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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 20, Iss. 3 — Jan. 30, 2012
  • pp: 2460–2465

Stable mode-locked fiber laser based on CVD fabricated graphene saturable absorber

Pi Ling Huang, Shau-Ching Lin, Chao-Yung Yeh, Hsin-Hui Kuo, Shr-Hau Huang, Gong-Ru Lin, Lain-Jong Li, Ching-Yuan Su, and Wood-Hi Cheng  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 20, Issue 3, pp. 2460-2465 (2012)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.20.002460


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Abstract

A stable mode-locked fiber laser (MLFL) employing multi-layer graphene as saturable absorber (SA) is presented. The multi-layer graphene were grown by chemical vapor deposition (CVD) on Ni close to A-A stacking. Linear absorbance spectrum of multi-layer graphene was observed without absorption peak from 400 to 2000 nm. Optical nonlinearities of different atomic-layers (7-, 11-, 14-, and 21- layers) graphene based SA are investigated and compared. The results found that the thicker 21-layer graphene based SA exhibited a smaller modulation depth (MD) value of 2.93% due to more available density of states in the band structure of multi-layer graphene and favored SA nonlinearity. A stable MLFL of 21-layer graphene based SA showed a pulsewidth of 432.47 fs, a bandwidth of 6.16 nm, and a time-bandwidth product (TBP) of 0.323 at fundamental soliton-like operation. This study demonstrates that the atomic-layer structure of graphene from CVD process may provide a reliable graphene based SA for stable soliton-like pulse formation of the MLFL.

© 2012 OSA

OCIS Codes
(060.4370) Fiber optics and optical communications : Nonlinear optics, fibers
(140.4050) Lasers and laser optics : Mode-locked lasers

ToC Category:
Lasers and Laser Optics

History
Original Manuscript: November 11, 2011
Revised Manuscript: January 10, 2012
Manuscript Accepted: January 11, 2012
Published: January 19, 2012

Citation
Pi Ling Huang, Shau-Ching Lin, Chao-Yung Yeh, Hsin-Hui Kuo, Shr-Hau Huang, Gong-Ru Lin, Lain-Jong Li, Ching-Yuan Su, and Wood-Hi Cheng, "Stable mode-locked fiber laser based on CVD fabricated graphene saturable absorber," Opt. Express 20, 2460-2465 (2012)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-20-3-2460


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