OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 20, Iss. 6 — Mar. 12, 2012
  • pp: 6085–6096

Design of panoramic stereo imaging with single optical system

Zhi Huang, Jian Bai, and Xi Yun Hou  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 20, Issue 6, pp. 6085-6096 (2012)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (1539 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



A novel panoramic stereo imaging system with double panoramic annular lenses (PAL) is introduced in this paper. The proposed system consists of two coaxial PAL units and images on one sensor. The imaging rings are concentric. The object position can be calculated by triangulation. The novelty of this system is that the central blind zone of one PAL unit is partly used by the other as an image zone. The stereo field of view is 60°~105° × 360°. The depth extracting resolution is about 500mm at 1line/cm. The F# of the system is about 3, facilitating the system to be applied in low illumination environment. A design is presented and the depth extracting precision is analyzed.

© 2012 OSA

OCIS Codes
(080.2740) Geometric optics : Geometric optical design
(120.4570) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Optical design of instruments
(220.3620) Optical design and fabrication : Lens system design

ToC Category:
Optical Design and Fabrication

Original Manuscript: December 21, 2011
Revised Manuscript: February 6, 2012
Manuscript Accepted: February 15, 2012
Published: February 29, 2012

Zhi Huang, Jian Bai, and Xi Yun Hou, "Design of panoramic stereo imaging with single optical system," Opt. Express 20, 6085-6096 (2012)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. W. J. Fowski and M. M. Birnbaum, “Panoramic annular lens attitude determination system (PALADS),” Proc. SPIE2466, 108–117 (1995). [CrossRef]
  2. F. A. Allahdadi and M. Chrisp, “SEDS, earth, atmosphere, and space imaging system (SEASIS),” Proc. SPIE2214, 257–268 (1994). [CrossRef]
  3. T. Svoboda and T. Pajdla, “Panoramic cameras for 3D computation,” in Proceedings of Czech Pattern Recognition Workshop, 63–70, (Czech Society for Pattern Recognition, February 2000).
  4. S. Baker and S. K. Nayar, “A theory of catadioptric image formation” in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on Computer Vision 35(2) 1999. Sixth International Conference, 175–196(1998).
  5. G. Kweon, K. Kim, Y. Choi, G. Kim, H. Kim, and S. Yang, “A catadioptric double-panoramic lens with the equi-distance projection for a rangefinder application,” Proc. SPIE5613, 29–42 (2004). [CrossRef]
  6. G. Jang, S. Kim, and I. Kweon, “Single-camera panoramic stereo system with single-viewpoint optics,” Opt. Lett.31(1), 41–43 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. Z. Zhu and K. D. Rajasekar, “Panoramic virtual stereo vision of cooperative mobile robots for localizing 3D moving objects,” in Proceedings of Omnidirectional Vision, IEEE Workshop on 2000, 29–36(2000).
  8. G. N. E. Weech, J. A. Gilbert, and D. R. Matthys, “A stereoscopic system for radial metrology,” in Proceedings of the 2001 SEM Annual Conference and Exposition, 199–202 (2001).
  9. D. R. Matthys, J. A. Gilbert, and S. B. Fair, “Characterization of optical systems for radial metrology,” in Proceedings of the SEM IX International Congress on Experimental Mechanics, 104–107 (2000).
  10. H. R. Fallah and J. Maxwell, “Higher-order pupil aberrations in wide angle and panoramic optical systems,” Proc. SPIE2774, 342–351 (1996). [CrossRef]
  11. Z. L. Feng, “Studies on the characteristics and applications of the annular imaging system with high resolving power,” Ph.D. dissertation (2008).
  12. S. Niu, J. Bai, X. Y. Hou, and G. G. Yang, “Design of a panoramic annular lens with a long focal length,” Appl. Opt.46(32), 7850–7857 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. I. Powell, “Design study of an infrared panoramic optical system,” Appl. Opt.35(31), 6190–6194 (1996). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. I. Kopilovié, B. Vágvőlgyi, and T. Szirányi, “Application of panoramic annular lens for motion analysis tasks: surveillance and smoke detection,” in Proceedings of the International Conference on Pattern Recognition (ICPR'00), (Barcelona, Spain) 4, 714–717(2000).

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited