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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 20, Iss. 3 — Jan. 30, 2012
  • pp: 2657–2667

Solitons supported by spatially inhomogeneous nonlinear losses

Olga V. Borovkova, Yaroslav V. Kartashov, Victor A. Vysloukh, Valery E. Lobanov, Boris A. Malomed, and Lluis Torner  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 20, Issue 3, pp. 2657-2667 (2012)

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We uncover that, in contrast to the common belief, stable dissipative solitons exist in media with uniform gain in the presence of nonuniform cubic losses, whose local strength grows with coordinate η (in one dimension) faster than |η| . The spatially-inhomogeneous absorption also supports new types of solitons, that do not exist in uniform dissipative media. In particular, single-well absorption profiles give rise to spontaneous symmetry breaking of fundamental solitons in the presence of uniform focusing nonlinearity, while stable dipoles are supported by double-well absorption landscapes. Dipole solitons also feature symmetry breaking, but under defocusing nonlinearity.

© 2012 OSA

OCIS Codes
(190.5940) Nonlinear optics : Self-action effects
(190.6135) Nonlinear optics : Spatial solitons

ToC Category:
Nonlinear Optics

Original Manuscript: December 20, 2011
Revised Manuscript: January 12, 2012
Manuscript Accepted: January 12, 2012
Published: January 20, 2012

Olga V. Borovkova, Yaroslav V. Kartashov, Victor A. Vysloukh, Valery E. Lobanov, Boris A. Malomed, and Lluis Torner, "Solitons supported by spatially inhomogeneous nonlinear losses," Opt. Express 20, 2657-2667 (2012)

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