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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 20, Iss. 7 — Mar. 26, 2012
  • pp: 7758–7770

Monolithic integration of III-V nanowire with photonic crystal microcavity for vertical light emission

Alexandre Larrue, Christophe Wilhelm, Gwenaelle Vest, Sylvain Combrié, Alfredo De Rossi, and Cesare Soci  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 20, Issue 7, pp. 7758-7770 (2012)

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A novel photonic structure formed by the monolithic integration of a vertical III-V nanowire on top of a L3 two-dimensional photonic crystal microcavity is proposed to enhance light emission from the nanowire. The impact on the nanowire spontaneous emission rate is evaluated by calculating the spontaneous emission factor β, and the material gain at threshold is used as a figure of merit of this vertical emitting nanolaser. An optimal design is identified for a GaAs nanowire geometry with r = 155 nm and L~1.1 μm, where minimum gain at threshold (gth ~ 13 × 1 0 3 cm−1) and large spontaneous emission factor (β~0.3) are simultaneously achieved. Modification of the directivity of the L3 photonic crystal cavity via the band-folding principle is employed to further optimize the far-field radiation pattern and to increase the directivity of the device. These results lay the foundation for a new approach toward large-scale integration of vertical emitting nanolasers and may enable applications such as intra-chip optical interconnects.

© 2012 OSA

OCIS Codes
(140.4780) Lasers and laser optics : Optical resonators
(160.4236) Materials : Nanomaterials
(350.4238) Other areas of optics : Nanophotonics and photonic crystals
(140.7270) Lasers and laser optics : Vertical emitting lasers

ToC Category:
Photonic Crystals

Original Manuscript: February 7, 2012
Revised Manuscript: March 6, 2012
Manuscript Accepted: March 11, 2012
Published: March 20, 2012

Alexandre Larrue, Christophe Wilhelm, Gwenaelle Vest, Sylvain Combrié, Alfredo De Rossi, and Cesare Soci, "Monolithic integration of III-V nanowire with photonic crystal microcavity for vertical light emission," Opt. Express 20, 7758-7770 (2012)

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