses originating from a femtosecond filament, which is either truncated in length or fully propagated. Truncation, by means of a semi-infinite gas cell, allows to elucidate the nonlinear evolution and temporal dynamics of ultrashort laser pulses as a function of the propagation length. We observe the formation of few-cycle pulses as well as temporal pulse splitting dynamics during the propagation of the pulse inside the filament. For the first time, we demonstrate the compression of 35 fs pulses down to a duration of sub-4 fs in a single femtosecond filament. This corresponds to sub-1.5 cycles of the electric field.

© 2012 OSA

OCIS Codes
(020.4180) Atomic and molecular physics : Multiphoton processes
(190.0190) Nonlinear optics : Nonlinear optics
(320.0320) Ultrafast optics : Ultrafast optics
(320.5520) Ultrafast optics : Pulse compression
(320.6629) Ultrafast optics : Supercontinuum generation

ToC Category:
Ultrafast Optics

Original Manuscript: July 10, 2012
Revised Manuscript: August 27, 2012
Manuscript Accepted: August 28, 2012
Published: October 5, 2012

Daniel S. Steingrube, Martin Kretschmar, Dominik Hoff, Emilia Schulz, Thomas Binhammer, Peter Hansinger, Gerhard G. Paulus, Uwe Morgner, and Milutin Kovačev, "Sub-1.5-cycle pulses from a single filament," Opt. Express 20, 24049-24058 (2012)

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