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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 20, Iss. 8 — Apr. 9, 2012
  • pp: 8472–8484

An ethanol vapor detection probe based on a ZnO nanorod coated optical fiber long period grating

Maria Konstantaki, Argyro Klini, Demetrios Anglos, and Stavros Pissadakis  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 20, Issue 8, pp. 8472-8484 (2012)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.20.008472


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Abstract

A new ethanol vapor detection probe based on an optical fiber long period grating overlaid with a zinc oxide (ZnO) nanorods layer is presented. The ZnO nanorod layer was developed onto the cladding of the fiber using aqueous chemical growth, seeded by a thin layer of metallic Zn. The growth of the ZnO nanorods overlayer onto the long period grating cladding is monitored in real time for investigating its effect on the spectral properties of the device and its subsequent role in the sensing mechanism. Results are presented, on the correlation between the growth time of the ZnO layer and the ethanol vapor detection performance. Reversible spectral changes of the notch extinction ratio of more than 4dB were recorded for ~50Torr of ethanol vapor concentration. In addition, photoluminescence emission studies of the ZnO overlayer performed simultaneously with the optical fiber spectral measurements, revealed significant ethanol induced changes in the intensity of the bandgap peak.

© 2012 OSA

OCIS Codes
(060.2370) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber optics sensors
(240.6490) Optics at surfaces : Spectroscopy, surface
(060.3735) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber Bragg gratings
(160.4236) Materials : Nanomaterials

ToC Category:
Sensors

History
Original Manuscript: February 6, 2012
Manuscript Accepted: February 7, 2012
Published: March 27, 2012

Citation
Maria Konstantaki, Argyro Klini, Demetrios Anglos, and Stavros Pissadakis, "An ethanol vapor detection probe based on a ZnO nanorod coated optical fiber long period grating," Opt. Express 20, 8472-8484 (2012)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-20-8-8472


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