OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 20, Iss. 3 — Jan. 30, 2012
  • pp: 3261–3267

Stable optical phase modulation with micromirrors

Caleb Knoernschild, Taehyun Kim, Peter Maunz, Stephen G. Crain, and Jungsang Kim  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 20, Issue 3, pp. 3261-3267 (2012)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.20.003261


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (1254 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

We measure the motional fluctuations of a micromechanical mirror using a Michelson interferometer, and demonstrate its interferometric stability. The position stability of the micromirror is dominated by the thermal mechanical noise of the structure. With this level of stability, we utilize the micromirror to realize an optical phase modulator by simply reflecting light off the mirror and modulating its position. The resonant frequency of the modulator can be tuned by applying a voltage between the mirror and an underlying electrode. Full modulation depth of ±π is achieved when the mirror resonantly excited with a sinusoidal voltage at an amplitude of 11V.

© 2012 OSA

OCIS Codes
(120.5060) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Phase modulation
(230.4040) Optical devices : Mirrors
(230.4685) Optical devices : Optical microelectromechanical devices

ToC Category:
Optical Devices

History
Original Manuscript: November 9, 2011
Revised Manuscript: January 20, 2012
Manuscript Accepted: January 22, 2012
Published: January 27, 2012

Citation
Caleb Knoernschild, Taehyun Kim, Peter Maunz, Stephen G. Crain, and Jungsang Kim, "Stable optical phase modulation with micromirrors," Opt. Express 20, 3261-3267 (2012)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-20-3-3261


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. D. T. Neilson, R. Frahm, P. Kolodner, C. A. Bolle, R. Ryf, J. Kim, A. R. Papazian, C. J. Nuzman, A. Gasparyan, N. R. Basavanhally, V. A. Aksyuk, and J. V. Gates, “256 × 256 port optical cross-connect subsystem,” J. Lightwave Technol.22, 1499–1509 (2004). [CrossRef]
  2. J. Kim, C. J. Nuzman, B. Kumar, D. F. Lieuwen, J. S. Kraus, A. Weiss, C. P. Lichtenwalner, A. R. Papazian, R. E. Frahm, N. R. Basavanhally, D. A. Ramsey, V. A. Aksyuk, F. Pardo, M. E. Simon, V. Lifton, H. B. Chan, M. Haueis, A. Gasparyan, H. R. Shea, S. Arney, C. A. Bolle, P. R. Kolodner, R. Ryf, D. T. Neilson, and J. V. Gates, “1100 × 1100 port MEMS-based optical crossconnect with 4-dB maximum loss,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.15, 1537–1539 (2003). [CrossRef]
  3. R. A. Conant, P. M. Hagelin, U. Krishnamoorthy, M. Hart, O. Solgaard, K. Y. Lau, and R. S. Muller, “A raster-scanning full-motion video display using polysilicon micromachined mirrors,” Sens. Actuators A83, 291–296 (2000). [CrossRef]
  4. K. Castelino, V. Milanovic, and D. McCormick, “MEMS-based high-speed low-power vector display,” International Conference on Optical MEMS and Their Applications IEEE/LEOS (IEEE, 2005), pp. 127 –128. [CrossRef]
  5. D. L. Moehring, M. J. Madsen, K. C. Younge, R. N. Kohn, P. Maunz, L.-M. Duan, C. Monroe, and B. B. Blinov, “Quantum networking with photons and trapped atoms,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B24, 300–315 (2007). [CrossRef]
  6. L. Luo, D. Hayes, T. Manning, D. Matsukevich, P. Maunz, S. Olmschenk, J. Sterk, and C. Monroe, “Protocols and techniques for a scalable atom-photon quantum network,” Fortschr. Phys.57, 1133–1152 (2009). [CrossRef]
  7. C. Knoernschild, C. Kim, F. P. Lu, and J. Kim, “Multiplexed broadband beam steering system utilizing high speed MEMS mirrors,” Opt. Express17, 7233–7244 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. C. Knoernschild, X. L. Zhang, L. Isenhower, A. T. Gill, F. P. Lu, M. Saffman, and J. Kim, “Independent individual addressing of multiple neutral atom qubits with a micromirror-based beam steering system,” Appl. Phys. Lett.97, 134101 (2010). [CrossRef]
  9. M. Gottlieb, C. L. M. Ireland, and J. M. Ley, Electro-Optic and Acousto-Optic Scanning and Deflection (M. Dekker, 1983).
  10. F. Schmidt-Kaler, H. Häffner, S. Gulde, M. Riebe, G. Lancaster, T. Deuschle, C. Becher, W. Hänsel, J. Eschner, C. Roos, and R. Blatt, “How to realize a universal quantum gate with trapped ions,” Appl. Phys. B77, 789–796 (2003). [CrossRef]
  11. S. Kim, R. R. Mcleod, M. Saffman, and K. H. Wagner, “Doppler-free, multiwavelength acousto-optic deflector for two-photon addressing arrays of Rb atoms in a quantum information processor,” Appl. Opt.47, 1816–1831 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. S. X. Wang, J. Labaziewicz, Y. Ge, R. Shewmon, and I. L. Chuang, “Demonstration of a quantum logic gate in a cryogenic surface-electrode ion trap,” Phys. Rev. A81, 062332 (2010). [CrossRef]
  13. C. Kim, C. Knoernschild, B. Liu, and J. Kim, “Design and characterization of MEMS micromirrors for ion-trap quantum computation,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.13, 322–329 (2007). [CrossRef]
  14. M. Andrews, I. Harris, and G. Turner, “A comparison of squeeze-film theory with measurements on a microstructure,” Sens. Actuators A36, 79–87 (1993). [CrossRef]
  15. C. Knoernschild, C. Kim, B. Liu, F. P. Lu, and J. Kim, “MEMS-based optical beam steering system for quantum information processing in two-dimensional atomic systems,” Opt. Lett.33, 273–275 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. B. E. A. Saleh and M. C. Teich, Fundamentals of Photonics (Wiley-Interscience, 2007).
  17. Z. Djuric, “Mechanisms of noise sources in microelectromechanical systems,” Microelectron. Reliab.40, 919–932 (2000). [CrossRef]
  18. J. E. Debs, N. P. Robins, A. Lance, M. B. Kruger, and J. D. Close, “Piezo-locking a diode laser with saturated absorption spectroscopy,” Appl. Opt.47, 5163–5166 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

Figures

Fig. 1 Fig. 2 Fig. 3
 

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited