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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 20, Iss. 4 — Feb. 13, 2012
  • pp: 4470–4483

Quantum-correlated two-photon transitions to excitons in semiconductor quantum wells

L. J. Salazar, D. A. Guzmán, F. J. Rodríguez, and L. Quiroga  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 20, Issue 4, pp. 4470-4483 (2012)

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The dependence of the excitonic two-photon absorption on the quantum correlations (entanglement) of exciting biphotons by a semiconductor quantum well is studied. We show that entangled photon absorption can display very unusual features depending on space-time-polarization biphoton parameters and absorber density of states for both bound exciton states as well as for unbound electron-hole pairs. We report on the connection between biphoton entanglement, as quantified by the Schmidt number, and absorption by a semiconductor quantum well. Comparison between frequency-anti-correlated, unentangled and frequency-correlated biphoton absorption is addressed. We found that exciton oscillator strengths are highly increased when photons arrive almost simultaneously in an entangled state. Two-photon-absorption becomes a highly sensitive probe of photon quantum correlations when narrow semiconductor quantum wells are used as two-photon absorbers.

© 2012 OSA

OCIS Codes
(270.0270) Quantum optics : Quantum optics
(270.4180) Quantum optics : Multiphoton processes
(320.7130) Ultrafast optics : Ultrafast processes in condensed matter, including semiconductors
(250.5960) Optoelectronics : Semiconductor lasers

ToC Category:
Quantum Optics

Original Manuscript: November 7, 2011
Revised Manuscript: December 1, 2011
Manuscript Accepted: December 10, 2011
Published: February 8, 2012

L. J. Salazar, D. A. Guzmán, F. J. Rodríguez, and L. Quiroga, "Quantum-correlated two-photon transitions to excitons in semiconductor quantum wells," Opt. Express 20, 4470-4483 (2012)

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