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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 20, Iss. 22 — Oct. 22, 2012
  • pp: 24103–24114

Stress induced birefringence tuning in femtosecond laser fabricated waveguides in fused silica

Luís A. Fernandes, Jason R. Grenier, Peter R. Herman, J. Stewart Aitchison, and Paulo V. S. Marques  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 20, Issue 22, pp. 24103-24114 (2012)

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Femtosecond laser exposure produces form and stress birefringence in glasses, mainly controlled by laser polarization and pulse energy, which leads to challenges in certain applications where polarization mode dispersion or birefringence splitting is critical for the desired responses from optical devices. In this paper, parallel laser modification tracks with different geometries were applied to preferentially stress the laser-written waveguides and explore the possibility of tuning the waveguide birefringence in devices fabricated in bulk fused silica glass. Polarization splitting in Bragg grating waveguides showed the laser modification tracks to controllably add or subtract stress to the pre-existing waveguide birefringence, demonstrating independence from the nanograting induced form birefringence and the contributions from material stress. Stressing bars are shown that offer tunable birefringence in the range from ∼0 up to 4.35 × 10−4, possibly enabling great flexibility in designing polarization dependent devices, as well as making polarization independent devices.

© 2012 OSA

OCIS Codes
(130.3120) Integrated optics : Integrated optics devices
(140.3390) Lasers and laser optics : Laser materials processing
(130.5440) Integrated optics : Polarization-selective devices

ToC Category:
Laser Microfabrication

Original Manuscript: August 21, 2012
Revised Manuscript: September 30, 2012
Manuscript Accepted: October 1, 2012
Published: October 8, 2012

Luís A. Fernandes, Jason R. Grenier, Peter R. Herman, J. Stewart Aitchison, and Paulo V. S. Marques, "Stress induced birefringence tuning in femtosecond laser fabricated waveguides in fused silica," Opt. Express 20, 24103-24114 (2012)

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