OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 20, Iss. 3 — Jan. 30, 2012
  • pp: 3034–3042

Fully continuous liquid crystal diffraction grating with alternating semi-circular alignment by imprinting

Jiyoon Kim, Jun-Hee Na, and Sin-Doo Lee  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 20, Issue 3, pp. 3034-3042 (2012)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (1967 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



We demonstrate a fully continuous liquid crystal (LC) grating device with the alternating semi-circular alignment which exhibits the switching effect between the diffraction orders independent of the thickness of the LC cell. The continuous phase modulation in the LC grating with the rotational symmetry was achieved on a micro-imprinted surface where the semi-circular alignment of the LC was spontaneously produced. Our LC grating device in the hybrid geometry exhibited the perfect continuity of the phase retardation and the switchable diffraction with the diffraction efficiency of 44% at ±1st orders as a function of an applied voltage. It was found that the symmetry of the input polarization direction with respect to the grating patterns results in the interchange between two symmetric grating configurations.

© 2012 OSA

OCIS Codes
(050.0050) Diffraction and gratings : Diffraction and gratings
(050.2770) Diffraction and gratings : Gratings
(230.1950) Optical devices : Diffraction gratings

ToC Category:
Diffraction and Gratings

Original Manuscript: November 22, 2011
Revised Manuscript: January 18, 2012
Manuscript Accepted: January 19, 2012
Published: January 25, 2012

Jiyoon Kim, Jun-Hee Na, and Sin-Doo Lee, "Fully continuous liquid crystal diffraction grating with alternating semi-circular alignment by imprinting," Opt. Express 20, 3034-3042 (2012)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. M. Ivanov and T. Eiju, “Compact spectral ellipsometer with polarization grating,” Proc. SPIE4580, 664–672 (2001). [CrossRef]
  2. J. A. Davis, J. Adachi, C. R. Fernández-Pousa, and I. Moreno, “Polarization beam splitters using polarization diffraction gratings,” Opt. Lett.26(9), 587–589 (2001). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. E. Hasman, Z. Bomzon, A. Niv, G. Biener, and V. Kleiner, “Polarization beam-splitters and optical switches based on space-variant computer-generated subwavelength quasi-periodic structures,” Opt. Commun.209(1-3), 45–54 (2002). [CrossRef]
  4. S. Jung, J.-H. Park, H. Choi, and B. Lee, “Wide-viewing integral three-dimensional imaging by use of orthogonal polarization switching,” Appl. Opt.42(14), 2513–2520 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. S. R. Nersisyan, N. V. Tabiryan, D. M. Steeves, and B. R. Kimball, “The promise of diffractive waveplates,” Opt. Photonics News21(3), 40–45 (2010). [CrossRef]
  6. S. R. Nersisyan, N. V. Tabiryan, D. M. Steeves, and B. R. Kimball, “Optical axes gratings in liquid crystals and their use for polarization insensitive optical switching,” J. Nonlinear Opt. Phys. Mater.18(01), 1–47 (2009). [CrossRef]
  7. M. Le Doucen and P. Pellat-Finet, “Polarization properties and diffraction efficiencies of binary anisotropic gratings: general study and experiments on ferroelectric liquid crystals,” Opt. Commun.151(4-6), 321–330 (1998). [CrossRef]
  8. J. Chen, P. J. Bos, H. Vithana, and D. L. Johnson, “An electro‐optically controlled liquid crystal diffraction grating,” Appl. Phys. Lett.67(18), 2588–2590 (1995). [CrossRef]
  9. C. M. Titus and P. J. Bos, “Efficient, polarization-independent, reflective liquid crystal phase grating,” Appl. Phys. Lett.71(16), 2239–2241 (1997). [CrossRef]
  10. Z. He and S. Sato, “Polarization properties of inversely twisted nematic liquid-crystal gratings,” Appl. Opt.37(28), 6755–6763 (1998). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. B. Wen, R. G. Petschek, and C. Rosenblatt, “Nematic liquid-crystal polarization gratings by modification of surface alignment,” Appl. Opt.41(7), 1246–1250 (2002). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. C.-J. Yu, D.-W. Kim, J. Kim, and S.-D. Lee, “Polarization-invariant grating based on a photoaligned liquid crystal in an oppositely twisted binary configuration,” Opt. Lett.30(15), 1995–1997 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. J.-H. Park, I. C. Khoo, C.-J. Yu, M.-S. Jung, and S.-D. Lee, “Formation of binary phase gratings in photopolymer-liquid crystal composites by a surface-controlled anisotropic phase separation,” Appl. Phys. Lett.86(2), 021906 (2005). [CrossRef]
  14. E. Jang, H.-R. Kim, Y.-J. Na, and S.-D. Lee, “Multistage optical memory of a liquid crystal diffraction grating in a single beam rewriting scheme,” Appl. Phys. Lett.91(7), 071109 (2007). [CrossRef]
  15. M. Zhu, G. Carbone, and C. Rosenblatt, “Electrically switchable, polarization-independent diffraction grating based on negative dielectric anisotropy liquid crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett.88(25), 253502 (2006). [CrossRef]
  16. C. Provenzano, P. Pagliusi, and G. Cipparrone, “Highly efficient liquid crystal based diffraction grating induced by polarization holograms at the aligning surfaces,” Appl. Phys. Lett.89(12), 121105 (2006). [CrossRef]
  17. H. Sarkissian, S. V. Serak, N. V. Tabiryan, L. B. Glebov, V. Rotar, and B. Y. Zeldovich, “Polarization-controlled switching between diffraction orders in transverse-periodically aligned nematic liquid crystals,” Opt. Lett.31(15), 2248–2250 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. C. Oh and M. J. Escuti, “Achromatic diffraction from polarization gratings with high efficiency,” Opt. Lett.33(20), 2287–2289 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. V. Presnyakov, K. Asatryan, T. Galstian, and V. Chigrinov, “Optical polarization grating induced liquid crystal micro-structure using azo-dye command layer,” Opt. Express14(22), 10558–10564 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. J.-C. Chao, W.-Y. Wu, and A. Y.-G. Fuh, “Diffraction characteristics of a liquid crystal polarization grating analyzed using the finite-difference time-domain method,” Opt. Express15(25), 16702–16711 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  21. M. Honma and T. Nose, “Liquid-crystal blazed grating with azimuthally distributed liquid-crystal directors,” Appl. Opt.43(27), 5193–5197 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  22. N. Bennis, M. A. Geday, X. Quintana, B. Cerrolaza, D. P. Medialdea, A. Spadlo, R. Dabrowski, and J. M. Oton, ““Nearly-analogue blazed grating using high birefringence liquid crystal,” Opto-Electron. Rev.17, 112–115 (2009).
  23. Y.-W. Lim, C.-H. Kwak, and S.-D. Lee, “Anisotropic nano-imprinting technique for fabricating a patterned optical film of a liquid crystalline polymer,” J. Nanosci. Nanotechnol.8(9), 4775–4778 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  24. D. W. Berreman, “Solid surface shape and the alignment of an adjacent nematic liquid crystal,” Phys. Rev. Lett.28(26), 1683–1686 (1972). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited