OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 20, Iss. 8 — Apr. 9, 2012
  • pp: 8431–8441

Flicker minimization in an LCoS spatial light modulator

Jorge García-Márquez, Victor López, Arturo González-Vega, and Enrique Noé  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 20, Issue 8, pp. 8431-8441 (2012)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.20.008431


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (1716 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

We present a method for reducing the phase flicker originated by the pulsed modulation of a Liquid Crystal on Silicon (LCoS) Spatial Light Modulator (SLM). It consists in reducing the temperature of the LCoS in a controlled way, in order to increase the viscosity of the liquid crystal. By doing this, we increase the time response of the liquid crystal, and thus reduce the amplitude of phase fluctuations. We evaluate the efficacy of this method quantifying the temporal evolution of phase shift using an experiment that is insensitive to optical polarization fluctuations. Additionally, we determine the effect of the temperature reduction on the effective phase modulation capability of the LCoS. We demonstrate that a reduction of up to 80% of the flicker initial value can be achieved when the LCoS is brought to −8 °C.

© 2012 OSA

OCIS Codes
(050.5080) Diffraction and gratings : Phase shift
(120.3180) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Interferometry
(120.5050) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Phase measurement
(230.3720) Optical devices : Liquid-crystal devices
(230.6120) Optical devices : Spatial light modulators

ToC Category:
Optical Devices

History
Original Manuscript: December 21, 2011
Revised Manuscript: February 22, 2012
Manuscript Accepted: February 23, 2012
Published: March 27, 2012

Citation
Jorge García-Márquez, Victor López, Arturo González-Vega, and Enrique Noé, "Flicker minimization in an LCoS spatial light modulator," Opt. Express 20, 8431-8441 (2012)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-20-8-8431


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. V. Arrizón, G. Méndez, and D. Sánchez-de-La-Llave, “Accurate encoding of arbitrary complex fields with amplitude-only liquid crystal spatial light modulators,” Opt. Express13(20), 7913–7927 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. M. Mora-Gonzalez and N. Alcalá-Ochoa, “Sinusoidal liquid crystal display grating in the Ronchi test,” Opt. Eng.42(6), 1725–1729 (2003). [CrossRef]
  3. W. Osten, C. Kohler, and J. Liesener, “Evaluation and application of spatial light modulators for optical metrology,” Opt. Pura. Apl.38, 71–81 (2005).
  4. A. Jesacher, Ch. Maurer, A. Schwaighofer, S. Bernet, and M. Ritsch-Marte, “Full phase and amplitude control of holographic optical tweezers with high efficiency,” Opt. Express16(7), 4479–4486 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. E. Frumker and Y. Silberberg, “Phase and amplitude pulse shaping with two-dimensional phase-only spatial light modulators,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B24(12), 2940–2947 (2007). [CrossRef]
  6. J. García-Márquez, J. E. A. Landgrave, N. Alcalá-Ochoa, and C. Pérez-Santos, “Recursive wavefront aberration correction method for LCoS spatial light modulators,” Opt. Lasers Eng.49(6), 743–748 (2011). [CrossRef]
  7. I. Moreno, A. Lizana, A. Márquez, C. Iemmi, E. Fernández, J. Campos, and M. J. Yzuel, “Time fluctuations of the phase modulation in a liquid crystal on silicon display: characterization and effects in diffractive optics,” Opt. Express16(21), 16711–16722 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. K. Kakarenko, M. Zaremba, I. Ducin, M. Makowski, A. Siemion, A. Siemion, J. Suszek, M. Sypek, D. Wojnowski, Z. Jaroszewicz, and A. Kołodziejczyk, “Utilization of an LCoS spatial light modulator's phase flicker for improving diffractive efficiency,” Proc. SPIE7746, 77461J (2010). [CrossRef]
  9. J. Garcia-Marquez, E. Lopez-Padilla, A. Gonzalez-Vega, and E. Noe-Arias, “Flicker reduction in an LCoS spatial light modulator,” Proc. SPIE8011, 80112S (2011). [CrossRef]
  10. A. Jesacher, Applications of spatial light modulators for optical trapping and image processing Doktor der Naturwissenschaften Thesis Leopold-Franzens University, 2009.
  11. L. Lobato, Á. Lizana, A. Márquez, I. Moreno, C. Iemmi, J. Campos, and M. J. Yzuel, “Characterization of the anamorphic and spatial frequency dependent phenomenon in liquid crystal on silicon displays,” J. Eur. Opt. Soc. Rapid Pub.6, 11012s (2011).
  12. A. Márquez, I. Moreno, C. Iemmi, A. Lizana, J. Campos, and M. J. Yzuel, “Mueller-Stokes characterization and optimization of a liquid crystal on silicon display showing depolarization,” Opt. Express16(3), 1669–1685 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. J. E. Wolfe and R. A. Chipman, “Polarimetric characterization of liquid-crystal-on-silicon panels,” Appl. Opt.45(8), 1688–1703 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. A. Lizana, A. Márquez, I. Moreno, C. Iemmi, J. Campos, and M. J. Yzuel, “Wavelength dependence of polarimetric and phase-shift characterization of a liquid crystal on silicon display,” J. Eur. Opt. Soc. Rapid Pub.3, 08011–08016 (2008).
  15. A. Lizana, I. Moreno, C. Iemmi, A. Márquez, J. Campos, and M. J. Yzuel, “Time-resolved Mueller matrix analysis of a liquid crystal on silicon display,” Appl. Opt.47(23), 4267–4274 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. S. Hermerschmidt, S. Osten, S. Krüger, and T. Blümel, “Wave front generation using a phase-only modulating liquid-crystal based micro-display with HDTV resolution,” Proc. SPIE6584, 6584OE (2007).
  17. J. R. Moore, N. Collings, W. A. Crossland, A. B. Davey, M. Evans, A. M. Jeziorska, M. Komarčević, R. J. Parker, T. D. Wilkinson, and H. Xu, “The silicon backplane design for an LCoS polarization-insensitive phase hologram SLM,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.20(1), 60–62 (2008). [CrossRef]
  18. N. Collings, T. Davey, J. Christmas, D. Chu, and B. Crossland, “The applications and technology of phase-only liquid crystal on silicon devices,” J. Disp. Technol.7(3), 112–119 (2011). [CrossRef]
  19. E. L. Hudson, J. G. Campbell, and W. S. Worley, “Display with multiplexed pixels for achieving modulation between saturation and threshold voltages,” U.S. Patent 6 005 558, (1999).
  20. V. F. Canales and M. P. Cagigal, “Pupil filter design by using a Bessel functions basis at the image plane,” Opt. Express14(22), 10393–10402 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  21. P. N. Gundu, E. Hack, and P. Rastogi, “High efficient superresolution combination filter with twin LCD spatial light modulators,” Opt. Express13(8), 2835–2842 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  22. N. Alcalá-Ochoa, J. García-Márquez, and A. González-Vega, “Hybrid pupil filter design using Bessel series,” Opt. Commun.284(20), 4900–4902 (2011). [CrossRef]
  23. N. A. Ochoa and J. E. A. Landgrave, “Non-iterative method for designing super-resolving pupil filters,” Opt. Express19(23), 23613–23620 (2011). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  24. Philips X97C3A0 0,97, Monochrome reflective liquid crystal display preliminary specification (Philips Components, 2001).
  25. H. Kneppe, F. Schneider, and N. K. Sharma, “Rotational viscosity γ1 of nematic liquid crystals,” J. Chem. Phys.77(6), 3203–3208 (1982). [CrossRef]
  26. R. J. Beck, J. P. Parry, W. N. MacPherson, A. Waddie, N. J. Weston, J. D. Shephard, and D. P. Hand, “Application of cooled spatial light modulator for high power nanosecond laser micromachining,” Opt. Express18(16), 17059–17065 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  27. P. Gerets, K. Vandorpe, and W. Van Rafelgem, “Cooling of reflective spatial light modulating devices,” U. S. Patent 7 938 543 B2, (2011).
  28. J. M. Huntley, “An image processing system for the analysis of speckle photographs,” J. Phys. E Sci. Instrum.19(1), 43–49 (1986). [CrossRef]
  29. D. Malacara, Optical Shop Testing 3rd ed (Wiley, 2007), pp. 642–644.

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

Supplementary Material


» Media 1: MPG (2174 KB)     

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited