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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 20, Iss. 27 — Dec. 17, 2012
  • pp: 28330–28340

Photorealistic ray tracing of free-space invisibility cloaks made of uniaxial dielectrics

Jad C. Halimeh and Martin Wegener  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 20, Issue 27, pp. 28330-28340 (2012)

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The design rules of transformation optics generally lead to spatially inhomogeneous and anisotropic impedance-matched magneto-dielectric material distributions for, e.g., free-space invisibility cloaks. Recently, simplified anisotropic non-magnetic free-space cloaks made of a locally uniaxial dielectric material (calcite) have been realized experimentally. In a two-dimensional setting and for in-plane polarized light propagating in this plane, the cloaking performance can still be perfect for light rays. However, for general views in three dimensions, various imperfections are expected. In this paper, we study two different purely dielectric uniaxial cylindrical free-space cloaks. For one, the optic axis is along the radial direction, for the other one it is along the azimuthal direction. The azimuthal uniaxial cloak has not been suggested previously to the best of our knowledge. We visualize the cloaking performance of both by calculating photorealistic images rendered by ray tracing. Following and complementing our previous ray-tracing work, we use an equation of motion directly derived from Fermat’s principle. The rendered images generally exhibit significant imperfections. This includes the obvious fact that cloaking does not work at all for horizontal or for ordinary linear polarization of light. Moreover, more subtle effects occur such as viewing-angle-dependent aberrations. However, we still find amazingly good cloaking performance for the purely dielectric azimuthal uniaxial cloak.

© 2012 OSA

OCIS Codes
(080.0080) Geometric optics : Geometric optics
(080.2710) Geometric optics : Inhomogeneous optical media
(160.3918) Materials : Metamaterials
(230.3205) Optical devices : Invisibility cloaks

Original Manuscript: September 26, 2012
Manuscript Accepted: October 18, 2012
Published: December 6, 2012

Jad C. Halimeh and Martin Wegener, "Photorealistic ray tracing of free-space invisibility cloaks made of uniaxial dielectrics," Opt. Express 20, 28330-28340 (2012)

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