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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 20, Iss. 25 — Dec. 3, 2012
  • pp: 27569–27588

Real scene capturing using spherical single-element lens camera and improved restoration algorithm for radially variant blur

Yupeng Zhang, Lev G. Zimin, Jing Ji, Satoshi Ikezawa, and Toshitsugu Ueda  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 20, Issue 25, pp. 27569-27588 (2012)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.20.027569


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Abstract

A camera module employing spherical single-element lens imaging system (SSLIS) is introduced in this study. This type of imaging system can be used in compact digital cameras or mobile phone cameras, and it provides the advantages of simple design, reduced device bulkiness, and reduced manufacturing costs. When compared with conventional camera modules, our system produces radially variant blurred images, which can be satisfactorily restored by means of a polar domain deconvolution algorithm proposed in our previous study. In this study, we demonstrate an improved version of this algorithm that enables full-field-of-view (FOV) image restoration instead of the partial FOV restoration obtained via our previous algorithm. This improvement is realized by interpolating the upper and arc-shaped boundaries of the panoramic polar image such that the ringing artifacts around the center and four boundaries of the restored Cartesian image are greatly suppressed. The effectiveness of the improved algorithm is verified by image restoration of both computer simulated images and real-world scenes captured by the spherical single lens camera module. The quality of the restored image depends on the overall sparsity of all the point spread function (PSF) block Toeplitz with circulant blocks (BTCB) matrices used to restore a radially blurred image.

© 2012 OSA

OCIS Codes
(040.1490) Detectors : Cameras
(100.1830) Image processing : Deconvolution
(100.3020) Image processing : Image reconstruction-restoration
(110.5200) Imaging systems : Photography
(220.1000) Optical design and fabrication : Aberration compensation
(220.3620) Optical design and fabrication : Lens system design

ToC Category:
Imaging Systems

History
Original Manuscript: September 26, 2012
Revised Manuscript: November 11, 2012
Manuscript Accepted: November 15, 2012
Published: November 28, 2012

Citation
Yupeng Zhang, Lev G. Zimin, Jing Ji, Satoshi Ikezawa, and Toshitsugu Ueda, "Real scene capturing using spherical single-element lens camera and improved restoration algorithm for radially variant blur," Opt. Express 20, 27569-27588 (2012)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-20-25-27569


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