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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 20, Iss. 4 — Feb. 13, 2012
  • pp: 4124–4135

Near-field probing of slow Bloch modes on photonic crystals with a nanoantenna

T-P. Vo, M. Mivelle, S. Callard, A. Rahmani, F. Baida, D. Charraut, A. Belarouci, D. Nedeljkovic, C. Seassal, G.W. Burr, and T. Grosjean  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 20, Issue 4, pp. 4124-4135 (2012)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.20.004124


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Abstract

We study the near-field probing of the slow Bloch laser mode of a photonic crystal by a bowtie nano-aperture (BNA) positioned at the end of a metal-coated fiber probe. We show that the BNA acts as a polarizing nanoprobe allowing us to extract information about the polarization of the near-field of the slow-light mode, without causing any significant perturbation of the lasing process. Near-field experiments reveal a spatial resolution better than λ/20 and a polarization ratio as strong as 110. We also demonstrate that the collection efficiency is two orders of magnitude larger for the BNA than for a 200 nm large circular aperture opened at the apex of the same metal-coated fiber tip. The BNA allows for overcoming one of the main limitations of SNOM linked to the well-known trade off between resolution and signal-to-noise ratio.

© 2012 OSA

OCIS Codes
(350.4238) Other areas of optics : Nanophotonics and photonic crystals
(180.4243) Microscopy : Near-field microscopy
(130.5440) Integrated optics : Polarization-selective devices

ToC Category:
Photonic Crystals

History
Original Manuscript: November 23, 2011
Revised Manuscript: January 26, 2012
Manuscript Accepted: January 31, 2012
Published: February 3, 2012

Virtual Issues
Vol. 7, Iss. 4 Virtual Journal for Biomedical Optics

Citation
T-P. Vo, M. Mivelle, S. Callard, A. Rahmani, F. Baida, D. Charraut, A. Belarouci, D. Nedeljkovic, C. Seassal, G.W. Burr, and T. Grosjean, "Near-field probing of slow Bloch modes on photonic crystals with a nanoantenna," Opt. Express 20, 4124-4135 (2012)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-20-4-4124


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