OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 20, Iss. 24 — Nov. 19, 2012
  • pp: 27226–27241

Attosecond ionization control for broadband supercontinuum generation using a weak 400-nm few-cycle controlling pulse

Hongchuan Du, Laoyong Luo, Xiaoshan Wang, and Bitao Hu  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 20, Issue 24, pp. 27226-27241 (2012)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (4825 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



We theoretically demonstrate a method for generating the broadband supercontinuum. It is found that a weak 400-nm few-cycle pulse can be used to replace the ultraviolet attosecond pulse for controlling the ionization dynamics of the electron wave packets when a long-wavelength driving pulse is adopted. By adding a 400-nm few-cycle laser pulse to a 2000-nm driving pulse at proper time, only a quantum path can be selected to effectively contribute to the harmonics, leading to the efficient generation of a broadband supercontinuum. Moreover, our scheme is stable against nearly all the small parameter shift of the driving pulse and the controlling pulse. The macroscopic investigation reveals that the macroscopic supercontinuum with the bandwidth of about 165eV can be obtained. Then isolated sub-110-as pulses can be directly generated. Moreover, the generated attosecond pulse has a divergence angle of about 0.1mrad in the far field, which indicates its beam quality is good. Besides, it is also found that a near-field spatial filter can be used to select the different quantum paths (short or long) in the far field.

© 2012 OSA

OCIS Codes
(190.4160) Nonlinear optics : Multiharmonic generation
(300.6560) Spectroscopy : Spectroscopy, x-ray
(320.7110) Ultrafast optics : Ultrafast nonlinear optics

ToC Category:
Supercontinuum Generation and Ultra-Short Pulses

Original Manuscript: September 14, 2012
Revised Manuscript: November 5, 2012
Manuscript Accepted: November 5, 2012
Published: November 19, 2012

Virtual Issues
Nonlinear Photonics (2012) Optics Express

Hongchuan Du, Laoyong Luo, Xiaoshan Wang, and Bitao Hu, "Attosecond ionization control for broadband supercontinuum generation using a weak 400-nm few-cycle controlling pulse," Opt. Express 20, 27226-27241 (2012)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. F. Krausz and M. Ivanov, “Attosecond physics,” Rev. Mod. Phys.81, 163–234 (2009). [CrossRef]
  2. A. Rundruist, C. Durfee, Z. Chang, C. Herne, S. Backus, M. Murnane, and H. Kapteyn, “Phase-matched generation of coherent soft X-rays,” Science280, 1412–1415 (1998). [CrossRef]
  3. R. Bartels, A. Paul, H. Green, H. Kapteyn, M. Murnane, S. Backus, I. Christov, Y. Liu, D. Attwood, and C. Jacobsen, “Generation of spatially coherent light at extreme ultraviolet wavelengths,” Science297, 376–378 (2002). [PubMed]
  4. M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, Ch. Spielmann, G. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond metrology,” Nature (London)414, 509–513 (2001). [CrossRef]
  5. P. Paul, E. Toma, P. Breger, G. Mullot, F. Auge, Ph. Balcou, H. Muller, and P. Agostini, “Observation of a train of attosecond pulses from high harmonic generation,” Science292, 1689–1692 (2001). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. E. Goulielmakis, M. Schultze, M. Hofstetter, V. Yakovlev, J. Gagnon, M. Uiberacker, A. Aquila, E. Gullikson, D. Attwood, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Single-cycle nonlinear optics,” Science320, 1614–1617 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. F. Ferrari, F. Calegari, M. Lucchini, C. Vozzi, S. Stagira, G. Sansone, and M. Nisoli, “High-energy isolated attosecond pulses generated by above-saturation few-cycle fields,” Nat. Photonics4, 875–879 (2010). [CrossRef]
  8. G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, “Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulses,” Science314, 443–446 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. X. Feng, S. Gilbertson, H. Mashiko, H. Wang, S. Khan, M. Chini, Y. Wu, K. Zhao, and Z. Chang, “Generation of isolated attosecond pulses with 20 to 28 femtosecond lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett.103, 183901 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. S. Gilbertson, S. Khan, Y. Wu, M. Chini, and Z. Chang, “Isolated attosecond pulse generation without the need to stabilize the carrier-envelope phase of driving lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett.105, 093902 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. P. Salières, A. L’Huillier, and M. Lewenstein, “Coherence control of the high-order harmonics,” Phys. Rev. Lett.74, 3376–3379 (1995). [CrossRef]
  12. P. Salières, T. Ditmire, M. Perry, A. L’Huillier, and M. Lewenstein, “Angular distributions of the high-order harmonics generated by a femtosecond laser,” J. Phys. B29, 4771–4786 (1996). [CrossRef]
  13. F. Schapper, M. Holler, T. Auguste, A. Zair, M. Weger, P. Salières, L. Gallmann, and U. Keller, “Spatial finger-print of quantum path interferences in high order harmonic generation,” Opt. Express18, 2987–2994 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. P. Corkum, “Plasma perspective on strong-field multiphoton ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett.71, 1994–1997 (1993). [CrossRef]
  15. E. Takahashi, P. Lan, O. Mücke, Y. Nabekawa, and K. Midorikawa, “Infrared two-color multicycle laser field synthesis for generating an intense attosecond pulse,” Phys. Rev. Lett.104, 233901 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. T. Pfeifer, L. Gallmann, M. Abel, D. Neumark, and S. Leone, “Single attosecond pulse generation in the multicycle-driver regime by adding a weak second-harmonic field,” Opt. Lett.31, 975–977 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. Z. Zeng, Y. Cheng, X. Song, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Generation of an extreme ultraviolet supercontinuum in a two-color laser field,” Phys. Rev. Lett.98, 203901 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. W. Hong, P. Lu, Q. Li, and Q. Zhang, “Broadband water window supercontinuum generation with a tailored mid-IR pulse in neutral media,” Opt. Lett.34, 2102–2104 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. P. Lan, P. Lu, Q. Li, F. Li, W. Hong, and Q. Zhang, “Macroscopic effects for quantum control of broadband isolated attosecond pulse generation with a two-color field,” Phys. Rev. A79, 043413 (2009). [CrossRef]
  20. H. Du and B. Hu, “Propagation effects of isolated attosecond pulse generation with a multicycle chirped and chirped-free two-color field,” Phys. Rev. A84, 023817 (2011). [CrossRef]
  21. H. Du, H. Wang, and B. Hu, “Isolated short attosecond pulse generated using a two-color laser and a high-order pulse,” Phys. Rev. A81, 063813 (2010). [CrossRef]
  22. H. Du, L. Luo, X. Wang, and B. Hu, “Isolated attosecond pulse generation from pre-excited medium with a chirped and chirped-free two-color field,” Opt. Express20, 9713–9725 (2012). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  23. F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, M. Negro, G. Sansone, F. Frassetto, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and S. Stagira, “Efficient continuum generation exceeding 200 eV by intense ultrashort two-color driver,” Opt. Lett.34, 3125–3127 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  24. P. Lan, E. Takahashi, and K. Midorikawa, “Optimization of infrared two-color multicycle field synthesis for intense-isolated-attosecond-pulse generation,” Phys. Rev. A82, 053413 (2010). [CrossRef]
  25. P. Corkum, N. Burnett, and M. Ivanov, “Subfemtosecond pulses,” Opt. Lett.19, 1870–1872 (1994). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  26. Z. Chang, “Single attosecond pulse and xuv supercontinuum in the high-order harmonic plateau,” Phys. Rev. A70, 043802 (2004). [CrossRef]
  27. C. Altucci, V. Tosa, and R. Velotta, “Beyond the single-atom response in isolated attosecond-pulse generation,” Phys. Rev. A75, 061401(R) (2007). [CrossRef]
  28. C. Altucci, R. Velotta, V. Tosa, P. Villoresi, F. Frassetto, L. Poletto, C. Vozzi, F. Calegari, M. Negro, S. De Silvestri, and S. Stagira, “Interplay between group-delay-dispersion-induced polarization gating and ionization to generate isolated attosecond pulses from multicycle lasers,” Opt. Lett.35, 2798–2880 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  29. H. Du and B. Hu, “Broadband supercontinuum generation method combining mid-infrared chirped-pulse modulation and generalized polarization gating,” Opt. Express18, 25958–25966 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  30. K. Schafer, M. Gaarde, A. Heinrich, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, “Strong field quantum path control using attosecond pulse trains,” Phys. Rev. Lett.92, 023003 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  31. K. Ishikawa, “Photoemission and ionization of He+ under simultaneous irradiation of fundamental laser and high-order harmonic pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett.91, 043002 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  32. M. Gaarde, K. Schafer, A. Heinrich, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, “Large enhancement of macroscopic yield in attosecond pulse train-assisted harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. A72, 013411 (2005). [CrossRef]
  33. A. Bandrauk and N. Shon, “Attosecond control of ionization and high-order harmonic generation in molecules,” Phys. Rev. A66, 031401(R) (2002). [CrossRef]
  34. P. Lan, P. Lu, W. Cao, and X. Wang, “Efficient generation of an isolated single-cycle attosecond pulse,” Phys. Rev. A76, 043808 (2007). [CrossRef]
  35. M. Lewenstein, Ph. Balcou, M. Ivanov, A. L’Huillier, and P. Corkum, “Theory of high-harmonic generation by low-frequency laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A49, 2117–2132 (1994). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  36. H. Bethe and E. Salpeter, Quantum mechanics of one and two electron atoms (Academic, New York, 1957).
  37. M. Ammosov, N. Delone, and V. Krainov, “Tunnel ionization of complex atoms and of atoms ions in an alternating electromagnetic field,” Sov. Phys. JETP64, 1191 (1986).
  38. E. Priori, G. Cerullo, M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, P. Villoresi, L. Poletto, P. Ceccherini, C. Altucci, R. Bruzzese, and C. de Lisio, “Nonadiabatic three-dimentional model of high-order harmonic generation in the few-optical cycle regime,” Phys. Rev. A61, 063801 (2000). [CrossRef]
  39. A. L’Huillier, P. Balcou, S. Candel, K. Schafer, and K. Kulander, “Calculations of high-order harmonic-generation processes in xenon at 1064nm,” Phys. Rev. A46, 2778–2790 (1992). [CrossRef]
  40. V. Tosa, K. Kim, and C. Nam, “Macroscopic generation of attosecond-pulse trains in strongly ionized media,” Phys. Rev. A79, 043828 (2009). [CrossRef]
  41. C. Jin, A.-T. Le, and C. Lin, “Medium propagation effects in high-order harmonic generation of Ar and N2,” Phys. Rev. A83, 023411 (2011). [CrossRef]
  42. M. Gaarde, J. Tate, and K. Schafer, “Macroscopic aspects of attosecond pulse generation,” J. Phys. B41, 132001 (2008). [CrossRef]
  43. H. Mashiko, S. Gilbertson, C. Li, S. Khan, M. Shakya, E. Moon, and Z. Chang, “Double optical gating of high-order harmonic generation with carrier-envelope phase stabilized lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett.100, 103906 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited