OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 20, Iss. 22 — Oct. 22, 2012
  • pp: 24124–24131

Optimal storage and retrieval of single-photon waveforms

Shuyu Zhou, Shanchao Zhang, Chang Liu, J. F. Chen, Jianming Wen, M. M. T. Loy, G. K. L. Wong, and Shengwang Du  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 20, Issue 22, pp. 24124-24131 (2012)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.20.024124


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (984 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

We report an experimental demonstration of optimal storage and retrieval of heralded single-photon wave packets using electromagnetically induced transparency (EIT) in cold atoms at a high optical depth. We obtain an optimal storage efficiency of (49±3)% for single-photon waveforms with a temporal likeness of 96%. Our result brings the EIT quantum light-matter interface closer to practical quantum information applications.

© 2012 OSA

OCIS Codes
(270.0270) Quantum optics : Quantum optics
(270.5585) Quantum optics : Quantum information and processing

ToC Category:
Quantum Optics

History
Original Manuscript: July 16, 2012
Revised Manuscript: September 11, 2012
Manuscript Accepted: September 28, 2012
Published: October 8, 2012

Citation
Shuyu Zhou, Shanchao Zhang, Chang Liu, J. F. Chen, Jianming Wen, M. M. T. Loy, G. K. L. Wong, and Shengwang Du, "Optimal storage and retrieval of single-photon waveforms," Opt. Express 20, 24124-24131 (2012)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-20-22-24124


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. A. I. Lvovsky, B. C. Sanders, and W. Tittel, “Optical quantum memory,” Nat. Photonics3, 706–714 (2009). [CrossRef]
  2. C. Simon, H. de Riedmatten, M. Afzelius, N. Sangouard, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, “Quantum repeaters with photon pair sources and multimode memories,” Phys. Rev. Lett.98, 190503 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. L.-M. Duan, M. D. Lukin, J. I. Cirac, and P. Zoller, “Long-distance quantum communication with atomic ensembles and linear optics,” Nature414, 413–418 (2001). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. S. E. Harris, “Electromagnetically induced transparency,” Phys. Today50, 36–42 (1997). [CrossRef]
  5. M. Fleischhauer, A. Imamoglu, and J. P. Marangos, “Electromagnetically induced transparency: Optics in coherent media,” Rev. Mod. Phys.77, 633–673 (2005). [CrossRef]
  6. C. Liu, Z. Dutton, C. H. Behroozi, and L. V. Hau, “Observation of coherent optical information storage in an atomic medium using halted light pulses,” Nature409, 490–493 (2001). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. K. F. Reim, P. Michelberger, K. C. Lee, J. Nunn, N. K. Langford, and I. A. Walmsley, “Single-photon-level quantum memory at room temperature,” Phys. Rev. Lett.107, 053603 (2011). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. A. L. Alexander, J. J. Longdell, M. J. Sellars, and N. B. Manson, “Photon echoes produced by switching electric fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett.96, 043602 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. M. Hosseini, B. M. Sparkes, G. Campbell, P. K. Lam, and B. C. Buchler, “High efficiency coherent optical memory with warm rubidium vapour,” Nat. Commun.2, 174 (2011). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. M. P. Hedges, J. J. Longdell, Y. Li, and M. J. Sellars, “Efficient quantum memory for light,” Nature465, 1052–1056 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. H. de Riedmatten, M. Afzelius, M. U. Staudt, C. Simon, and N. Gisin, “A solid-state light-matter interface at the single-photon level,” Nature456, 773–778 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. C. Clausen, I Usmani, F. Bussières, N. Sangouard, M. Afzelius, H. de Riedmatten, and N. Gisin, “Quantum storage of photonic entanglement in a crystal,” Nature469, 508–512 (2011). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. E. Saglamyurek, N. Sinclair, J. Jin, J. A. Slater, D. Oblak, F. Bussières, M. George, R. Ricken, W. Sohler, and W. Tittel, “Broadband waveguide quantum memory for entangled photons,” Nature469, 512–515 (2011). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. E. Saglamyurek, N. Sinclair, J. Jin, J. A. Slater, D. Oblak, F. Bussières, M. George, R. Ricken, W. Sohler, and W. Tittel, “Conditional detection of pure quantum states of light after storage in a Tm-Doped waveguide,” Phys. Rev. Lett.108, 083602 (2012). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. J. Wen and M. H. Rubin, “Theory of two-photon interference in an electromagnetically induced transparency system,” Phys. Rev. A70, 063806 (2004). [CrossRef]
  16. T. Chanelière, D. N. Matsukevich, S. D. Jenkins, S. -Y. Lan, T. A. B. Kennedy, and A. Kuzmich, “Storage and retrieval of single photons transmitted between remote quantum memories,” Nature438, 833–836 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. M. D. Eisaman, A. André, F. Massou, M. Fleischhauer, A. S. Zibrov, and M. D. Lukin, “Electromagnetically induced transparency with tunable single-photon pulses,” Nature438, 837–841 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. K. S. Choi, H. Deng, J. Laurat, and H. J. Kimble, “Mapping photonic entanglement into and out of a quantum memory,” Nature452, 67–71 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. K. Honda, D. Akamatsu, M. Arikawa, Y. Yokoi, K. Akiba, S. Nagatsuka, T. Tanimura, A. Furusawa, and M. Kozuma, “Storage and retrieval of a squeezed vacuum,” Phys. Rev. Lett.100, 093601 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. J. Appel, E. Figueroa, D. Korystov, M. Lobino, and A. I. Lvovsky, “Quantum memory for squeezed light,” Phys. Rev. Lett.100, 093602 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  21. H. Zhang, X.-M. Jin, J. Yang, H.-N. Dai, S.-J. Yang, T.-M. Zhao, J. Rui, Y. He, X. Jiang, F. Yang, G.-S. Pan, Z.-S. Yuan, Y. Deng, Z.-B. Chen, X.-H. Bao, S. Chen, B. Zhao, and J.-W. Pan, “Preparation and storage of frequency-uncorrelated entangled photons from cavity-enhanced spontaneous parametric downconversion,” Nat. Photonics5, 628–632 (2011). [CrossRef]
  22. B. Zhao, Y.-A. Chen, X.-H. Bao, T. Strassel, C.-S. Chuu, X.-M. Jin, J. Schmiedmayer, Z.-S. Yuan, S. Chen, and J.-W. Pan, “A millisecond quantum memory for scalable quantum networks,” Nat. Phys.5, 95–99 (2009). [CrossRef]
  23. M. Lettner, M. Mücke, S. Riedl, C. Vo, C. Hahn, S. Baur, J. Bochmann, S. Ritter, S. Dürr, and G. Rempe, “Remote entanglement between a single atom and a Bose-Einstein condensate,” Phys. Rev. Lett.106, 210503 (2011). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  24. M. Varnava, D. E. Browne, and T. Rudolph, “Loss tolerance in one-way quantum computation via counterfactual error correction,” Phys. Rev. Lett.97, 120501 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  25. S. Zhang, J. F. Chen, C. Liu, S. Zhou, M. M. T. Loy, G. K. L. Wong, and S. Du, “A dark-line two-dimensional magneto-optical trap of 85Rb atoms with high optical depth,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.83, 073102 (2012). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  26. S. Zhang, J. F. Chen, C. Liu, M. M. T. Loy, G. K. L. Wong, and S. Du, “Optical precursor of a single photon,” Phys. Rev. Lett.106, 243602 (2011). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  27. S. Du, P. Kolchin, C. Belthangady, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, “Subnatural linewidth biphotons with controllable temporal length,” Phys. Rev. Lett.100, 183603 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  28. P. Kolchin, C. Belthangady, S. Du, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, “Electro-optic modulation of single photons,” Phys. Rev. Lett.101, 103601 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  29. P. Grangier, G. Roger, and A. Aspect, “Experimental evidence for a photon anticorrelation effect on a beam splitter: a new light on single-photon interferences,” Europhys. Lett.1, 173–179 (1986). [CrossRef]
  30. S. Du, J. Wen, and M. H. Rubin, “Narrowband biphoton generation near atomic resonance,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B25, C98–C108 (2008). [CrossRef]
  31. J. F. Clauser, “Experimental distinction between the quantum and classical field-theoretic predictions for the photoelectric effect,” Phys. Rev. D9, 853–860 (1974). [CrossRef]
  32. I. Novikova, A. V. Gorshkov, D. F. Phillips, A. S. Sørensen, M. D. Lukin, and R. L. Walsworth, “Optimal control of light pulse storage and retrieval,” Phys. Rev. Lett.98, 243602 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  33. S. Zhang, S. Zhou, M. M. T. Loy, G. K. L. Wong, and S. Du, “Optical storage with electromagnetically induced transparency in a dense cold atomic ensemble,” Opt. Lett.36, 4530–4532 (2011). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  34. S. Du, C. Belthangady, P. Kolchin, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, “Observation of optical precursors at the biphoton level,” Opt. Lett.33, 2149–2151 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  35. A. V. Gorshkov, A. André, M. Fleischhauer, A. S. Sørensen, and M. D. Lukin, “Universal approach to optimal photon storage in atomic media,” Phys. Rev. Lett.98, 123601 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  36. S. E. Harris, “Chirp and compress: toward single-cycle biphotons,” Phys. Rev. Lett.98, 063602 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  37. S. Sensarn, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, “Generation and compression of chirped biphotons,” Phys. Rev. Lett.104, 253602 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

Figures

Fig. 1 Fig. 2 Fig. 3
 
Fig. 4
 

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited