OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 20, Iss. 24 — Nov. 19, 2012
  • pp: 26167–26175

Differential near-edge coherent diffractive imaging using a femtosecond high-harmonic XUV light source

Fabian Weise, Daniel M. Neumark, Stephen R. Leone, and Oliver Gessner  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 20, Issue 24, pp. 26167-26175 (2012)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (2536 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



Element-specific contrast enhancement in tabletop coherent diffractive imaging (CDI) is demonstrated by employing an ultrafast extreme ultraviolet (XUV) light source with tunable photon energy. By combining two measurements performed at energies below and above the Al L2,3 absorption edge, the spatial autocorrelation function of a micron-scale double pinhole in a 300 nm thick aluminum foil is retrieved despite a dominant background signal from directly transmitted light across the entire range of detectable diffraction angles. The fringe visibility in the diffraction patterns is 0 below the Al L2,3 edge, 0.53 ± 0.06 above the edge, and 0.73 ± 0.08 in the differential image that combines the two measurements. The proof-of-principle experiment demonstrates that the variations of XUV optical constants in the vicinity of an inner-shell absorption edge can be utilized to improve the chemical sensitivity and image reconstruction quality of laboratory-based ultrafast imaging experiments.

© 2012 OSA

OCIS Codes
(110.7440) Imaging systems : X-ray imaging
(190.2620) Nonlinear optics : Harmonic generation and mixing
(340.7480) X-ray optics : X-rays, soft x-rays, extreme ultraviolet (EUV)

ToC Category:
X-ray Optics

Original Manuscript: August 27, 2012
Revised Manuscript: October 19, 2012
Manuscript Accepted: October 21, 2012
Published: November 5, 2012

Fabian Weise, Daniel M. Neumark, Stephen R. Leone, and Oliver Gessner, "Differential near-edge coherent diffractive imaging using a femtosecond high-harmonic XUV light source," Opt. Express 20, 26167-26175 (2012)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. A. Sakdinawat and D. Attwood, “Nanoscale X-ray imaging,” Nat. Photonics4(12), 840–848 (2010). [CrossRef]
  2. D. Sayre, “Prospects for long-wavelength X-ray microscopy and diffraction,” in Imaging Processes and Coherence in Physics, M. Schlenker, M. Fink, J. Goedgebuer, C. Malgrange, J. Vieénot, and R. Wade, eds. (Springer Berlin / Heidelberg, 1980), pp. 229–235.
  3. J. Miao, P. Charalambous, J. Kirz, and D. Sayre, “Extending the methodology of X-ray crystallography to allow imaging of micrometre-sized non-crystalline specimens,” Nature400(6742), 342–344 (1999). [CrossRef]
  4. M. J. Bogan, W. H. Benner, S. Boutet, U. Rohner, M. Frank, A. Barty, M. M. Seibert, F. Maia, S. Marchesini, S. Bajt, B. Woods, V. Riot, S. P. Hau-Riege, M. Svenda, E. Marklund, E. Spiller, J. Hajdu, and H. N. Chapman, “Single particle X-ray diffractive imaging,” Nano Lett.8(1), 310–316 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. X. Huang, J. Nelson, J. Kirz, E. Lima, S. Marchesini, H. Miao, A. M. Neiman, D. Shapiro, J. Steinbrener, A. Stewart, J. J. Turner, and C. Jacobsen, “Soft X-ray diffraction microscopy of a frozen hydrated yeast cell,” Phys. Rev. Lett.103(19), 198101 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. S. Eisebitt, J. Lüning, W. F. Schlotter, M. Lörgen, O. Hellwig, W. Eberhardt, and J. Stöhr, “Lensless imaging of magnetic nanostructures by X-ray spectro-holography,” Nature432(7019), 885–888 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. S. Roy, D. Parks, K. A. Seu, R. Su, J. J. Turner, W. Chao, E. H. Anderson, S. Cabrini, and S. D. Kevan, “Lensless X-ray imaging in reflection geometry,” Nat. Photonics5(4), 243–245 (2011). [CrossRef]
  8. H. N. Chapman, A. Barty, M. J. Bogan, S. Boutet, M. Frank, S. P. Hau-Riege, S. Marchesini, B. W. Woods, S. Bajt, W. H. Benner, R. A. London, E. Plönjes, M. Kuhlmann, R. Treusch, S. Düsterer, T. Tschentscher, J. R. Schneider, E. Spiller, T. Möller, C. Bostedt, M. Hoener, D. A. Shapiro, K. O. Hodgson, D. van der Spoel, F. Burmeister, M. Bergh, C. Caleman, G. Huldt, M. M. Seibert, F. R. N. C. Maia, R. W. Lee, A. Szöke, N. Timneanu, and J. Hajdu, “Femtosecond diffractive imaging with a soft-X-ray free-electron laser,” Nat. Phys.2(12), 839–843 (2006). [CrossRef]
  9. M. M. Seibert, T. Ekeberg, F. R. N. C. Maia, M. Svenda, J. Andreasson, O. Jönsson, D. Odić, B. Iwan, A. Rocker, D. Westphal, M. Hantke, D. P. DePonte, A. Barty, J. Schulz, L. Gumprecht, N. Coppola, A. Aquila, M. Liang, T. A. White, A. Martin, C. Caleman, S. Stern, C. Abergel, V. Seltzer, J.-M. Claverie, C. Bostedt, J. D. Bozek, S. Boutet, A. A. Miahnahri, M. Messerschmidt, J. Krzywinski, G. Williams, K. O. Hodgson, M. J. Bogan, C. Y. Hampton, R. G. Sierra, D. Starodub, I. Andersson, S. Bajt, M. Barthelmess, J. C. H. Spence, P. Fromme, U. Weierstall, R. Kirian, M. Hunter, R. B. Doak, S. Marchesini, S. P. Hau-Riege, M. Frank, R. L. Shoeman, L. Lomb, S. W. Epp, R. Hartmann, D. Rolles, A. Rudenko, C. Schmidt, L. Foucar, N. Kimmel, P. Holl, B. Rudek, B. Erk, A. Hömke, C. Reich, D. Pietschner, G. Weidenspointner, L. Strüder, G. Hauser, H. Gorke, J. Ullrich, I. Schlichting, S. Herrmann, G. Schaller, F. Schopper, H. Soltau, K.-U. Kühnel, R. Andritschke, C.-D. Schröter, F. Krasniqi, M. Bott, S. Schorb, D. Rupp, M. Adolph, T. Gorkhover, H. Hirsemann, G. Potdevin, H. Graafsma, B. Nilsson, H. N. Chapman, and J. Hajdu, “Single mimivirus particles intercepted and imaged with an X-ray laser,” Nature470(7332), 78–81 (2011). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. H. N. Chapman, P. Fromme, A. Barty, T. A. White, R. A. Kirian, A. Aquila, M. S. Hunter, J. Schulz, D. P. DePonte, U. Weierstall, R. B. Doak, F. R. N. C. Maia, A. V. Martin, I. Schlichting, L. Lomb, N. Coppola, R. L. Shoeman, S. W. Epp, R. Hartmann, D. Rolles, A. Rudenko, L. Foucar, N. Kimmel, G. Weidenspointner, P. Holl, M. Liang, M. Barthelmess, C. Caleman, S. Boutet, M. J. Bogan, J. Krzywinski, C. Bostedt, S. Bajt, L. Gumprecht, B. Rudek, B. Erk, C. Schmidt, A. Hömke, C. Reich, D. Pietschner, L. Strüder, G. Hauser, H. Gorke, J. Ullrich, S. Herrmann, G. Schaller, F. Schopper, H. Soltau, K.-U. Kühnel, M. Messerschmidt, J. D. Bozek, S. P. Hau-Riege, M. Frank, C. Y. Hampton, R. G. Sierra, D. Starodub, G. J. Williams, J. Hajdu, N. Timneanu, M. M. Seibert, J. Andreasson, A. Rocker, O. Jönsson, M. Svenda, S. Stern, K. Nass, R. Andritschke, C.-D. Schröter, F. Krasniqi, M. Bott, K. E. Schmidt, X. Wang, I. Grotjohann, J. M. Holton, T. R. M. Barends, R. Neutze, S. Marchesini, R. Fromme, S. Schorb, D. Rupp, M. Adolph, T. Gorkhover, I. Andersson, H. Hirsemann, G. Potdevin, H. Graafsma, B. Nilsson, and J. C. H. Spence, “Femtosecond X-ray protein nanocrystallography,” Nature470(7332), 73–77 (2011). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. N. D. Loh, C. Y. Hampton, A. V. Martin, D. Starodub, R. G. Sierra, A. Barty, A. Aquila, J. Schulz, L. Lomb, J. Steinbrener, R. L. Shoeman, S. Kassemeyer, C. Bostedt, J. Bozek, S. W. Epp, B. Erk, R. Hartmann, D. Rolles, A. Rudenko, B. Rudek, L. Foucar, N. Kimmel, G. Weidenspointner, G. Hauser, P. Holl, E. Pedersoli, M. Liang, M. S. Hunter, L. Gumprecht, N. Coppola, C. Wunderer, H. Graafsma, F. R. N. C. Maia, T. Ekeberg, M. Hantke, H. Fleckenstein, H. Hirsemann, K. Nass, T. A. White, H. J. Tobias, G. R. Farquar, W. H. Benner, S. P. Hau-Riege, C. Reich, A. Hartmann, H. Soltau, S. Marchesini, S. Bajt, M. Barthelmess, P. Bucksbaum, K. O. Hodgson, L. Strüder, J. Ullrich, M. Frank, I. Schlichting, H. N. Chapman, and M. J. Bogan, “Fractal morphology, imaging and mass spectrometry of single aerosol particles in flight,” Nature486(7404), 513–517 (2012). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. S. Boutet, L. Lomb, G. J. Williams, T. R. M. Barends, A. Aquila, R. B. Doak, U. Weierstall, D. P. DePonte, J. Steinbrener, R. L. Shoeman, M. Messerschmidt, A. Barty, T. A. White, S. Kassemeyer, R. A. Kirian, M. M. Seibert, P. A. Montanez, C. Kenney, R. Herbst, P. Hart, J. Pines, G. Haller, S. M. Gruner, H. T. Philipp, M. W. Tate, M. Hromalik, L. J. Koerner, N. van Bakel, J. Morse, W. Ghonsalves, D. Arnlund, M. J. Bogan, C. Caleman, R. Fromme, C. Y. Hampton, M. S. Hunter, L. C. Johansson, G. Katona, C. Kupitz, M. Liang, A. V. Martin, K. Nass, L. Redecke, F. Stellato, N. Timneanu, D. Wang, N. A. Zatsepin, D. Schafer, J. Defever, R. Neutze, P. Fromme, J. C. H. Spence, H. N. Chapman, and I. Schlichting, “High-resolution protein structure determination by serial femtosecond crystallography,” Science337(6092), 362–364 (2012). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. R. L. Sandberg, A. Paul, D. A. Raymondson, S. Hädrich, D. M. Gaudiosi, J. Holtsnider, R. I. Tobey, O. Cohen, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, C. Song, J. Miao, Y. Liu, and F. Salmassi, “Lensless diffractive imaging using tabletop coherent high-harmonic soft-X-ray beams,” Phys. Rev. Lett.99(9), 098103 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. M. D. Seaberg, D. E. Adams, E. L. Townsend, D. A. Raymondson, W. F. Schlotter, Y. Liu, C. S. Menoni, L. Rong, C.-C. Chen, J. Miao, H. C. Kapteyn, and M. M. Murnane, “Ultrahigh 22 nm resolution coherent diffractive imaging using a desktop 13 nm high harmonic source,” Opt. Express19(23), 22470–22479 (2011). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. R. L. Sandberg, C. Song, P. W. Wachulak, D. A. Raymondson, A. Paul, B. Amirbekian, E. Lee, A. E. Sakdinawat, C. La-O-Vorakiat, M. C. Marconi, C. S. Menoni, M. M. Murnane, J. J. Rocca, H. C. Kapteyn, and J. Miao, “High numerical aperture tabletop soft x-ray diffraction microscopy with 70-nm resolution,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A.105(1), 24–27 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. A. Ravasio, D. Gauthier, F. R. N. C. Maia, M. Billon, J. P. Caumes, D. Garzella, M. Géléoc, O. Gobert, J. F. Hergott, A. M. Pena, H. Perez, B. Carré, E. Bourhis, J. Gierak, A. Madouri, D. Mailly, B. Schiedt, M. Fajardo, J. Gautier, P. Zeitoun, P. H. Bucksbaum, J. Hajdu, and H. Merdji, “Single-shot diffractive imaging with a table-top femtosecond soft x-ray laser-harmonics source,” Phys. Rev. Lett.103(2), 028104 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. D. Gauthier, M. Guizar-Sicairos, X. Ge, W. Boutu, B. Carré, J. R. Fienup, and H. Merdji, “Single-shot femtosecond x-ray holography using extended references,” Phys. Rev. Lett.105(9), 093901 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. T. Ditmire, E. T. Gumbrell, R. A. Smith, J. W. G. Tisch, D. D. Meyerhofer, and M. H. R. Hutchinson, “Spatial coherence measurement of soft X-ray radiation produced by high order harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett.77(23), 4756–4759 (1996). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. C. Song, R. Bergstrom, D. Ramunno-Johnson, H. Jiang, D. Paterson, M. D. de Jonge, I. McNulty, J. Lee, K. L. Wang, and J. Miao, “Nanoscale imaging of buried structures with elemental specificity using resonant x-ray diffraction microscopy,” Phys. Rev. Lett.100(2), 025504 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. A. Scherz, D. Zhu, R. Rick, W. F. Schlotter, S. Roy, J. Lüning, and J. Stöhr, “Nanoscale imaging with resonant coherent X rays: extension of multiple-wavelength anomalous diffraction to nonperiodic structures,” Phys. Rev. Lett.101(7), 076101 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  21. M. Beckers, T. Senkbeil, T. Gorniak, M. Reese, K. Giewekemeyer, S.-C. Gleber, T. Salditt, and A. Rosenhahn, “Chemical contrast in soft x-ray ptychography,” Phys. Rev. Lett.107(20), 208101 (2011). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  22. F. Weise, D. M. Neumark, S. R. Leone, and O. Gessner, In Preparation.
  23. Y. Nagata, Y. Nabekawa, and K. Midorikawa, “Development of high-throughput, high-damage-threshold beam separator for 13 nm high-order harmonics,” Opt. Lett.31(9), 1316–1318 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  24. B. L. Henke, E. M. Gullikson, and J. C. Davis, “X-ray interactions: photoabsorption, scattering, transmission, and reflection at E = 50-30,000 eV, Z = 1-92,” At. Data Nucl. Data Tables54(2), 181–342 (1993). [CrossRef]
  25. J. C. H. Spence, U. Weierstall, and M. Howells, “Coherence and sampling requirements for diffractive imaging,” Ultramicroscopy101(2-4), 149–152 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  26. S. Billinge, “The nanostructure problem,” Physics3, 25 (2010). [CrossRef]
  27. J. Miao, J. Kirz, and D. Sayre, “The oversampling phasing method,” Acta Crystallogr. Sect D: Biol. Crystallogr.56(10), 1312–1315 (2000). [CrossRef]
  28. S. Marchesini, H. He, H. N. Chapman, S. P. Hau-Riege, A. Noy, M. R. Howells, U. Weierstall, and J. C. H. Spence, “X-ray image reconstruction from a diffraction pattern alone,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter68(14), 140101 (2003). [CrossRef]
  29. S. Marchesini, “Invited article: a [corrected] unified evaluation of iterative projection algorithms for phase retrieval,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.78(1), 011301 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  30. S. Marchesini, “Ab initio compressive phase retrieval,” arXiv:0809.2006 (2008).

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


Fig. 1 Fig. 2 Fig. 3
Fig. 4 Fig. 5

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited