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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 20, Iss. 7 — Mar. 26, 2012
  • pp: 6980–6988

An ellipse model for cavity mode behavior of optically injection-locked VCSELs

Peng Guo, Weijian Yang, Devang Parekh, Anshi Xu, Zhangyuan Chen, and Connie J. Chang-Hasnain  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 20, Issue 7, pp. 6980-6988 (2012)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.20.006980


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Abstract

We report a new graphical tool to analyze optical injection-locked vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers (VCSELs). It predicts the resonant frequency enhancement and cavity mode behavior for both single- and multi- mode VCSELs under injection locking. Calculations based on this model show excellent agreement with experimental results.

© 2012 OSA

OCIS Codes
(140.3520) Lasers and laser optics : Lasers, injection-locked
(250.7260) Optoelectronics : Vertical cavity surface emitting lasers

ToC Category:
Lasers and Laser Optics

History
Original Manuscript: January 4, 2012
Revised Manuscript: February 29, 2012
Manuscript Accepted: March 5, 2012
Published: March 12, 2012

Citation
Peng Guo, Weijian Yang, Devang Parekh, Anshi Xu, Zhangyuan Chen, and Connie J. Chang-Hasnain, "An ellipse model for cavity mode behavior of optically injection-locked VCSELs," Opt. Express 20, 6980-6988 (2012)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-20-7-6980


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References

  1. C. J. Chang-Hasnain and X. Zhao, “Ultra-high speed VCSEL modulation by injection locking,” Chapter 6 in Optical Fiber Telecommunication V A, Components and Subsystems, 145–182, edited by I. P. Kaminow, T. Li and A. E. Willner, Academic Press, (2008).
  2. X. Zhao, C. J. Chang-Hasnain, “A new amplifier model for resonance enhancement of optically injection-locked lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(6), 395–397 (2008). [CrossRef]
  3. A. Murakami, K. Kawashima, K. Atsuki, “Cavity resonance shift and bandwidth enhancement in semiconductor lasers with strong light injection,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39(10), 1196–1204 (2003). [CrossRef]
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  6. W. Yang, P. Guo, D. Parekh, C. J. Chang-Hasnain, “Reflection-mode optical injection locking,” Opt. Express 18(20), 20887–20893 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. L. Chrostowski, X. Zhao, C. J. Chang-Hasnain, “Microwave performance of optically injection-locked VCSELs,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 54(2), 788–796 (2006). [CrossRef]
  8. D. Parekh, X. Zhao, W. Hofmann, M. C. Amann, L. A. Zenteno, C. J. Chang-Hasnain, “Greatly enhanced modulation response of injection-locked multimode VCSELs,” Opt. Express 16(26), 21582–21586 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. A. Ng'oma, D. Fortusini, D. Parekh, W. Yang, M. Sauer, S. Benjamin, W. Hofmann, M. C. Amann, C. J. Chang-Hasnain, “Performance of a multi-Gb/s 60 GHz radio over fiber system employing a directly modulated optically injection-locked VCSEL,” J. Lightwave Technol. 28(16), 2436–2444 (2010). [CrossRef]
  10. A. Valle, I. Gatare, K. Panajotov, M. Sciamanna, “Transverse mode switching and locking in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers subject to orthogonal optical injection,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 43(4), 322–333 (2007). [CrossRef]
  11. R. Al-Seyab, K. Schires, N. A. Khan, A. Hurtado, I. D. Henning, M. J. Adams, “Dynamics of polarized optical injection in 1550 nm VCSELs: theory and experiments,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17(5), 1242–1249 (2011). [CrossRef]
  12. A. Hurtado, I. D. Henning, M. J. Adams, “Different forms of wavelength polarization switching and bistability in a 1.55 microm vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser under orthogonally polarized optical injection,” Opt. Lett. 34(3), 365–367 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. A. Quirce, A. Valle, L. Pesquera, “Very wide hysteresis cycles in 1550 nm-VCSELs subject to orthogonal optical injection,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(17), 1193–1195 (2009). [CrossRef]

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