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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 20, Iss. 6 — Mar. 12, 2012
  • pp: 6068–6079

THz bandwidth optical switching with carbon nanotube metamaterial

Andrey E. Nikolaenko, Nikitas Papasimakis, Arkadi Chipouline, Francesco De Angelis, Enzo Di Fabrizio, and Nikolay I. Zheludev  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 20, Issue 6, pp. 6068-6079 (2012)

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We provide the first demonstration of exceptional light-with-light optical switching performance of a carbon nanotube metamaterial – a hybrid nanostructure of a plasmonic metamaterial with semiconducting single-walled carbon nanotubes. A modulation depth of 10% in the near-IR with sub-500 fs response time is achieved with a pump fluence of just 10 μJ/cm2, which is an order of magnitude lower than in previously reported artificial nanostructures. The improved switching characteristics of the carbon nanotube metamaterial are defined by an excitonic nonlinearity of carbon nanotubes resonantly enhanced by a concentration of local fields in the metamaterial. Since the spectral position of the excitonic response and metamaterial plasmonic resonance can be adjusted by using carbon nanotubes of different diameter and scaling of the metamaterial design, the giant nonlinear response of the hybrid metamaterial – in principle – can be engineered to cover the entire second and third telecom windows, from O- to U-band.

© 2012 OSA

OCIS Codes
(160.3918) Materials : Metamaterials
(130.4815) Integrated optics : Optical switching devices

ToC Category:

Original Manuscript: December 2, 2011
Revised Manuscript: January 12, 2012
Manuscript Accepted: January 16, 2012
Published: February 29, 2012

Andrey E. Nikolaenko, Nikitas Papasimakis, Arkadi Chipouline, Francesco De Angelis, Enzo Di Fabrizio, and Nikolay I. Zheludev, "THz bandwidth optical switching with carbon nanotube metamaterial," Opt. Express 20, 6068-6079 (2012)

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