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Coherence properties of a broadband femtosecond mid-IR optical parametric oscillator operating at degeneracyAlireza Marandi, Nick C. Leindecker, Vladimir Pervak, Robert L. Byer, and Konstantin L. Vodopyanov »View Author Affiliations
Alireza Marandi,^{1}
Nick C. Leindecker,^{1}
Vladimir Pervak,^{2}
Robert L. Byer,^{1}
and Konstantin L. Vodopyanov^{1,}^{*}
^{1}E.L. Ginzton Lab., Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305, USA ^{2}Department für Physik, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München, D-85748 Garching, Germany ^{*}Corresponding author: vodopyan@stanford.edu |
Optics Express, Vol. 20, Issue 7, pp. 7255-7262 (2012)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.20.007255
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Abstract
We study coherence properties of a χ^{(2)} optical parametric oscillator (OPO), which produces 2/3-octave-wide spectrum centered at the subharmonic (3120 nm) of the femtosecond pump laser. Our method consists of interfering the outputs of two identical, but independent OPOs pumped by the same laser. We demonstrate that the two OPOs show stable spatial and temporal interference and are mutually locked in frequency and in phase. By observing a collective heterodyne beat signal between the two OPOs we show that one can deterministically choose, by cavity length adjustment, between the two frequency states corresponding to the two sets of modes shifted with respect to each other by half of the laser pulse repetition rate. Moreover, we observe that the existence of two opposite phase states, a known common feature of a parametrically driven n = 2 subharmonic oscillator, reveals itself in our experiment as a common phase, 0 or π, being established through the whole set of some 300 thousand longitudinal modes.
© 2012 OSA
OCIS Codes
(190.4410) Nonlinear optics : Nonlinear optics, parametric processes
(190.4975) Nonlinear optics : Parametric processes
ToC Category:
Nonlinear Optics
History
Original Manuscript: February 2, 2012
Revised Manuscript: March 5, 2012
Manuscript Accepted: March 5, 2012
Published: March 14, 2012
Citation
Alireza Marandi, Nick C. Leindecker, Vladimir Pervak, Robert L. Byer, and Konstantin L. Vodopyanov, "Coherence properties of a broadband femtosecond mid-IR optical parametric oscillator operating at degeneracy," Opt. Express 20, 7255-7262 (2012)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-20-7-7255
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References
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- C. M. S. Sears, E. Colby, R. J. England, R. Ischebeck, C. McGuinness, J. Nelson, R. Noble, R. H. Siemann, J. Spencer, D. Walz, T. Plettner, and R. L. Byer, “Phase stable net acceleration of electrons from a two-stage optical accelerator,” Phys. Rev. Special Topics – Accelerators and Beams11(10), 101301 (2008). [CrossRef]
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- B. Bernhardt, E. Sorokin, P. Jacquet, R. Thon, T. Becker, I. T. Sorokina, N. Picqué, and T. W. Hänsch, “Mid-infrared dual-comb spectroscopy with 2.4 μm Cr2+:ZnSe femtosecond lasers,” Appl. Phys. B100(1), 3–8 (2010). [CrossRef]
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- B. Bernhardt, E. Sorokin, P. Jacquet, R. Thon, T. Becker, I. T. Sorokina, N. Picqué, and T. W. Hänsch, “Mid-infrared dual-comb spectroscopy with 2.4 μm Cr2+:ZnSe femtosecond lasers,” Appl. Phys. B100(1), 3–8 (2010). [CrossRef]
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- M. J. Thorpe, D. Balslev-Clausen, M. S. Kirchner, and J. Ye, “Cavity-enhanced optical frequency comb spectroscopy: application to human breath analysis,” Opt. Express16(4), 2387–2397 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
- N. Leindecker, A. Marandi, R. L. Byer, and K. L. Vodopyanov, “Broadband degenerate OPO for mid-infrared frequency comb generation,” Opt. Express19(7), 6296–6302 (2011). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
- K. L. Vodopyanov, E. Sorokin, I. T. Sorokina, and P. G. Schunemann, “Mid-IR frequency comb source spanning 4.4-5.4 μm based on subharmonic GaAs optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Lett.36(12), 2275–2277 (2011). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
- S. T. Wong, K. L. Vodopyanov, and R. L. Byer, “Self-phase-locked divide-by-2 optical parametric oscillator as a broadband frequency comb source,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B27(5), 876–882 (2010). [CrossRef]
- S. T. Wong, T. Plettner, K. L. Vodopyanov, K. Urbanek, M. Digonnet, and R. L. Byer, “Self-phase-locked degenerate femtosecond optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Lett.33(16), 1896–1898 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
- C. M. S. Sears, E. Colby, R. J. England, R. Ischebeck, C. McGuinness, J. Nelson, R. Noble, R. H. Siemann, J. Spencer, D. Walz, T. Plettner, and R. L. Byer, “Phase stable net acceleration of electrons from a two-stage optical accelerator,” Phys. Rev. Special Topics – Accelerators and Beams11(10), 101301 (2008). [CrossRef]
- S. T. Wong, K. L. Vodopyanov, and R. L. Byer, “Self-phase-locked divide-by-2 optical parametric oscillator as a broadband frequency comb source,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B27(5), 876–882 (2010). [CrossRef]
- S. T. Wong, T. Plettner, K. L. Vodopyanov, K. Urbanek, M. Digonnet, and R. L. Byer, “Self-phase-locked degenerate femtosecond optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Lett.33(16), 1896–1898 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
- F. Adler, K. C. Cossel, M. J. Thorpe, I. Hartl, M. E. Fermann, and J. Ye, “Phase-stabilized, 1.5 W frequency comb at 2.8-4.8 microm,” Opt. Lett.34(9), 1330–1332 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
- M. J. Thorpe, D. Balslev-Clausen, M. S. Kirchner, and J. Ye, “Cavity-enhanced optical frequency comb spectroscopy: application to human breath analysis,” Opt. Express16(4), 2387–2397 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
- J.-J. Zondy, A. Douillet, A. Tallet, E. Ressayre, and M. Le Berre, “Theory of self-phase-locked optical parametric oscillators,” Phys. Rev. A63(2), 023814 (2001). [CrossRef]
Appl. Opt.
- A. E. Siegman, “Nonlinear optical effects: an optical power limiter,” Appl. Opt.1(6), 739–744 (1962). [CrossRef]
Appl. Phys. B
- B. Bernhardt, E. Sorokin, P. Jacquet, R. Thon, T. Becker, I. T. Sorokina, N. Picqué, and T. W. Hänsch, “Mid-infrared dual-comb spectroscopy with 2.4 μm Cr2+:ZnSe femtosecond lasers,” Appl. Phys. B100(1), 3–8 (2010). [CrossRef]
J. Opt. Soc. Am. B
- R. A. Kaindl, M. Wurm, K. Reimann, P. Hamm, A. M. Weiner, and M. Woerner, “Generation, shaping, and characterization of intense femtosecond pulses tunable from 3 to 20 μm,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B17(12), 2086–2094 (2000). [CrossRef]
- S. T. Wong, K. L. Vodopyanov, and R. L. Byer, “Self-phase-locked divide-by-2 optical parametric oscillator as a broadband frequency comb source,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B27(5), 876–882 (2010). [CrossRef]
- C. D. Nabors, S. T. Yang, T. Day, and R. L. Byer, “Coherence properties of a doubly-resonant monolithic optical parametric oscillator,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B7(5), 815–820 (1990). [CrossRef]
Nat. Photonics
- T. Popmintchev, M.-C. Chen, P. Arpin, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “The attosecond nonlinear optics of bright coherent X-ray generation,” Nat. Photonics4(12), 822–832 (2010). [CrossRef]
Nat. Phys.
- P. B. Corkum and F. Krausz, “Attosecond science,” Nat. Phys.3(6), 381–387 (2007). [CrossRef]
Nature
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Opt. Express
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