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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 20, Iss. 4 — Feb. 13, 2012
  • pp: 3642–3653

Resolution limitations for tailored picture-generating freeform surfaces

S. Zwick, R. Feßler, J. Jegorov, and G. Notni  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 20, Issue 4, pp. 3642-3653 (2012)

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Picture-generating freeform surfaces are able to generate a picture in a defined plane by incoherent beam shaping comparable to illumination purposes. No classical imaging is performed. Therefore the classical Rayleigh criterion of the diffraction limit cannot be applied. In this paper, we investigate the physical light formation of picture-generating freeform surfaces using Fresnel-Huygens-based simulations. A criterion for the diffraction limit was found. The resolution of such surfaces is significantly inferior to the resolution of classical imaging systems. However, in many cases, such systems are limited by the geometrical resolution. The influence of those two limitations were examined and a maximum of resolution, being limited by diffraction and by geometrical parameters can be found.

© 2012 OSA

OCIS Codes
(050.1940) Diffraction and gratings : Diffraction
(350.3950) Other areas of optics : Micro-optics
(350.5730) Other areas of optics : Resolution
(080.4228) Geometric optics : Nonspherical mirror surfaces
(220.4298) Optical design and fabrication : Nonimaging optics
(070.7345) Fourier optics and signal processing : Wave propagation

ToC Category:
Imaging Systems

Original Manuscript: September 13, 2011
Revised Manuscript: December 15, 2011
Manuscript Accepted: December 18, 2011
Published: January 31, 2012

S. Zwick, R. Feßler, J. Jegorov, and G. Notni, "Resolution limitations for tailored picture-generating freeform surfaces," Opt. Express 20, 3642-3653 (2012)

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