OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 20, Iss. 27 — Dec. 17, 2012
  • pp: 28752–28757

Noise figure of hybrid optical parametric amplifiers

Michel E. Marhic  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 20, Issue 27, pp. 28752-28757 (2012)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.20.028752


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (753 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

Following a fiber optical parametric amplifier, used as a wavelength converter or in the phase-sensitive mode, by a phase-insensitive amplifier (PIA) can significantly reduce four-wave mixing between signals in broadband systems. We derive the quantum mechanical noise figures (NF) for these two hybrid configurations, and show that adding the PIA only leads to a moderate increase in NF.

© 2012 OSA

OCIS Codes
(060.2320) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber optics amplifiers and oscillators
(190.4370) Nonlinear optics : Nonlinear optics, fibers

ToC Category:
Fiber Optics and Optical Communications

History
Original Manuscript: October 18, 2012
Revised Manuscript: November 27, 2012
Manuscript Accepted: November 29, 2012
Published: December 11, 2012

Citation
Michel E. Marhic, "Noise figure of hybrid optical parametric amplifiers," Opt. Express 20, 28752-28757 (2012)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-20-27-28752


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. A. E. Willner, Z. Pan, and M. I. Hayee, “Major accomplishments in 2010 on optical fiber communications,” IEEE Photon. J.3(2), 320–324 (2011). [CrossRef]
  2. D. Qian, M.-F. Huang, E. Ip, Y.-K. Huang, Y. Shao, J. Hu, and T. Wang, “101.7-Tb/s (370×294-Gb/s) PDM-128QAM-OFDM transmission over 3x55-km SSMF using pilot-based phase noise mitigation,” in Proceedings of OFC/NFOEC 2011, Anaheim, CA, March 6–10, 2011, paper PDPB5.
  3. M. E. Marhic, Fiber Optical Parametric Amplifiers, Oscillators and Related Devices (Cambridge University Press, 2007).
  4. C. M. Caves, “Quantum limits on noise in linear amplifiers,” Phys. Rev. D Part. Fields26(8), 1817–1839 (1982). [CrossRef]
  5. P. A. Andrekson, C. Lundstrom, and Z. Tong, “Phase-sensitive fiber-optic parametric amplifiers and their applications,” in Proceedings of ECOC2010, 19–23 September 2010, Turin, Italy, We.6.E.1.
  6. Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. J. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannakul, B. J. Puttnam, H. Toda, and L. Grüner-Nielsen, “Towards ultrasensitive optical links enabled by low-noise phase-sensitive amplifiers,” Nat. Photonics5(7), 430–436 (2011). [CrossRef]
  7. Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, M. Karlsson, and A. Bogris, “Ultralow noise, broadband phase-sensitive optical amplifiers, and their applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.18(2), 1016–1032 (2012). [CrossRef]
  8. J. L. Blows, “Design strategy for controlling four-wave mixing-induced crosstalk between channels in a fibre optical parametric amplifier,” Opt. Commun.236(1-3), 115–122 (2004). [CrossRef]
  9. J. L. Blows and P.- Hu, “Cross-talk-induced limitations of two-pump optical fiber parametric amplifiers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B21(5), 989–995 (2004). [CrossRef]
  10. P.- Hu and J. L. Blows, “Four-wave mixing crosstalk in optical fibre parametric amplifiers with orthogonal pumps,” Opt. Commun.250(4-6), 421–427 (2005). [CrossRef]
  11. J. M. C. Boggio, J. D. Marconi, and H. L. Fragnito, “Crosstalk in double-pumped fiber optic parametric amplifiers for wavelength division multiplexing systems,” Opt. Commun.259(1), 94–103 (2006). [CrossRef]
  12. J. M. C. Boggio, E. A. M. Fagotto, M. E. Marhic, F. A. Callegari, and H. L. Fragnito “Amplification of 12 × 10 Gb/s WDM signals with negligible FWM crosstalk in a double-pumped fiber optical parametric amplifier,” Opt. Commun.280(2), 468–471 (2007). [CrossRef]
  13. B. P.-P. Kuo, P. C. Chui, and K. K.-Y. Wong, “A comprehensive study on crosstalk suppression techniques in fiber optical parametric amplifier by modulation format,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.14(3), 659–665 (2008). [CrossRef]
  14. M. Jamshidifar, A. Vedadi, and M. E. Marhic, “Reduction of four-wave mixing crosstalk in a short fiber optical parametric amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.21(17), 1244–1246 (2009). [CrossRef]
  15. N. E. Dahdah, D. S. Govan, M. Jamshidifar, N. J. Doran, and M. E. Marhic, “Fiber optical parametric amplifier performance in a 1-Tb/s DWDM communication system,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.18(2), 950–957 (2012). [CrossRef]
  16. M. E. Marhic, “Hybrid phase-sensitive and phase-insensitive amplifiers for optical communication,” in Proceedings of 17th OECC, Busan, Korea, July 2–6 2012.
  17. H. Friis, “Noise figures of radio receivers,” Proc. I.R.E. 32, 419–422 (1944).
  18. H. Haus, “The noise figure of optical amplifiers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.10(11), 1602–1604 (1998). [CrossRef]
  19. Y. Yamamoto and K. Inoue, “Noise in amplifiers,” J. Lightwave Technol.21(11), 2895–2915 (2003). [CrossRef]
  20. C. McKinstrie, M. Yu, M. G. Raymer, and S. Radic, “Quantum noise properties of parametric processes,” Opt. Express13(13), 4986–5012 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  21. C. J. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, and Z. Tong, “Field-quadrature and photon-number correlations produced by parametric processes,” Opt. Express18(19), 19792–19823 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  22. U. Leonhardt, “Quantum physics of simple optical instruments,” Rep. Prog. Phys.66(7), 1207–1249 (2003). [CrossRef]
  23. B. Corcoran, S. L. I. Olsson, C. Lundström, M. Karlsson, and P. Andrekson, “Phase-sensitive optical pre-amplifier implemented in an 80 km DQPSK link,” in Proceedings of OFC/NFOEC 2012, Los Angeles, CA, March 6–8, 2012, paper PDP5A.4.

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

Figures

Fig. 1 Fig. 2
 

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited