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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 20, Iss. 3 — Jan. 30, 2012
  • pp: 2062–2072

Developing arrayed waveguide grating spectrographs for multi-object astronomical spectroscopy

Nick Cvetojevic, Nemanja Jovanovic, Jon Lawrence, Michael Withford, and Joss Bland-Hawthorn  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 20, Issue 3, pp. 2062-2072 (2012)

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With the aim of utilizing arrayed waveguide gratings for multi-object spectroscopy in the field of astronomy, we outline several ways in which standard telecommunications grade chips should be modified. In particular, by removing the parabolic-horn taper or multimode interference coupler, and injecting with an optical fiber directly, the resolving power was increased threefold from 2400 ± 200 (spectral resolution of 0.63 ± 0.2 nm) to 7000 ± 700 (0.22 ± 0.02 nm) while attaining a throughput of 77 ± 5%. More importantly, the removal of the taper enabled simultaneous off-axis injection from multiple fibers, significantly increasing the number of spectra that can be obtained at once (i.e. the observing efficiency). Here we report that ~12 fibers can be injected simultaneously within the free spectral range of our device, with a 20% reduction in resolving power for fibers placed at 0.8 mm off-centre.

© 2012 OSA

OCIS Codes
(110.5100) Imaging systems : Phased-array imaging systems
(130.3120) Integrated optics : Integrated optics devices
(230.1150) Optical devices : All-optical devices
(300.6190) Spectroscopy : Spectrometers
(350.1260) Other areas of optics : Astronomical optics

ToC Category:
Integrated Optics

Original Manuscript: September 22, 2011
Revised Manuscript: November 11, 2011
Manuscript Accepted: December 23, 2011
Published: January 17, 2012

Nick Cvetojevic, Nemanja Jovanovic, Jon Lawrence, Michael Withford, and Joss Bland-Hawthorn, "Developing arrayed waveguide grating spectrographs for multi-object astronomical spectroscopy," Opt. Express 20, 2062-2072 (2012)

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