OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 20, Iss. 3 — Jan. 30, 2012
  • pp: 3235–3240

Continuous-wave interband cascade lasers operating above room temperature at λ = 4.7-5.6 μm

William W. Bewley, Chadwick L. Canedy, Chul Soo Kim, Mijin Kim, Charles D. Merritt, Joshua Abell, Igor Vurgaftman, and Jerry R. Meyer  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 20, Issue 3, pp. 3235-3240 (2012)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.20.003235


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (1038 KB) | SpotlightSpotlight on Optics





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

We have substantially improved the performance of interband cascade lasers emitting at λ = 4.7 and 5.6 μm, by applying the recently-pioneered approach of heavily doping the injector regions to rebalance the electron and hole concentrations in the active quantum wells. Ridges of ≈10 μm width, 4 mm length, and high-reflectivity back facets achieve maximum continuous wave operating temperatures of 60°C and 48°C, respectively. The threshold power density of ≈1 kW/cm2 at T = 25°C is over an order of magnitude lower than for state-of-the-art quantum cascade lasers emitting in this spectral range.

© 2012 OSA

OCIS Codes
(140.2020) Lasers and laser optics : Diode lasers
(140.5960) Lasers and laser optics : Semiconductor lasers

ToC Category:
Lasers and Laser Optics

History
Original Manuscript: January 10, 2012
Revised Manuscript: January 23, 2012
Manuscript Accepted: January 23, 2012
Published: January 26, 2012

Virtual Issues
March 22, 2012 Spotlight on Optics

Citation
William W. Bewley, Chadwick L. Canedy, Chul Soo Kim, Mijin Kim, Charles D. Merritt, Joshua Abell, Igor Vurgaftman, and Jerry R. Meyer, "Continuous-wave interband cascade lasers operating above room temperature at λ = 4.7-5.6 μm," Opt. Express 20, 3235-3240 (2012)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-20-3-3235


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. R. Q. Yang, “Infrared-laser based on intersubband transitions in quantum-wells,” Superlattices Microstruct.17(1), 77–83 (1995). [CrossRef]
  2. J. R. Meyer, I. Vurgaftman, R. Q. Yang, and L. R. Ram-Mohan, “Type-II and type-I interband cascade lasers,” Electron. Lett.32(1), 45–46 (1996). [CrossRef]
  3. C.-H. Lin, R. Q. Yang, D. Zhang, S. J. Murry, S. S. Pei, A. A. Allerman, and S. R. Kurtz, “Type-II interband quantum cascade laser at 3.8 μm,” Electron. Lett.33(7), 598–599 (1997). [CrossRef]
  4. I. Vurgaftman, C. L. Canedy, C. S. Kim, M. Kim, W. W. Bewley, J. R. Lindle, J. Abell, and J. R. Meyer, “Mid-infrared interband cascade lasers operating at ambient temperatures,” New J. Phys.11(12), 125015 (2009). [CrossRef]
  5. W. W. Bewley, C. L. Canedy, C. S. Kim, M. Kim, J. R. Lindle, J. Abell, I. Vurgaftman, and J. R. Meyer, “Ridge width dependence of mid-infrared interband cascade laser characteristics,” Opt. Eng.49(11), 111116 (2010). [CrossRef]
  6. I. Vurgaftman, W. W. Bewley, C. L. Canedy, C. S. Kim, M. Kim, J. R. Lindle, C. D. Merritt, J. Abell, and J. R. Meyer, “Mid-IR type-II interband cascade lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.17(5), 1435–1444 (2011). [CrossRef]
  7. I. Vurgaftman, W. W. Bewley, C. L. Canedy, C. S. Kim, M. Kim, C. D. Merritt, J. Abell, J. R. Lindle, and J. R. Meyer, “Rebalancing of internally generated carriers for mid-infrared interband cascade lasers with very low power consumption,” Nature Commun2, 585 (2011). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. C. L. Canedy, W. W. Bewley, J. R. Lindle, J. A. Nolde, D. C. Larrabee, C. S. Kim, M. Kim, I. Vurgaftman, and J. R. Meyer, “Interband cascade lasers with wavelenghths spanning 2.9 μm to 5.2 μm,” J. Electron. Mater.37(12), 1780–1785 (2008). [CrossRef]
  9. Z. Tian, C. Chen, R. Q. Yang, T. D. Mishima, M. B. Santos, J. C. Keay, M. B. Johnson, and J. F. Klem, “InAs-based plasmon-waveguide interband cascade lasers,” Proc. SPIE7616, 76161B, 76161B-9 (2010). [CrossRef]
  10. A. Lyakh, R. Maulini, A. Tsekoun, R. Go, C. Pflügl, L. Diehl, Q. J. Wang, F. Capasso, and C. K. N. Patel, “3 W continuous-wave room temperature single-facet emission from quantum cascade lasers based on nonresonant extraction design approach,” Appl. Phys. Lett.95(14), 141113 (2009). [CrossRef]
  11. Y. Bai, S. Slivken, S. R. Darvish, and M. Razeghi, “Room-temperature continuous-wave operation of quantum cascade lasers with 12.5% wall plug efficiency,” Appl. Phys. Lett.93(2), 021103 (2008). [CrossRef]
  12. C. L. Canedy, C. S. Kim, M. Kim, D. C. Larrabee, J. A. Nolde, W. W. Bewley, I. Vurgaftman, and J. R. Meyer, “High-power, narrow-ridge, mid-infared interband cascade lasers,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol.26(3), 1160–1162 (2008). [CrossRef]
  13. Y. Bai, S. R. Darvish, N. Bandyopadhyay, S. Slivken, and M. Razeghi, “Optimizing facet coating of quantum cascade lasers for low power consumption,” J. Appl. Phys.109(5), 053103 (2011). [CrossRef]
  14. C. S. Kim, M. Kim, J. R. Lindle, W. W. Bewley, C. L. Canedy, J. Abell, I. Vurgaftman, and J. R. Meyer, “Corrugated-sidewall interband cascade lasers single-mode midwave-infrared emission at room temperature,” Appl. Phys. Lett.95(23), 231103 (2009). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

Figures

Fig. 1 Fig. 2 Fig. 3
 
Fig. 4
 

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited