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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 20, Iss. 23 — Nov. 5, 2012
  • pp: 25228–25238

Noncollinear parametric fluorescence by chirped quasi-phase matching for monocycle temporal entanglement

Akira Tanaka, Ryo Okamoto, Hwan Hong Lim, Shanthi Subashchandran, Masayuki Okano, Labao Zhang, Lin Kang, Jian Chen, Peiheng Wu, Toru Hirohata, Sunao Kurimura, and Shigeki Takeuchi  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 20, Issue 23, pp. 25228-25238 (2012)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.20.025228


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Abstract

Quantum entanglement of two photons created by spontaneous parametric downconversion (SPDC) can be used to probe quantum optical phenomena during a single cycle of light. Harris [Opt. Express 98, 063602 (2007)] suggested using ultrabroad parametric fluorescenc generated from a quasi-phase-matched (QPM) device whose poling period is chirped. In the Harris’s original proposal, it is assumed that the photons are collinearly generated and then spatially separated by frequency filtering Here, we alternatively propose using noncollinearly generated SPDC. In our numerical calculation, to achieve 1.2 cycle temporal correlation for a 532 nm pump laser, only 10% -chirped device is sufficien when noncollinear condition is applied, while a largely chirped (50%) device is required in collinear condition. We also experimentally demonstrate an octave-spanning (790–1610 nm) noncollinear parametric fluorescenc from a 10% chirped MgSLT crystal using both a superconducting nanowire single-photon detector and photomultiplier tube as photon detectors. The observed SPDC bandwidth is 194 THz, which is the largest width achieved to date for a chirped QPM device. From this experimental result, our numerical analysis predicts that the bi-photon can be compressed to 1.2 cycles with appropriate phase compensation.

© 2012 OSA

OCIS Codes
(190.4360) Nonlinear optics : Nonlinear optics, devices
(270.5570) Quantum optics : Quantum detectors
(320.7160) Ultrafast optics : Ultrafast technology
(190.4975) Nonlinear optics : Parametric processes
(270.5585) Quantum optics : Quantum information and processing

ToC Category:
Quantum Optics

Citation
Akira Tanaka, Ryo Okamoto, Hwan Hong Lim, Shanthi Subashchandran, Masayuki Okano, Labao Zhang, Lin Kang, Jian Chen, Peiheng Wu, Toru Hirohata, Sunao Kurimura, and Shigeki Takeuchi, "Noncollinear parametric fluorescence by chirped quasi-phase matching for monocycle temporal entanglement," Opt. Express 20, 25228-25238 (2012)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-20-23-25228


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