OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 20, Iss. 6 — Mar. 12, 2012
  • pp: 6365–6374

Enhanced in and out-coupling of InGaAs slab waveguides by periodic metal slit arrays

Seung Hyun Kim, Chung Min Lee, Seung Bo Sim, Jin hee Kim, Jang hee Choi, Won Seok Han, Kwang Jun Ahn, and Ki Ju Yee  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 20, Issue 6, pp. 6365-6374 (2012)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (2763 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



We studied the in- and the out-coupling efficiencies of photons with a thin InGaAs slab covered by periodic gold nano-slit arrays, by measuring transmission and photoluminescence (PL) spectra. While the maximum in-coupled photons into the InGaAs slab waveguide were found at dip positions in transmission spectra, the mostly out-coupled photons were observed as peaks in PL spectra. For different periods of slit arrays and incident angles we discussed spectral positions of transmission dips and efficiency of the in-coupling influenced by the absorption coefficient of InGaAs. In PL spectra we measured overall enhanced PL intensities from the InGaAs slab covered by slit arrays compared to that of a bare InGaAs, where the peak positions are determined by the period of slit arrays as well. Our findings are important for designing semiconductors both as an optically passive waveguide and active light emitter.

© 2012 OSA

OCIS Codes
(230.7400) Optical devices : Waveguides, slab
(050.6624) Diffraction and gratings : Subwavelength structures

ToC Category:
Diffraction and Gratings

Original Manuscript: January 19, 2012
Revised Manuscript: February 18, 2012
Manuscript Accepted: February 26, 2012
Published: March 5, 2012

Seung Hyun Kim, Chung Min Lee, Seung Bo Sim, Jin hee Kim, Jang hee Choi, Won Seok Han, Kwang Jun Ahn, and Ki Ju Yee, "Enhanced in and out-coupling of InGaAs slab waveguides by periodic metal slit arrays," Opt. Express 20, 6365-6374 (2012)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. R. E. Collin, Field Theory of Guided Waves, 2nd ed, D. G. Dudley ed (Wiley-IEEE Press., New York, 1991).
  2. R. G. Harrington, Time-Harmonic Electromagnetic Fields, D. G. Dudley ed. (John Wiley & Sons Inc., New York, 2001).
  3. S. Y. Lin, E. Chow, V. Hietala, P. R. Villeneuve, and J. D. Joannopoulos, “Experimental demonstration of guiding and bending of electromagnetic waves in a photonic crystal,” Science282(5387), 274–276 (1998). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, “Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole array,” Nature391(6668), 667–669 (1998). [CrossRef]
  5. F. J. Garcia-Vidal and L. Martin-Moreno, “Transmission and focusing of light in one-dimensional periodically nanostructured metals,” Phys. Rev. B66(15), 155412 (2002). [CrossRef]
  6. R. W. Wood, “Anomalous Diffraction Gratings,” Phys. Rev.48(12), 928–936 (1935). [CrossRef]
  7. H. Raether, Surface Plasmons on Smooth and Rough Surfaces and on Gratings, G. Hohler ed. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin 1998).
  8. H. Lochbihler and R. Depine, “Highly conducting wire gratings in the resonance region,” Appl. Opt.32(19), 3459–3465 (1993). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. M. S. Shishodia and A. G. Unil Perera, “Heterojunction plasmonic midinfrared detectors,” J. Appl. Phys.109(4), 043108 (2011). [CrossRef]
  10. A. D. Rakic, A. B. Djurisic, J. M. Elazar, and M. L. Majewski, “Optical properties of metallic films for vertical-cavity optoelectronic devices,” Appl. Opt.37(22), 5271–5283 (1998). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. S. Adachi, Physical Properties of III–V Semiconductor Compounds (John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York, 1992).
  12. K. G. Lee and Q.-H. Park, “Coupling of surface Plasmon polaritons and light in metallic nanoslits,” Phys. Rev. Lett.95, 103902 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. X. Zhang, B. Sun, J. M. Hodgkiss, and R. H. Friend, “Tunable ultrafast optical switching via waveguided gold nanowires,” Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.)20(23), 4455–4459 (2008). [CrossRef]
  14. D. de Ceglia, M. A. Vincenti, M. Scalora, N. Akozbek, and M. J. Bloemer, “Plasmonic band edge effects on the transmission properties of metal gratings,” AIP Advances1(3), 032151 (2011). [CrossRef]
  15. N. Finger, W. Schrenk, and E. Gornik, “Analysis of TM-Polarized DFB laser structures with metal surface gratings,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.36(7), 780–786 (2000). [CrossRef]
  16. B. R. Bennett, R. A. Soref, and J. A. Del Alamo, “Carrier-induced change in refractive index of InP, GaAs, and InGaAsP,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.26(1), 113–122 (1990). [CrossRef]
  17. T. Gong, W. L. Nighan, and P. M. Fauchet, “Hotcarrier Coulomb effects in GaAs investigated by femtosecond spectroscopy around the band edge,” Appl. Phys. Lett.57(25), 2713–2715 (1990). [CrossRef]
  18. J. Hader, S. W. Koch, and J. V. Moloney, “Microscopic theory of gain and spontaneous emission in GaInNAs laser material,” Solid-State Electron.47(3), 513–521 (2003). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited