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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 20, Iss. 7 — Mar. 26, 2012
  • pp: 7128–7141

Generation of high-order Hermite-Gaussian modes in end-pumped solid-state lasers for square vortex array laser beam generation

Shu-Chun Chu, Yun-Ting Chen, Ko-Fan Tsai, and Kenju Otsuka  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 20, Issue 7, pp. 7128-7141 (2012)

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This study reports the first systematic approach to the excitation of all high-order Hermite-Gaussian modes (HGMs) in end-pumped solid-state lasers. This study uses a metal-wire-inserted laser resonator accompanied with the “off axis pumping” approach. This study presents numerical analysis of the excitation of HGMs in end-pumped solid-state lasers and experimentally generated HGM patterns. This study also experimentally demonstrates the generation of an square vortex array laser beams by passing specific high-order HGMs (HGn,n + 1 or HGn + 1,n modes) through a Dove prism-embedded unbalanced Mach-Zehnder interferometer [Optics Express 16, 19934-19949]. The resulting square vortex array laser beams with embedded vortexes aligned in a square array can be applied to multi-spot dark optical traps in the future.

© 2012 OSA

OCIS Codes
(140.3410) Lasers and laser optics : Laser resonators
(140.3480) Lasers and laser optics : Lasers, diode-pumped
(140.3580) Lasers and laser optics : Lasers, solid-state

ToC Category:
Lasers and Laser Optics

Original Manuscript: January 13, 2012
Manuscript Accepted: February 28, 2012
Published: March 13, 2012

Shu-Chun Chu, Yun-Ting Chen, Ko-Fan Tsai, and Kenju Otsuka, "Generation of high-order Hermite-Gaussian modes in end-pumped solid-state lasers for square vortex array laser beam generation," Opt. Express 20, 7128-7141 (2012)

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