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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 20, Iss. 24 — Nov. 19, 2012
  • pp: 27123–27132

Geometric requirements for photonic lanterns in space division multiplexing

Nicolas K. Fontaine, Roland Ryf, Joss Bland-Hawthorn, and Sergio G. Leon-Saval  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 20, Issue 24, pp. 27123-27132 (2012)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.20.027123


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Abstract

We investigate the use of “photonic lanterns” as adiabatic mode converters for space-division multiplexing (SDM) systems to interface multiple single-mode fibers to a multi-mode fiber. In a SDM system, minimizing the coupling loss and mode-dependent loss best utilizes all spatial modes of the fiber which increases the capacity, the transmission distance, and minimizes the outage probability. We use modal analysis, the beam propagation method, and a transfer matrix technique to analyze the lanterns throughput along with its mode dependent loss and show that unitary coupling between single-mode fibers and a multi-mode fiber is only possible by optimizing the arrangements of the cores. Results include simulations for three, 12, 15, and 51 core lanterns to couple to six, 24, 30, and 102 spatial and polarization modes, respectively.

© 2012 OSA

OCIS Codes
(060.2330) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber optics communications
(130.3120) Integrated optics : Integrated optics devices

ToC Category:
Integrated Optics

History
Original Manuscript: August 1, 2012
Revised Manuscript: September 30, 2012
Manuscript Accepted: November 8, 2012
Published: November 16, 2012

Citation
Nicolas K. Fontaine, Roland Ryf, Joss Bland-Hawthorn, and Sergio G. Leon-Saval, "Geometric requirements for photonic lanterns in space division multiplexing," Opt. Express 20, 27123-27132 (2012)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-20-24-27123


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References

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