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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 20, Iss. 3 — Jan. 30, 2012
  • pp: 3345–3352

Sub-diffraction thin-film sensing with planar terahertz metamaterials

Withawat Withayachumnankul, Hungyen Lin, Kazunori Serita, Charan M. Shah, Sharath Sriram, Madhu Bhaskaran, Masayoshi Tonouchi, Christophe Fumeaux, and Derek Abbott  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 20, Issue 3, pp. 3345-3352 (2012)

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Planar metamaterials consisting of subwavelength resonators have been recently proposed for thin dielectric film sensing in the terahertz frequency range. Although the thickness of the dielectric film can be very small compared with the wavelength, the required area of sensed material is still determined by the diffraction-limited spot size of the terahertz beam excitation. In this article, terahertz near-field sensing is utilized to reduce the spot size. By positioning the metamaterial sensing platform close to the sub-diffraction terahertz source, the number of excited resonators, and hence minimal film area, are significantly reduced. As an additional advantage, a reduction in the number of excited resonators decreases the inter-cell coupling strength, and consequently the resonance Q factor is remarkably increased. The experimental results show that the resonance Q factor is improved by more than a factor of two compared to the far-field measurement. Moreover, for a film with a thickness of λ/375 the minimal area can be as small as 0.2λ × 0.2λ. The success of this work provides a platform for future metamaterial-based sensors for biomolecular detection.

© 2012 OSA

OCIS Codes
(160.3918) Materials : Metamaterials
(300.6495) Spectroscopy : Spectroscopy, teraherz

ToC Category:

Original Manuscript: December 19, 2011
Revised Manuscript: January 21, 2012
Manuscript Accepted: January 23, 2012
Published: January 27, 2012

Withawat Withayachumnankul, Hungyen Lin, Kazunori Serita, Charan M. Shah, Sharath Sriram, Madhu Bhaskaran, Masayoshi Tonouchi, Christophe Fumeaux, and Derek Abbott, "Sub-diffraction thin-film sensing with planar terahertz metamaterials," Opt. Express 20, 3345-3352 (2012)

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