OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 20, Iss. 27 — Dec. 17, 2012
  • pp: 28153–28162

An integrated 12.5-Gb/s optoelectronic receiver with a silicon avalanche photodetectorin standard SiGe BiCMOS technology

Jin-Sung Youn, Myung-Jae Lee, Kang-Yeob Park, Holger Rücker, and Woo-Young Choi  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 20, Issue 27, pp. 28153-28162 (2012)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (3494 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



An optoelectronic integrated circuit (OEIC) receiver is realized with standard 0.25-μm SiGe BiCMOS technology for 850-nm optical interconnect applications. The OEIC receiver consists of a Si avalanche photodetector, a transimpedance amplifier with a DC-balanced buffer, a tunable equalizer, and a limiting amplifier. The fabricated OEIC receiver successfully detects 12.5-Gb/s 231-1 pseudorandom bit sequence optical data with the bit-error rate less than 10−12 at incident optical power of −7 dBm. The OEIC core has 1000 μm x 280 μm chip area, and consumes 59 mW from 2.5-V supply. To the best of our knowledge, this OEIC receiver achieves the highest data rate with the smallest sensitivity as well as the best power efficiency among integrated OEIC receivers fabricated with standard Si technology.

© 2012 OSA

OCIS Codes
(200.4650) Optics in computing : Optical interconnects
(250.3140) Optoelectronics : Integrated optoelectronic circuits
(250.1345) Optoelectronics : Avalanche photodiodes (APDs)

ToC Category:

Original Manuscript: September 18, 2012
Revised Manuscript: November 11, 2012
Manuscript Accepted: November 22, 2012
Published: December 4, 2012

Jin-Sung Youn, Myung-Jae Lee, Kang-Yeob Park, Holger Rücker, and Woo-Young Choi, "An integrated 12.5-Gb/s optoelectronic receiver with a silicon avalanche photodetector in standard SiGe BiCMOS technology," Opt. Express 20, 28153-28162 (2012)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. T.-K. Woodward and A. V. Krishnamoorthy, “1-Gb/s integrated optical detectors and receivers in commercial CMOS technologies,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.5(2), 146–156 (1999). [CrossRef]
  2. A. C. Carusone, H. Yasotharan, and T. Kao, “CMOS technology scaling considerations for multi-gbps optical receivers with integrated photodetectors,” IEEE J. Solid-state Circuits46(8), 1832–1842 (2011). [CrossRef]
  3. S. Radovanovic, A.-J. Annema, and B. Nauta, “A 3-Gb/s optical detector in standard CMOS for 850-nm optical communication,” IEEE J. Solid-state Circuits40(8), 1706–1717 (2005). [CrossRef]
  4. B. Nakhkoob, S. Ray, and M. M. Hella, “High speed photodiodes in standard nanometer scale CMOS technology: a comparative study,” Opt. Express20(10), 11256–11270 (2012). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. M. Jutzi, M. Grözing, E. Gaugler, W. Mazioschek, and M. Berroth, “2-Gb/s CMOS optical integrated receiver with a spatially modulated photodetector,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.17(6), 1268–1270 (2005). [CrossRef]
  6. W.-Z. Chen, S.-H. Huang, G.-W. Wu, C.-C. Liu, Y.-T. Huang, C.-F. Chiu, W.-H. Chang, and Y.-Z. Juang, “A 3.125 Gbps CMOS fully integrated optical receiver with adaptive analog equalizer,” in Proceedings of IEEE Asian Solid-State Circuits Conference (IEEE, 2007), pp. 396–399.
  7. F. Tavernier and M. S. J. Steyaert, “High-speed optical receivers with integrated photodiode in 130 nm CMOS,” IEEE J. Solid-state Circuits44(10), 2856–2867 (2009). [CrossRef]
  8. T. S. Kao, F. A. Musa, and A. C. Carusone, “A 5-Gbit/s CMOS optical receiver with integrated spatially modulated light detector and equalization,” IEEE Trans. Circuits Syst. I Regul. Pap.57(11), 2844–2857 (2010). [CrossRef]
  9. D. Lee, J. Han, G. Han, and S. M. Park, “An 8.5-Gb/s fully integrated CMOS optoelectronic receiver using slope-detection adaptive equalizer,” IEEE J. Solid-state Circuits45(12), 2861–2873 (2010). [CrossRef]
  10. S.-H. Huang, W.-Z. Chen, Y.-W. Chang, and Y.-T. Huang, “A 10-Gb/s OEIC with meshed spatially-modulated photo detector in 0.18-μm CMOS technology,” IEEE J. Solid-state Circuits46(5), 1158–1169 (2011). [CrossRef]
  11. H.-S. Kang, M.-J. Lee, and W.-Y. Choi, “Si avalanche photodetectors fabricated in standard complementary metal-oxide-semiconductor process,” Appl. Phys. Lett.90(15), 151118 (2007). [CrossRef]
  12. M.-J. Lee and W.-Y. Choi, “A silicon avalanche photodetector fabricated with standard CMOS technology with over 1 THz gain-bandwidth product,” Opt. Express18(23), 24189–24194 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. J.-S. Youn, M.-J. Lee, K.-Y. Park, and W.-Y. Choi, “10-Gb/s 850-nm CMOS OEIC receiver with a silicon avalanche photodetector,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.48(2), 229–236 (2012). [CrossRef]
  14. B. Heinemann, R. Barth, D. Knoll, H. Rücker, B. Tillack, and W. Winkler, “High-performance BiCMOS technologies without epitaxially-buried subcollectors and deep trenches,” Semicond. Sci. Technol.22(1), 153–157 (2007). [CrossRef]
  15. D. Kucharski, D. Guckenberger, G. Masini, S. Abdalla, J. Witzens, and S. Sahni, “10Gb/s 15mW optical receiver with integrated germanium photodetector and hybrid inductor peaking in 0.13 μm SOI CMOS technology,” in Proceedings of IEEE International Solid-State Circuits Conference (IEEE, 2010), pp. 360–361.
  16. J.-S. Youn, M.-J. Lee, K.-Y. Park, H. Rücker, and W.-Y. Choi, “A 12.5-Gb/s SiGe BiCMOS optical receiver with a monolithically integrated 850-nm avalanche photodetector,” in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication Conference (2012), paper OM3E2.
  17. M.-J. Lee, H. Rücker, and W.-Y. Choi, “Effects of guard-ring structures on the performance of silicon avalanche photodetectors fabricated with standard CMOS technology,” IEEE Electron Device Lett.33(1), 80–82 (2012). [CrossRef]
  18. M.-J. Lee, H.-S. Kang, and W.-Y. Choi, “Equivalent circuit model for Si avalanche photodetectors fabricated in standard CMOS process,” IEEE Electron Device Lett.29(10), 1115–1117 (2008). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited